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Psychology, Psychiatry & Mental Health

New studies on PTSD, teen suicide, work-life stress and cognitive therapy for #WorldMentalHealthDay

Research for science and health journalists from Elsevier's journals

World Mental Health Day edition of ERS

The Elsevier Research Selection is an email developed by the Elsevier Newsroom that spotlights interesting, topical research articles for health and science media. Research included is peer-reviewed and has been publicly available for no more than four to six weeks (usually as articles-in-press).

The research papers are available to credentialed journalists through free access to ScienceDirect, the world's largest repository of scientific full text information.

This is a special edition in recognition of World Mental Health Day October 10, capturing some of the latest research on mental health topics.

Access for science journalists

  • Elsevier Research Selection. If you are a credentialed journalist writing about science and would like to receive the EMRS, email the Elsevier Newsroom: newsroom@elsevier.com.
  • ScienceDirect. Science journalists can also get free access to ScienceDirect through a media code. For more information, email the Elsevier Newsroom.
 

Body appreciation in adult women: Relationships with age and body satisfaction

Body Image | http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2013.07.003
Older women appreciate their bodies more
We not only experience physical changes to our bodies later in life, but also a change in attitude towards them. A study, published in Body Image, looked at the effect of age on body image (measured using the Body Appreciation Scale) in females. Results showed a positive relationship between age and body appreciation; that is older women had higher levels of body appreciation than their younger counterparts.

 
 

Impact of aerobic exercise on neurobehavioral outcomes

Mental Health and Physical Activity | http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mhpa.2013.06.008
Aerobic exercise improves neurocognitive function
Older adults are particularly vulnerable to developing a cognitive impairment. This study, published in Mental Health and Physical Activity, examined the relationship between physical activity and cognitive function across various age groups. Results showed that aerobic exercise improves neurocognitive function, with greater affects among elderly, increasing the production of neurons in sub-regions of the hippocampus.

 
 

Is a change in work motivation related to a change in mental well-being?

Journal of Vocational Behaviorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2013.09.002
Work life may affect mental health
Many people find it hard to effectively balance work and private life and often feel work stress infiltrates their personal lives. This study, published in the Journal of Vocational Behavior, explored the relationship between changes in work motivation and changes in mental wellbeing, particularly focussing on levels of exhaustion and depression. The study population included over 500 employees in manufacturing jobs. Results showed that a positive change in work motivation was significantly related to a decrease in levels of exhaustion; a negative change in work motivation was related to increased levels of both exhaustion and depression.

 
 

Exploring The Intergenerational Persistence Of Mental Health: Evidence From Three Generations

Journal of Health Economics | http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhealeco.2013.09.001
Poor mental health in parents may affect the future lives of their children
Mental health conditions not only affect the lives of those suffering, but may also have an impact on those closest to them. This study used data from the 1970 British Cohort Study to determine the persistence of mental health and the long-run economic costs associated with a parent having poor mental health. Results, published in the Journal of Health Economics, revealed a strong, significant correlation across generations, with negative impacts on educational attainment, future household income and the probability of having criminal convictions for those who were raised by a parent with poor mental health.

 
 

BMI and depressive symptoms: The role of media pressures

Eating Behaviors | http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2013.08.007
Media pressures lead to depression in those with high BMI
Many of us hold unrealistic thoughts regarding our image of the "ideal body figure", which is often amplified by pictures in the media. This study, published in Eating Behaviors, examined whether perceived media pressure affected the relationship between BMI and depression. Results from over 700 young adults, majority female, show that higher BMI levels are associated with greater depressive symptoms when there is a greater perceived media pressure on body image.

 
 

Randomised Controlled Trial of Group Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Comorbid Anxiety and Depression in Older Adults

Behaviour Research and Therapyhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2013.09.002
Cognitive behavioural therapy could help to relieve depression in older adults
Anxiety and depression are commonly associated with poor physical and mental health in older adults. This study, published in Behaviour Research and Therapy, found that cognitive behavioural therapy greatly reduced symptoms of anxiety and depression in this age group and benefits were still found three months after CBT intervention.

 
 

Parents bereaved by infant death: PTSD symptoms up to 18 years after the loss

General Hospital Psychiatryhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2013.06.006
12% of parents who have lost a child experience PTSD
Losing a child is every parent's worst nightmare, no matter at which stage of life of the child the tragedy occurs. This study, published in Mental Health and Physical Activity, looked at factors contributing to chronic posttraumatic stress (PTS) reactions in this population. Data were sourced from 634 parents, for up to 18 years after the death of their infant. Results showed that an estimated 12.3% of parents experience posttraumatic stress disorder. The study highlights the long-term impact of infant loss and the importance of social support to counteract symptoms.

 
 

National suicide rates and mental health system indicators: An ecological study of 191 countries

International Journal of Law and Psychiatry | http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijlp.2013.06.004
Mental health issues linked to national suicide rates
Mental health issues are an increasing problem on a global scale, and can have fatal outcomes. Using data from the World Health Organisation and other resources, this study, published in the International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, investigated the link between national suicide rates and corresponding mental health system indicators (e.g. the presence of mental health legislation and policy, number of psychiatrists and psychologists per 1,000 people). Across multiple countries results showed a significant positive correlation between national suicide rates and mental health system indicators.

 
 

Suicidal Thoughts and Attempts Among US High School Students: Trends and Associated Health-Risk Behaviors, 1991–2011

Journal of Adolescent Health http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2013.07.024
Teen suicide rates are decreasing but still need to be addressed
Suicidal thoughts and suicide attempts are concerning for all population groups, but a particular concern in regards to teenagers as behaviour can sometimes be harder to spot in this age group. This study, published in the Journal of Adolescent Health, analysed data from a variety of youth surveys conducted in the U.S over the past 20 years and looked to measure the correlation between suicide risk and a range of health-risk behaviours. Results showed that among female students both suicidal thoughts and suicide attempts decreased significantly over the years; among male students, only suicidal thoughts decreased significantly. The study also summarises which health-risk behaviour was most strongly associated with suicide attempts among both genders in the years studied; for both genders injection drug use was most prominent.

 
 

Associations between physical activity and the built environment in patients with schizophrenia: a multi-centre study

General Hospital Psychiatry | http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2013.07.004
Emotional satisfaction linked to environment
It is often thought that our surroundings can impact how we feel. This study, published in General Hospital Psychiatry, explored the variance in walking, moderate and vigorous physical activity in association with satisfaction towards neighbourhood design and other environmental variables. 138 patients with schizophrenia were studied across a four-month period. Results showed that walking and moderate-intesity physical activity were related to emotional satisfaction with the environment.

 

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Reporting for Elsevier Connect

[caption align="alignright"]Sacha Boucherie

Sacha Boucherie[/caption]The Elsevier Research Selection for Journalists is produced and distributed by the Elsevier Newsroom, which serves as an intermediary between the scientific community and general public. Press Officer Sacha Boucherie works closely with Elsevier's journal publishers, editors and authors at one end and with science journalists and reporters at the other end with the aim of spotlighting and promoting interesting, topical research articles. She is based in Elsevier's Amsterdam headquarters and holds a master's degree in social psychology at the University of Groningen in the Netherlands.



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