The Muscle Test Handbook

Functional Assessment, Myofascial Trigger Points and Meridian Relationships

By

  • Joseph Shafer, DC CCSP DIBAK , Professor of Post-Graduate Medicine, at the School of Social Rehabilitation, Moscow Professor (Honorary) at the Novokusnetsks School of Post-Graduate Medicine, Moscow
  • Hans Garten

Especially prepared for the international audience, the English language edition of this highly successful handbook describes Professional Applied Kinesiology muscle testing procedures. A departure from the classic understanding of muscle testing for weakness and rehabilitation, these procedures can be used for detecting more subtle, functional abnormalities. Included within the chapters are stretch tests and post-isometric relaxation procedures for the hypertonic, shortened muscle. Muscle anatomy and physiology are briefly recapped in order to enhance reader comprehension. The Muscle Testing Handbook describes testing procedures for almost 100 individual muscles in a unique, quick reference, template approach. In close collaboration with Dr. Garten, the German edition has been adapted for the English-language audience by Dr. Shafer, an American chiropractic colleague. This book is ideal for use by manual therapists, physiotherapists, osteopaths, chiropractors, sports scientists and neurology department staff worldwide.
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Audience

Physical therapists, physiotherapists, osteopaths, chiropractors, sports scientists and neurologists

 

Book information

  • Published: April 2013
  • Imprint: CHURCHILL LIVINGSTONE
  • ISBN: 978-0-7020-3739-9


Table of Contents

Foreword

Preface

Manual muscle testing - a modern diagnostic tool

Therapeutic considerations

The muscles

Muscles of mastication: M. temporalis

Muscles of mastication: M. masseter

Muscles of mastication: M. pterygoideus medialis

Muscles of mastication: M. pterygoideus lateralis

Suprahyoid muscles

Infrahyoid muscles

Muscles of the abdomen: M. obliqui abdominis

Muscles of the abdomen: M. rectus abdominis

M. abductor digiti minimi

M. abductor hallucis

M. abductor pollicis brevis

M. abductor pollicis longus

Adductor muscles

M. adductor hallucis

M. adductor pollicis

M. biceps brachii

M. brachialis

M. brachioradialis

M. coracobrachialis

M. deltoideus

Diaphragm

M. extensor carpi radialis (longus and brevis)

M. extensor carpi ulnaris

M. extensor digitorum

M. extensor digitorum longus

M. extensor hallucis brevis

M. extensor hallucis longus

M. extensor pollicis brevis and m. extensor pollicis longus

M. flexor carpi radialis

M. flexor carpi ulnaris

M. flexor digiti minimi

M. flexor digitorum brevis

M. flexor digitorum longus

M. flexor digitorum profundus

M. flexor digitorum superficialis

M. flexor hallucis brevis

M. flexor hallucis longus

M. flexor pollicis brevis

M. flexor pollicis longus

M. gastrocnemius

M. gluteus maximus

M. gluteus medius

M. gluteus minimus

M. gracilis

Hamstrings (ischiocrural muscles)

M. iliacus

M. infraspinatus

Mm. interossei and lumbricales manus

M. latissimus dorsi

M. levator scapulae

Neck extensor muscles

Neck extensors (deep suboccipital muscles)

Neck flexor muscles (deep)

M. obturatorius internus

M. opponens digiti minimi

M. opponens pollicis

M. palmaris longus

M. pectoralis major (pars clavicularis) (PMC)

M. pectoralis major (pars sternocostalis) (PMS)

M. pectoralis minor

Pelvic floor muscles

Peronei brevis and longus

Mm. peronei (brevis and longus)

M. peroneus tertius

M. piriformis

M. popliteus

M. pronator quadratus

M. pronator teres

M. psoas

M. quadratus femoris

M. quadratus lumborum

M. quadriceps femoris

Mm. rhomboidei

Sacrospinal and transversospinal system

Sacrospinal system: M. iliocostalis

Sacrospinal system: M. longissimus

Sacrospinal system: M. multifidus

M. sartorius

M. serratus anterior

M. soleus

M. sternocleidomastoideus (SCM)

M. subclavius

M. subscapularis

M. supinator

M. supraspinatus

M. tensor fasciae latae

M. teres major

M. teres minor

M. tibialis anterior

M. tibialis posterior

M. trapezius (pars inferior, pars ascendens)

M. trapezius (pars medialis, pars horizontalis)

M. trapezius (pars inferior, pars medialis)

M. trapezius (pars superior, pars descendens)

M. triceps brachii and m. anconeus

Neurovascular reflex points of the muscles of the skull

Anterior neurolymphatic reflex zones of the muscles

Posterior neurolymphatic reflex zones of the muscles

Nerves of the brachial plexus and nerve bottlenecks

Nerves of the lumbosacral plexus and nerve bottlenecks

Muscles - organ (meridian) - relation to nutrients

References and further reading