Valve-Regulated Lead-Acid Batteries

Edited by

  • Patrick T. Moseley, International Lead Zinc Research Organization Inc., Durham, North Carolina, USA
  • Jürgen Garche, Fuel Cell and Battery Consulting, Ulm, Germany
  • C.D. Parker, North Carolina, USA
  • D.A.J. Rand

For many decades, the lead-acid battery has been the most widely used energy-storage device for medium- and large-scale applications (approximately 100Wh and above). In recent years, the traditional, flooded design of the battery has begun to be replaced by an alternative design. This version - the valve-regulated lead-acid (VRLA) battery - requires no replenishment of the water content of the electrolyte solution, does not spill liquids, and can be used in any desired orientation. Since the VRLA battery operates in a somewhat different manner from its flooded counterpart, considerable technological development has been necessary to meet the exacting performance requirements of the full range of applications in which rechargeable batteries are used.The valve-regulated design is now well established in the industrial battery sector, and also appears set to be adopted widely for automotive duty.This book provides a comprehensive account of VRLA technology and its uses. In the future, all industrial processes - including the manufacture of batteries - will be required to conform to the conventions of sustainability. Accordingly, the crucial areas of the environmental impact associated with the production and use of VRLA batteries and the recycling of spent units are also treated thoroughly.Valve-Regulated Lead-Acid Batteries gives an essential insight into the science that underlies the development and operation of VRLA batteries and is a comprehensive reference source for those involved in the practical use of the technology in key energy-storage applications.
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Battery companies, lead-acid battery users in industry (incl. automotive sector), designers and operators of remote-area power supply systems. University libraries. Researchers based in the following departments: Chemistry, Materials Science, Electrical Engineering.


Book information

  • Published: February 2004
  • Imprint: ELSEVIER
  • ISBN: 978-0-444-50746-4


"an excellent overview of batteries in all their applications. A wide variety of topics are covered in the 17 chapters...we can definitely recommend this book, even though the price of $160 appears to be very high. No developer can afford to miss out on this book as a reference."

ZVEI (Central Association of the Electrical Engineering and Electronics Industry)

Table of Contents

Chapter 1The Valve-regulated Battery ¾ A Paradigm Shift in Lead-acid TechnologyChapter 2Lead Alloys for Valve-regulated Lead-acid BatteriesChapter 3Formation of Lead-acid Batteries and Structure of Positive and Negative Active MassesChapter 4Positive-plate Additives to Enhance Formation and Battery PerformanceChapter 5Negative Plates in Valve-regulated Lead-acid BatteriesChapter 6The Function of the Separator in the Valve-regulated Lead-acid Battery Chapter 7Separator Materials for Valve-regulated Lead-acid Batteries Chapter 8Battery ManagementChapter 9Charging Techniques for VRLA BatteriesChapter 10Battery Energy-storage Systems for Power-Supply NetworksChapter 11Valve-regulated Lead-acid Batteries in Automotive Applications ¾ A Vehicle Manufacturer's PerspectiveChapter 12Valve-regulated Lead-acid Batteries in Automotive Applications ¾ A Battery Manufacturer's PerspectiveChapter 13Valve-regulated Lead-acid Batteries for Telecommunications and UPS ApplicationsChapter 14Remote-area Power-supply (RAPS) Systems and the Valve-regulated Lead-acid BatteryChapter 15Recovery and Recycling of Lead-acid BatteriesChapter 16Environmental Aspects of Recycling Valve-regulated Lead-acid BatteriesChapter 17The Next Great Challenge for Valve-regulated lead-acid Batteries: High-rate Partial-state-of-charge Operation in New-generation Road Vehicles