Tunable Laser OpticsBy
- Frank Duarte
Chapters will provide self-contained treatment of the topic as much as possible to allow the reader to go directly to the appropriate chapter to deal with a particular topic of concern. This sharp focus is necessary to maintain the emphasis, and to make this a practical reference. The knowledge and experience will integrate aspects of laser oscillators, laser amplifiers, laser systems, engineering of rugged laser cavities, design and engineering of laser-based instrumentation, and design of highly reliable laser systems for material processing applications.
A basic reference for engineers and scientists working in the lasers area. Interested individuals will be members of OSA, SPIE and/or IEEE.
Published: August 2003
Imprint: Academic Press
"...a well-organized and well-written book...The reader gains insight and understanding into the selection of components and the trade-offs involved in creating turnable laser optics. I enjoyed the book and commend Francis J. Duarte on another addition to his already impressive resume in optical science" - Optics and Photonics News, July/August 2005
- ContentsPrefaceChapter 1 Introduction to Lasers1. Introduction1.1 Historical Remarks2. Lasers2.1 Laser Optics3. Excitation Mechanisms and Rate Equations3.1 Rate Equations3.2 Dynamics of Multiple-Level System3.3 Transition Probabilities and Cross Sections4. Laser Resonators and Laser CavitiesProblemsReferencesChapter 2 Dirac Optics1. Dirac Notation in Optics2. Interference2.1 Geometry of the N-Slit Interferometer2.2 N-Slit Interferometer Experiment3. Diffraction4. Refraction5. Reflection6. Angular Dispersion7. Dirac and the LaserProblemsReferencesChapter 3 The Uncertainty Principle in Optics1. Approximate Derivation of the Uncertainty Principle1.1 The Wave Character of Particles1.2 The Diffraction Identity and the Uncertainty Principle1.3 Alternative Versions of the Uncertainty Principle2. Applications of the Uncertainty Principle2.1 Beam Divergence2.2 Beam Divergence and Astronomy2.3 The Uncertainty Principle and the Cavity Linewidth EquationProblemsReferencesChapter 4 The Physics of Multiple-Prism Optics1. Introduction2. Generalized Multiple-Prism Dispersion2.1 Double-Pass Generalized Multiple-Prism Dispersion2.2 Multiple Return-Pass Generalized Multiple-Prism Dispersion2.3 Single-Prism Equations3. Multiple-Prism Dispersion and Linewidth Narrowing3.1 The Mechanics of Linewidth Narrowing in Optically-Pumped Pulsed Laser Oscillators3.2 Design of Zero-Dispersion Multiple-Prism Beam Expanders4. Multiple-Prism Dispersion and Pulse Compression5. Applications of Multiple-Prism ArraysProblemsReferencesChapter 5 Linear Polarization1. Maxwell Equation2. Polarization and Reflection2.1 Plane of Incidence3. Polarization of Prisms3.1 Transmission Efficiency on Multiple-Prism Arrays3.2 Induced Polarization in a Double-Prism Expander3.3 Double-Refraction Polarizes3.4 Attenuation of the Intensity of Laser Beams Using Polarization4. Polarization Rotators4.1 Fresnel Rhombs and Total Internal Reflection4.2 Birefringent Polarization Rotators4.3 Broadband Prismatic Polarization RotatorsProblemsReferencesChapter 6 Laser Beam Propagation Matrices1. Introduction2. ABCD Propagation Matrices2.1 Properties of ABCD Matrices 2.2 Survey of ABCD Matrices2.3 The Astronomical Telescope2.4 A Single-Prism in Space2.5 A Double-Prism Beam Expanders2.6 Telescopes in Series2.7 Single-Return Pass Beam Divergence2.8 Multiple-Return Pass Beam Divergence2.9 Unstable Resonators3. Higher Order MatricesProblems ReferencesChapter 7 Pulsed Narrow-Linewidth Tunable Laser Oscillators1. Introduction2. Transverse and Longitudinal Modes2.1 Transverse-Mode Structure2.2 Longitudinal-Mode Emission3. Tunable Laser Oscillator and Architectures3.1 Tunable Laser Oscillators without Intracavity Beam Expansion3.2 Tunable Laser Oscillators with Intracavity Beam Expansion3.3 Widely Tunable Narrow-Linewidth External-Cavity Semiconductor Lasers3.4 Distributed Feedback Lasers4. Wavelength Tuning Techniques4.1 Prismatic Tuning Techniques4.2 Diffractive Tuning Techniques4.3 Interferometric Tuning Techniques4.4 Longitudinal Tuning Techniques4.5 Synchronous Tuning Techniques5. Polarization Matching6. Design of Efficient Narrow-Linewidth Tunable Laser Oscillators6.1 Useful Axioms for the Design of Narrow-Linewidth Tunable Laser Oscillators7. Narrow-Linewidth Oscillator-Amplifiers7.1 Laser-Pumped Narrow-Linewidth Oscillator-Amplifier Configurations7.2 Narrow-Linewidth Master-Oscillator Forced Oscillator ConfigurationsProblemsReferencesChapter 8 Nonlinear Optics1. Introduction2. Generation of Frequency Harmonics2.1 Second Harmonic and Sum Frequency Generation2.2 Difference Frequency Generation and Optical Parametric Oscillation2.3 The Refractive Index in Nonlinear Optics3. Optical Phase Conjugation4. Raman Shifting5. Applications of Nonlinear OpticsProblemsReferencesChapter 9 Lasers and Their Emission Characteristics1. Introduction2. Gas Lasers2.1 Pulsed Molecular Gas Lasers2.2 Pulsed Atomic and Ionic Metal Vapor Lasers2.3 Continuous Wave Gas Lasers3. Dye Lasers3.1 Pulsed Dye Lasers3.2 Continuous Wave Dye Lasers4. Solid State Lasers4.1 Ionic Solid-State Lasers4.2 Transition Metal Solid-State Lasers4.3 Color Center Lasers4.4 Diode-Laser-Pumped Fiber Lasers4.5 Optical Parametric Oscillators5. Semiconductor Lasers6. Additional LasersProblemsReferencesChapter 10 Architecture of N-Slip Interferometric-Laser Optical Systems1. Introduction2. Optical Architecture the N-Slit Laser Interferometer2.1 Beam Propagation in the N-Slit Laser Interferometer3. An Interferometric Computer4. Applications of the N-Slit Laser Interferometer4.1 Digital Laser Microdensitometer4.2 Light Modulation Measurements4.3 Wavelength Meter and Broadband Interferograms5. SensitometryProblemsReferencesChapter 11 Spectrometry and Interferometry1. Introduction2. Spectrometry2.1 Prism Spectrometers2.2 Diffraction Grating Spectrometers2.3 Dispersive Wavelength Meters3. Interferometry3.1 Two-Beam Interferometers3.2 Multiple-Beam Interferometers3.3 Interferometric Wavelength MetersProblemsReferencesIndex