The SGTE Casebook book cover

The SGTE Casebook

Thermodynamics at Work

The Scientific Group Thermodata Europe (SGTE) is a consortium of European and North American research groups developing thermodynamic databases and software to model the thermodynamic properties of metals and other materials. Understanding these properties is critical to improving the processing of metals and their performance in such areas as resistance to high-temperature corrosion.

This substantially revised new edition explores both the theoretical background to thermodynamic modelling and its wide range of practical applications. These applications include the analysis of hot salt and other types of high-temperature corrosion, understanding the loss of corrosion resistance in stainless and other types of steel, the processing of steels, as well as the use of thermodynamics to improve the functionality of materials for microelectronics and lighting applications, and in the analysis of nuclear safety issues. New case studies also illustrate applications to kinetically-controlled processes such as the solidification and heat treatment of alloys as well as the production of silicon and titanium oxide pigment.

The SGTE casebook is a valuable reference for those manufacturing steels and other materials, those using materials in high-temperature applications such as the power industry and in other areas such as microelectronics and lighting.

Hardbound, 488 Pages

Published: January 2008

Imprint: Woodhead Publishing

ISBN: 978-1-84569-215-5

Reviews

  • Thanks to the good introduction and the great number of examples this book is an indispensable help for everyone who wants or has to start working with thermochemical databases., DGG Journal

Contents

  • Part 1 Theoretical background: Basic thermochemical relationships; Models and data; Phase diagrams; Summarising mathematical relationships between gibbs energy and other thermodynamic information. Part 2 Applications in material science and processes: Hot salt corrosion of superalloys; Computer assisted development of high speed steels; Using calculated phase diagrams in the selection of the composition of cemented wc tools with a Co-Fe-Ni binder phase; Prediction of loss of corrosion resistance in austenitic stainless steels; Prediction of a quasiternary section of a quaternary phase diagram; Hipping of Al-Ni alloys; Thermodynamics in microelectronics; Calculation of phase diagrams of the MgO-FeO-Al2O3-SiO2 system at high pressures and temperatures: Application to mineral structure of the earth mantle transition zone; Calculation of the concentration of iron and copper ions in aqueous sulphuric acid solutions as a function of the electrode potential; Thermochemical conditions for the production of low carbon stainless steels; Interpretation of complex thermo-chemical phenomena in severe nuclear accidents using a thermodynamic approach; Nuclide distribution between steelmaking phases upon melting of sealed radioactive sources hidden in scrap; Pyrometallurgy of copper-nickel-iron sulphide ores: The calculation of distribution of components between matte, slag, alloy and gas phases; High-temperature corrosion of SiC in hydrogen-oxygen environments; The carbon potential during heat treatment of steel; Preventing clogging in a continuous casting process; Evaluation of emf from a potential phase diagram for a quaternary system; Application of the phase rule to the equilibria in the system Ca-C-O; Thermodynamic prediction of the risk of hot corrosion in gas turbines; The potential use of thermodynamic calculations for the prediction of metastable phase ranges resulting from mechanical alloying; Adiabatic and quasi-adiabatic transformations; Inclusion cleanness in calcium treated steel grades; Heat-balances and cp-calculations; The industrial glass melting process; Relevance of thermodynamic key data for the development of high temperature gas discharge light sources; The prediction of mercury vapour pressures above amalgams for use in flourescent lamps; Modelling cements in an aqueous environment at elevated temperatures. Part 3 Process modelling-theoretical background: Introduction; The gulliver-scheil method for the calculation of solidification paths; Tiffusion in multi component phases; Steady-state calculations for dynamic processes; Setting kinetic controls for complex equilibrium calculations. Part 4 Process modelling - application cases: Calculations of solidification paths for multi-component systems; Computational phase studies in commercial aluminum and magnesium alloys; Multicomponent diffusion in compound steel; Melting of a tool steel; Microstructure of a 5 -component ni-base model alloy; Experiments and simulation; Thermodynamic modelling of processes during hot corrosion of heat exchanger components; Production of metallurgical grade silicon in an electric arc furnace; Non - equilibrium modelling for the ld-converter; Modelling tio2 production by explicit use of reaction kinetics.

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