The Life-Cycle of Pharmaceuticals in the Environment

By

  • R. Braund, Associate Professor, School of Pharmacy, University of Otago, New Zealand
  • B.M. Peake, Associate Professor, Environmental Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.
  • Alfred Tong, Doctoral graduate, School of Pharmacy and the Department of Chemistry, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.
  • Louis Tremblay, Ecotoxicologist, Cawthron Institute, Nelson, New Zealand and Senior lecturer, School of Biological Sciences, University of Auckland, New Zealand.

The Life-Cycle of Pharmaceuticals in the Environment identifies pathways of entry of pharmaceuticals into the environment, beginning with the role of global prescribing and disposal practices.

The book then discusses typical levels of common pharmaceuticals and how they can be determined in natural waters such as raw and treated sewage, and in potable water.

In addition, sections examine methods currently available to degrade pharmaceuticals in natural waters and some of their ecotoxicological impacts, along with future considerations and the growing concept of product stewardship.

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Book information

  • Published: October 2015
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • ISBN: 978-1-907568-25-1


Table of Contents

Prescribing practices of pharmaceuticals; Disposal practices of pharmaceuticals; Pharmaceutical levels detected within natural waters; Removal and degradation of pharmaceuticals in natural waters; Environmental impact; Conclusions/future policies.