Volumetric Leak Detection Methods for Underground Fuel Storage Tanks
This report summarizes the technical findings of an EPA study which evaluated the viability of volumetric tanks tests as a means of detecting leaks in underground storage tanks.View full description
This report summarizes the technical findings of an EPA study which evaluated the viability of volumetric tanks tests as a means of detecting leaks in underground storage tanks. It explains the accuracy requirements specified in the EPA regulations concerning the testing of underground storage tanks for leaks, and presents information on which methods meet these regulations.
- Published: December 1990
- Imprint: WILLIAM ANDREW
- ISBN: 978-0-8155-1230-1
Table of Contents1. Introduction2. The EPA Program3. Types of Volumetric Tank Tests Constant-Level Tests Variable-Level Tests4. Volumetric Tank Testing5. Conducting a Volumetric Tank Test Preparation Testing Analysis6. Performance7. Results of the Edison Evaluation Evaluation Approach Quantitative Performance Estimates Basis for the Performance Estimates Partially-Filled-Tank Tests Overfilled-Tank Tests/Nearly Constant Level Overfilled-Tank Tests/Variable Level Methods Which Could Not Be Evaluated Summary of Test Results8. Applying the Results9. Checklist for Good Performance10. References11. GlossaryPART II: Evaluation of Leak Detection Methods1. Introduction 1.1 Objectives 1.2 Regulatory Needs 1.3 Volumetric Test Methods 1.4 Definition of Test Method Performance 1.5 Evaluation Approach 1.6 Underground Storage Tank Test Apparatus 1.7 Industry Participation 1.8 How to Use this Report2. Conclusions3. Recommendations4. Overview of Volumetric Precision Tank Testing 4.1 Product-Level Fluctuations in an Underground Storage Tank 4.2 Flow Rate Measurements During a Tank Test 4.3 Classification of Volumetric Test Methods 4.4 Major Features of a Tank Test 4.5 Time Required to Complete a Test 4.6 Test Accuracy5. Performance of a Test Method 5.1 Signal 5.2 Noise Histogram 5.3 Signal-Plus Noise Histogram 5.4 Performance Model 5.5 Multiple-Test Strategy6. Performance Simulation 6.1 Experimental Data 6.2 Database Management 6.2 Temperature Database 6.4 Product-Level Database 6.5 Test Methods 6.6 Tank-Test Simulator7. Unit Test Apparatus and Quality Control of Measurements 7.1 Test Apparatus 7.2 Data Quality Objectives 7.3 Development of Data Quality Specifications 7.4 Instrumentation 7.5 Undeground Storage Tanks8. Ambient Noise Experiments 8.1 Product-Temperature Changes 8.2 Trapped Vapor 8.3 Structural Deformation 8.4 Evaporation and Condensation 8.5 Surface Waves 8.6 Internal Waves9. Evaluation Protocol10. Performance of Canonical Test Methods11. Performance of Commercial Test Methods12. Performance ImprovementsReferencesAppendices