The Tourist-Historic City
Retrospect and Prospect of Managing the Heritage CityBy
- G.J. Ashworth, Faculty of Spatial Sciences, University of Groningen, PO Box 800, 9700-AV Groningen, The Netherlands
- J.E. Tunbridge, Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, Carleton University, 1125 Colonel By Drive, Ottawa, K1S 5B6, Canada
The original publication of The Tourist-Historic City in 1990 reflected the growing importance of heritage to cities, and cities to the creation and marketing of heritage products, not least within tourism. In response to the continuing rapid growth of interest in this field, the concepts and models it introduced have subsequently been applied by urban planners and tourism managers in many different contexts throughout the world. This extensively rewritten and restructured account of the tourist-historic city takes into consideration the importance of these applications in reformulating and modifying theoretical concepts, developing practical methods of analysis and policy formulation, as well as extending the geographical scope worldwide. Changes in the last decade include not only the growing importance of heritage and associated heritage industries serving many social, political and economic users, but also the expanding role of cultural products within tourism. In addition, the opening up of central and eastern Europe and the export of heritage ideas from western cities to a wider world have emphasised the tension between a globalisation and a localisation of heritage and its expression in the tourist-historic city.
In addition to detailed reworking of conceptual and case material, this book reviews theoretical developments triggered by or otherwise related to the original, extends the arguments into the post-Communist world, and more generally develops them with respect to countries most affected by the 1990s political transformations. The result is a review of the state of urban heritage tourism at the turn of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries in the light of the extraordinary developments during the preceding decade, and of its prospects for the years to come.
For teachers and advanced students in courses on heritage studies, cultural and heritage tourism, and more generally town planning, urban management and policy studies, and cultural policy studies; and practitioners in heritage resource management, urban conservation planning and management, urban tourism management and urban cultural policy.
Published: November 2000
...a new work for there are substantial changes in content, the book is much more attractive in presentation than its predecessor and it is made available by a different publisher... One of the great strengths of this work is its logical structure and clear presentation...they manage to make numerous strong statements, illustrate these with examples and at the same time, avoid the trap of over-generalization. The theoretical parts are illustrated with useful diagrams and case studies contain relevant maps and photographs... While the authors focus on urban areas rather than on tourism
per se, this book should be required reading for all those interested in or responsible for tourism in cities and towns, which include many of the most-visited destinations. It also has much to offer the urbanist and urban planner. It is an excellent example of a work with a strong analytical approach, which is not rooted in quantitative methodologies.
Geoffrey Wall, Tourism Recreation Research
- Preface. Acknowledgements. The Concept: Origin, Nature, Scope. The city between two futures. The dimensions of the tourist-historic city. Conceptual scope and structure. Global scope and selection. The tourist-historic city and theories of social constructivism. The Historic City. Motivations and justifications. The rise of the urban conservation movement. The internationalism of urban conservation. The consequences of success. Delimiting the historic city. The historic city: from form to function. The Tourist City. Tourism and heritage. Tourism and cities. Tourism and heritage and cities. Modelling the tourist city. Modelling the Tourist-Historic City. The nature and use of a model. Establishing the model. Variations from the model. Limitations of the model. Uses and Users of the Tourist-Historic City. Cohabitation and coincidence. The tourist-historic city as a location for urban functions. Coexisting functions of the tourist-historic city. The users of the tourist-historic city. The Planning, Management and Marketing of the Tourist-Historic City. The inevitability of management. Types of planning and management. A geography of planning approaches. Classifying tourist-historic cities. The Management of Monofunctional Tourist-Historic Cities. Resource based historic gems. Demand based tourist-historic cities. The monofunctional tourist-historic city in review. The Management of Tourist-Historic Elements in Large Multifunctional Cities. The context. The big league tourist-historic cities. The second division. The large multifunctional city: convergence. The Management of Tourist-Historic Elements in Medium Sized Multifunctional Cities. General characteristics. European regional capitals: Norwich, Groningen and Kraków. North American 'core gems': Québec City, Charlestown and Savannah. Nurtured tourist-historic city: Ottawa. Constrained tourist-historic city: Pietermaritzburg. Urban revitalisation: socio-economic motivations and the tourist-historic city. The medium sized multifunctional city: a synthesis. Values, Issues and Conclusions. Values, contentious issues and the present perspective. Conclusions for conservation. Conclusions for tourism. Conclusions for the city. References. Subject index. Author index. Place index.