Thermoforming of Single and Multilayer Laminates
Plastic Films Technologies, Testing and Applications
For environmental and economic reasons laminates are becoming increasingly important as a replacement for solid sheets and paint finishes in a variety of industries including transportation, packaging, and construction. The processes of film formability in relation to extensive deformation and elevated temperatures experienced in conventional processing technologies, such as thermoforming, are poorly understood by most engineers.
This book starts with explaining the fundamentals of lamination and plastics thermoforming technologies and its current and new developments. It focuses on properties and thermoforming mechanics of plastic films and in particular single and multi-layered laminates including barrier films.The author covers production processes such as Extrusion, Calendaring, and Casting, as well as testing methods such as Mechanical Testing and Impact Testing. He also describes how testing protocols developed for metals can be leveraged for plastic films and laminates, and includes a thorough discussion on methodologies to perform optical strain analysis.Applications in transportation vehicles, packaging including packaging for food, medical and electronics applications, sports equipment, and household appliances are discussed. Safety, recycling and environmental aspects of thermoforming and its products complete the book.
Engineers working with plastics films or products using plastic films (OEM level to the actual part manufacturer of thermoforming) in industries such as Automotive/ transportation manufacturing, Packaging, Plastics Industry, Paint Industry; Personnel involved in testing and QA of products using plastics films, and managers; Academic Institutions
Hardbound, 250 Pages
Published: November 2013
Imprint: William Andrew
1. Introduction to Thermoforming
2. The Thermoforming Process
3. Review of Characteristics of Common Plastics for Thermoforming4. Lamination
5. Mechanics of Materials6. Characterization
7. Application of Laminate Characteristics to Commercial Thermoforming8. Safety, recycling and environmental issues of thermoforming and its products
9. Other Processing Approaches10. Modeling of Thermoforming: A Literature Review
11. Troubleshooting12. New Developments