X–Ray Diffraction Studies on the Deformation and Fracture of Solids

Edited By

  • K. Tanaka, Nagoya University, Japan
  • S. Kodama, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Japan
  • T. Goto, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Hyogo, Japan

This volume covers current research findings and engineering applications of X–ray methods by the Japanese X–ray group members. The first part of the volume deals with fundamental problems in the methods for X–ray stress measurement. Phase stresses in the constituent phases of ceramic composites and ceramic-fiber reinforced metal-matrix composites are separately measured by X–rays, while three-dimensional stresses and thermal stresses in composites measured by X–rays are compared with the theoretical and numerical analyses. This work will therfore provide significant information for designing high-performance composites. Other topics covered include synchrotron X–ray radiation and the analysis of X–ray data by the Guassian curve method.

Part two is devoted to the application of X–ray diffraction methods for various engineering purposes, the residual stress and half-value breadth (the full width at half the maximum) of the diffraction profiles being the two main X–ray parameters utilized in those applications. Chapters are included on X–ray fractography, a powerful technique for failure analysis, which is applied to the brittle fracture of ceramics and to the fatigue fracture of steels under various service conditions.

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Book information

  • Published: September 1993
  • Imprint: NORTH-HOLLAND
  • ISBN: 978-0-444-81690-0

Table of Contents

X–Ray Stress Measurement. X–ray stress measurement of alumina/zirconia composites (K. Tanaka). Evaluation of thermal stresses in continuous alumina fiber–reinforced aluminum composites by X–ray stress measurement (Y. Ikeuchi, T. Hanabusa and H. Fujiwara). Influence of micro–stress on x–ray residual stress analysis (T. Hanabusa and H. Fujiwara). Method for the x–ray analysis of multiaxial stress in materials with a steep stress gradient (T. Sasaki, Y. Yoshioka and M. Kuramoto). X–ray strain analysis and elastic anisotropy of textured metals (K. Honda, T. Sarai and M. Omori). X–ray stress measurement by using synchrotron radiation source (Y. Yoshioka). X–ray stress measurement by the Gaussian Curve method (M. Kurita). Applications of X–Ray Diffraction Methods. X–ray studies on the mechanical properties of boronized steel (T. Endoh and M. Kawakami). X–ray study of the relationship between strength and residual stress in cemented carbides coated with TiN (K. Kamachi and T. Yamamoto). X–ray fractographic approach to the brittle fracture of ceramics and ceramic composites (Y. Hirose, Z. Yajima and K. Tanaka). Applications and problems in an X–Ray fractographic study of fatigue fracture surfaces (Y. Miyoshi and K. Ogura). Study on the fatigue fracture surface of highly hardened material by micro–beam x–ray techniques (Y. Natsume and S. Miyakawa). Application of x–ray measurements to rolling bearing technology (N. Tsushima). Fatigue life assessment of high–temperature Cr–Mo–V rotors by x–ray diffraction (T. Goto et al). Fracture analysis of a power generating machine part by x–ray fractography (M. Hayashi). Index.