Table of ContentsContributors.Preface.Women, Health, and Medicine:Why Women's Health?An Overview of Women and Health, M.B. Goldman & M.C. Hatch.Gender, Race and Class: From Epidemiologic Association to Etiologic Hypotheses, C.J. Rowland Hogue.The Role of Women in Health Care and Research:Section Editor: S.G. Haynes.Role of Advocacy Groups in Research on Women's Health, B. Seaman & S.F. Wood.State-of-the-Art Methods for Women's Health Research, S.G. Haynes & M.C. Hatch.Gender Issues in Women's Health Care, C.M. Clancy.Women's Health and Managed Care, K. Davis, K.S. Collins, and C. Schoen.Lesbian Health Research, J. Bradford and J.C. White.Sexual and Reproductive Health:Reproductive Health:Section Editors: G.S. Berkowitz and J.R. Daling.Puberty and Adolescent Pregnancy, T.O. Scholl.Menstruation and Menstrual Disorders: The Epidemiology of Menstruation and Menstrual Dysfunction, S.D. Harlow.Premenstrual Syndrome, J.F. Mortola.Women's Fecundability and Factors Affecting It, D.D. Baird and B.I. Strassman.Contraception, D. Shoupe and D.R. Mishell, Jr..Induced Abortion, H.K. Atrash and A.F. Saftlas.Maternal Morbidity, M.A. Williams and R. Mittendorf.Labor and Delivery, W.D. Fraser and M.S. Kramer.Infertility, M.B. Goldman, S.A. Missmer, and R.L. Barbieri.Assisted Reproductive Technologies, D.A. Grainger and B.L. Tjaden.Endometriosis, V.L. Holt and J. Jenkins.Uterine Leiomyomata, S.M. Schwartz and L.M. Marshall.Hysterectomy, K. Dickerson and G.S. LaMaire.Sexually Transmitted Diseases:Section Editor: N.S. Padian.Chlamydia, G. Burstein and A.M. Rompalo.Gonococcal Infection in Women, N.A. Hynes and A.M. Rompalo.Syphilis in Women, J.M. Marrazzo and C.L. Celum. Genital Herpes, A. Wald and J.M. Brown.Human Papilloma Virus Infection in Women, N. Jay and A.-B. Moscicki.Human Immunodeficiency Virus and AIDS in Women, M.L. Kamb and P.M. Wortley.Vaginal Infections, J.R. Schwebke.Urinary Tract Infection, B. Foxman.Pelvic Inflammatory Disease, R. Ness and D. Brooks-Nelson.The Interrelationship of Reproductive Health and Sexually Transmitted Diseases, W. Cates, Jr., and N.S. Padian.International Women's Health:Section Editor: Z. Stein.Maternal Mortality and Morbidity , D. Maine and T. McGinn.Female Circumcision/Female Genital Mutilation, S. Izett and N. Toubia.Women and HIV/AIDS: A Global Perspective: Epidemiology, Risk Factors, and Challenges, Q.A. Karim and Z.A. Stein.Human Rights and Women's Health, L.P. Freedman.Occupational, Environmental, and Social Determinants of Health:Women at Work:Section Editor: S.H. Zahm.Employment Patterns and Health among U.S. Working Women, J. Walstedt.Multiple Roles and Complex Exposures: Hard-To-Pin Down Risks to Working Women, K. Messing.Reproductive Hazards in the Workplace, M.-L. Lindbohm and H. Taskinen.Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders: Is There a Gender Differential, and if So, What Does It Mean? L. Punnett and R. Herbert.Occupational Cancer, S.H. Zahm, M.H. Ward, and D.T. Silverman.Indoor Air Quality, M. Hodgson and E. Storey.Women's Occupational Health: International Perspectives, J.M. Stellman and A. Lucas.Social Determinants of Health:Section Editor: G. Sorensen.Violence Against Women, B.A. Miller and W.R. Downs.Socioeconomic Inequalities in Women's Health, N.E. Moss.Women, Stress, and Health, K. Williams and D. Umberson.Cigarette Smoking: Trends, Determinants, and Health Effects, C.G. Husten and A.M. Malarcher.Nutrition, Weight and Body Image, S.H. Parker.Alcohol Use and Abuse, M. Russell, M. Testa and S. Wilsnack. Environmental Exposures:Section Editor: E.K. Silbergeld.The Environment and Women's Health: An Overview, E.K. Silbergeld.Evidence for the Role of Environment in Women's Health: Geographical and Temporal Trends in Health Indicators, R.H. Allen.Environmental Exposures and Women's Reproductive Health, J.A. Flaws, F.I. Sharara, E.K. Silbergeld, and A.N. Hirshfield.Environmental Exposures and Cancer, E.V. Moy and D.C. Christiani.Chronic Disease:Autoimmune Disorders Section Editor: R. Ramsey-Goldman.Thyroid Diseases, P. Kopp.Rheumatoid Arthritis, C.E. Dugowson.Multiple Sclerosis, M.J. Olek and S.J. Khoury.Systemic Lupus Erthematosus, R. Ramsey-Goldman and S. Manzi.Asthma, M. Kimbell-Dunn, N. Pearce, and R. Beasley.SjÃ¶gren's Syndrome, A.L. Parke.Cardiovascular Disease and Cardiovascular Risk in Women:Section Editor: R. Ness.Overview of Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease, K.M. Newton, A.Z. LaCroix, and D.S.M. Buist.Diagnosis and Treatment of Heart Disease in Women, R. Holubkov and S.E. Reis.Hormonal Milieu and Heart Disease, E. Meilahn.Emotions and Heart Disease, G. Weidner and H. Mueller.Cerebrovascular Disease in Women, R.L. Brey and S.J. Kittner.Venous Thromboembolism, L. Rosenberg.Diabetes in Women, P.A. Lotufo, M. Sabolsi, and J.E. Manson.Obesity, K.M. Flegal.Coronary Heart Disease, Lipid Metabolism, and Steroid Hormones in Women, R.W. Evans.Cancer:Section Editor: L.A. Brinton.Cancers in Women, S.S. Devesa.Breast Cancer Epidemiology,Treatment, and Prevention, G. Ursin, D.V. Spicer, and L. Bernstein.Inherited Genetic Susceptibility and Breast Cancer, B. Newman.Breast Cancer Screening, K. Kerlikowske.Ovarian Cancer, R. Troisi and P. Hartge.Endometrial Cancer, L.S. Cook and N.S. Weiss.Cervical Cancer, F.X. Bosch and N. MuÃ±oz.Cervical Cancer Screening, D. Solomon and M. Schiffman.Epidemiology of Lung Cancer in Women, A.H. Wu.Colon and Rectal Cancer in Women, E.A. Platz and E. Giovannucci.Cancer Prevention for Women, K. Glanz and T.M. Vogt.Mental Disorders:Section Editor: E.J. Bromet.Mental Illness in Women, M.V. Seeman.Gender and Mood Disorders, R.C. Kessler.Anxiety Disorders in Women, K.R. Merikangas and R.A. Pollock.Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), N. Breslau.Eating Disorders, K.A. Halmi.Addictive Disorders, S.Y. Hill.Poorly Understood Conditions:Section Editor: K.B. Schmaling.Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, T. Rea and D. Buchwald.Fibromyalgia, D.J. Hawley and F. Wolfe.Epidemiology of Headache in Women: Emphasis on Migraine, S.W. Hamelsky, W.F. Stewart, and R.B. Lipton.Irritable Bowel Syndrome, N.J. Talley and N. Koloski.Interstitial Cystitis, C.L. Parsons, M. Kamarei, and M. Monga.Temporomandibular Disorders, L. LeResche and M. Drangsholt.Multiple Chemical Sensitivity, C.M. Baldwin, I.R. Bell, M. Fernadez, and G.E.R. Schwartz.Geriatric Health:Aging:Section Editor: J.M. Guralnik.Morbidity, Disability, and Mortality, S.G. Leveille and J.M. Guralnik.Menopause: Its Epidemiology, M.R. Sowers.The Risks and Benefits of Hormone Replacement Therapy - Weighing the Evidence, P.A. Wingo and A. McTiernan.Osteoporosis, J.A. Cauley and M.E. Danielson.Osteoarthritis and Other Musculoskeletal Diseases, M.C. Hochberg, J.C. Scott and M. Lethbridge-Cejku.Urinary Incontinence, N.H. Fultz and A.R. Herzog.Sensory Impairment, G.S. Rubin and K.J. Cruickshanks.Alzheimer's Disease, R. Mayeux and S. Gandy.Successful Aging, J.B. Unger and T.E. Seeman.Epilogue:J.L. Kelsey.Epidemiology Glossary.Index.