The meeting which formed the basis for this book provided a platform for intense communication between experts specialized in oculomotor and skeletalmotor research. This was accomplished by a step by step comparison of the two systems' anatomical organization and their physiological and behavioural properties at different levels of complexity. The more general aspects of motor control strategies are discussed against the background of the demands imposed by sensory inputs and biochemical requirements. The co-operative aspects of eye-head and eye-hand coordination, adaptive control mechanisms and psychophysical phenomena are further issues evaluated in depth. A comparison of this kind serves to stimulate new approaches based on comparative aspects rather than only to provide an update about the state of the art in either field.