Whittle's Gait Analysis

Whittle’s Gait Analysis - formerly known as Gait Analysis: an introduction - is now in its fifth edition with a new team of authors led by David Levine and Jim Richards. Working closely with Michael Whittle, the team maintains a clear and accessible approach to basic gait analysis. It will assist both students and clinicians in the diagnosis of and treatment plans for patients suffering from medical conditions that affect the way they walk.


Published: July 2012

Imprint: Churchill Livingstone

ISBN: 978-0-7020-5199-9


  • "Whittle’s Gait Analysis is a basic introduction to this topic. It covers background concepts, terminology, normal and pathological gait, as well as methods used to perform gait analysis. A description of common pathologies and associated gait deviations is presented by way of example. Overall, this book provides a comprehensive overview of the basic concepts and uses of clinical gait analysis. It is a very helpful text for those with little or no knowledge of gait analysis, and provides a very readable and understandable synopsis. The majority of information provided is descriptive, with some limited guidance on interpretation of gait data. Further reading would be required to gain in-depth understanding of each aspect of gait analysis, but this book provides an accessible introduction to the topic."

    Posture and Mobility Group, April 2013


  • Chapter 1 Basic Sciences
    Motor control

    Chapter 2 Normal Gait
    Walking and gait
    Terminology used in gait analysis
    Outline of the gait cycle
    The gait cycle in detail
    Ground reaction forces
    Support moment
    Energy consumption
    Optimization of energy usage
    Starting and stopping
    Other varieties of gait
    Changes in Gait with Age

    Chapter 3 Pathological and other abnormal gaits
    Specific gait abnormalities
    Walking aids
    Treadmill gait

    Chapter 4 Methods of gait analysis
    Visual gait analysis
    Temporal and Spatial Parameters during Gait
    Measurement of Temporal and Spatial Parameters during Gait
    Camera Based Motion Analysis
    Active marker systems
    Gyroscopes, Magnetic Fields and Motion Capture Suits
    Measuring Force and Pressure
    Pressure beneath the foot
    Measuring Muscle Activity
    Measuring Energy Expenditure
    Combined kinetic/kinematic systems

    Chapter 5 Applications of gait analysis
    Clinical gait assessment
    Conditions benefiting from gait assessment
    Future developments

    Chapter 6 Gait assessment of neurological diseases
    Gait assessment in Cerebral palsy
    Gait assessment in Stroke
    Gait assessment in Parkinson’s disease
    Gait assessment in Muscular dystrophy

    Chapter 7 Gait analysis in musculoskeletal conditions and prosthetics and orthotics
    Total hip replacement
    Gait analysis in knee osteoarthritis
    High tibial knee osteotomy
    Prosthetics and orthotics
    Amputee gait
    Orthotic gait



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