Motivated by international competition and an easy access to high-speed computers the manufacturing and materials processing industry has seen many changes in recent times. New techniques are constantly being devloped based on a broad range of basic sciences including physics, chemistry and particularly thermal-fluids sciences and kinetics. In order to produce and treat massive products, the industry is also in need of a very wide range of engineering knowledge and skill for integrating metallurgy, mechanics, electricity, transport phenomena, instrumentation and computer control.
This monograph covers a part of these demands, namely by presenting the available knowledge on transport phenomena in manufacturing and materials processing. It is divided into four parts. Part I deals with the fundamentals of transport phenomena, including the transfer of momentum, energy, mass, electric and magnetic properties. Parts II and III are concerned with applications of the fundamentals in transport phenomena occurring in manufacturing and materials processing, respectively. Emphasis has been placed on common aspects of both discciplines, such as forming, machining, welding, casting, injection molding, surface processes, heating and cooling, solidification, crystal growth and diffusion. Part IV deals with beam technology and microgravity, two topics of current importance.