Ultrananocrystalline Diamond book cover

Ultrananocrystalline Diamond

Synthesis, Properties and Applications

Ultrananocrystalline Diamond: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications is a unique practical reference handbook. Written by the leading experts worldwide it introduces the science of UNCD for both the R&D community and applications developers using UNCD in a diverse range of applications from macro to nanodevices, such as energy-saving ultra-low friction and wear coatings for mechanical pump seals and tools, high-performance MEMS/NEMS-based systems (e.g. in telecommunications), the next generation of high-definition flat panel displays, in-vivo biomedical implants, and biosensors.

This work brings together the basic science of nanoscale diamond structures, with detailed information on ultra-nanodiamond synthesis, properties, and applications. The book offers discussion on UNCD in its two forms, as a powder and as a chemical vapor deposited film. Also discussed are the superior mechanical, tribological, transport, electrochemical, and electron emission properties of UNCD for a wide range of applications including MEMS/ NEMS, surface acoustic wave (SAW) devices, electrochemical sensors, coatings for field emission arrays, photonic and RF switching, biosensors, and neural prostheses, etc.


R&D community (academic and corporate) and engineers in the fields of nanotechnology, materials, thin films, deposition, biomedical engineering, optics, proteomics (protein chip technology in genomics), semiconductors, pharmaceutical, biotechnology and MEMS / NEMS.

Hardbound, 584 Pages

Published: September 2012

Imprint: William Andrew

ISBN: 978-1-4377-3465-2


    1. Advances in synthesis and processing
    2. I.1 Synthesis of UNCD films

      I.1.1 Advances in Synthesis of UNCD and NCD films

      I.1.2 Insight on Nucleation of UNCD films

      I.1.3 Growth of n-Type UNCD

      I.2 Synthesis and Processing of Nanodiamond particles (Danilenko or Dolmatov)

      I.2.1 New methods of Nanodiamond synthesis

      I.2.2 New approaches in synthesis of detonation ND

      I.2.3 Advances in detonation ND deagglomeration and fractionation

      I.2.3.1 Deagglomeration of DND to primary particle sizes

      I.2.3.2 Fractionation of ND into narrow size distribution fractions

      I.2.4 Purification of detonation ND

      I.2.4.1 Purification from incombustible impurities

      I.2.4.2 Deep purification of DND from non-diamond carbon

    3. Advances in surface functionalization (Krueger? Hammers?)

      II.1 Achievements in uniformity of surface groups on DND

      II.2 Demonstration of functionalization of DND with a variety of new surface groups

      II.3 Demonstration of bioconjugation of DND and UNCD\NCD films

      II.4 Functionalization of onion-like carbon

      II.5 Demonstration of formation of hybrid structures of DND and UNCD with other nanoscale materials

      II.6 Methods of incorporation of DND into polymers matrixes and sol-gels

    5. Advances in nanodiamond characterization and new insights into the structure of UNCD and DND


    III.1 Characterization of UNCD

           III.1.1 NEXAFS, etc.

           III.1.2 Charge Carriers

           III.1.3 Nano-indentation

           III.1.4 Laser Ablation

    III.2 Characterization of ND particles

    III.2.1 Doping of ND particles (Shenderova)

    • Studies on N state in ND particles (EELS, EPR, NMR)
    • Studies of NV centers in DND
    • Atomistic modeling

    III.2.3 In depth understanding of types of DND surface groups by TDMS (Koscheev)

    1. Advances in property measurements and emerging applications

    IV.1 Properties and Applications of UNCD

     IV.1.1  Electrical

    - Electronics of UNCD films

    - Field Emission of UNCD films

     IV.1.2  Electrochemistry of UNCD films

     IV.1.3 Mechanical

    - Friction and Wear of UNCD films

     IV.1.4   Thermal properties and thermoelectrics

      IV.1.5   MEMS and Lithography of UNCD films

      IV.1.6   Bioapplications of UNCD films

    IV.2 Properties and Applications of ND particles


    IV.2.1 Optical properties and applications of ND particles (Zvyagin, Plahotnik, Rabeu)

      • Photoluminescence from 5-20nm HPHT ND (Taiwan)
      • Photoluminescence from DND - NV centers
      • Photoluminescence due to surface groups and shells
      • Formation of photonic crystals from DND
      • Quantum magnetometry and quantum computing


    IV. 2.2 Electrochemistry of DND (Holt)

    IV. 2.3 Demonstrations of enhanced properties of ND- polymer composites (Mochalin)

    IV. 2.4 Advances in nanolubricants (Ivanov)

    IV. 2.5 Absence of toxicity of DND (Schrand)

    IV. 2.6 Nanodiamond particles for Nanomedicine (Dean Ho)


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