The Grouting Handbook book cover

The Grouting Handbook

A Step-by-Step Guide for Foundation Design and Machinery Installation

Minimize loss of revenue and the downtime of critical assets by avoiding foundation cracking, poor bonds, and initial alignment changes. After their successful introduction as a maintenance material, machinery grouts are now being used for equipment placement in new construction. While certainly suitable for both markets and applications, a successful installation depends on proper grout selection, application, foundation preparation, and forming methods. Therefore, guidelines on their uses and limitations are needed for engineers and maintenance personnel.

Based on 45 years of field experience, The Grouting Handbook collects a vast amount of information into a practical and user-friendly reference for mechanical and civil engineers. The book focuses on four basic elements of grouting:

  • The soil and its load-carrying capability;
  • The foundation and its mass, design, concrete mix, installation and curing procedures;
  • Anchor bolt technology, design and installation;
  • Epoxy grout comparison, material selection and installation.

From the ground up, The Grouting Handbook takes you step by step through the grouting process. Clear, straightforward directions give you details on preparing the foundation and surface and selecting the best material and method. Comprehensive yet concise, this is a convenient handbook for veteran and rookie engineers alike.

Audience
Civil Engineers, Construction Engineers, Construction Managers, Structural Engineers, Geotechnical Engineers

Hardbound, 222 Pages

Published: June 2013

Imprint: Elsevier

ISBN: 978-0-12-416585-4

Contents

  • Chapter 1, The Foundation
    The Initial Machinery Foundation Design,
    Reciprocating Compressor and Engine Foundations,
    Skid-Mounted Equipment Foundations,
    Foundations for Centrifugal Pumps,
    Foundation Mass to Equipment Weight Ratio for Pumps,
    Soil Conditions,
    Concrete for the Foundation,
    Adding Water to the Concrete Mix at the Job Site,
    The Concrete Mix,
    Concrete Add-Mixtures,
    Placing Concrete in Hot Weather,
    Pouring Concrete in Cold Weather,
    Concrete Curing for Machinery Foundations,
    Methods for Curing Concrete,
    Types of Portland cement,
    Contamination of the Foundation,
    Guidelines for Use of Epoxy Grout on Oil-Saturated Concrete,
    The Acceptable Moisture Content in Concrete, or How Soon Can We Pour the Epoxy Grout on the New Concrete?

    Chapter 2 Anchor Bolts
    The Basics of Anchor Bolts,
    Measuring Equipment Pull-Down at the Anchor Bolts,
    Determination of Anchor Bolt Pullout Strengths,
    Machinery Reliability Starts with the Anchor Bolts,
    How Anchor Bolts Behave,
    Conventional Procedures for Achieving Initial Anchor Bolt Tension,
    Types of Material Normally Used for Anchor Bolts of 1½” in. Diameter,
    Typical Ways of Applying, or Measuring, Anchor Bolt Preload or Tension,
    Seven Possible Causes of Loss of Preload in Anchor Bolts,
    Bolt Tensioning Devices Currently Available,
    The Easy Way to Observe and Monitor Anchor Bolt Preload, both Initial and Residual,
    Load-Generating Washers,
    Ultimate Systems,
    Proper Anchor Bolt Tensioning,
    The Following Are Rules of Thumb for Anchor Bolt Tensioning,
    "Is It Safer to Over-Tighten an Anchor Bolt Than To Under-Tighten It?"

    Chapter 3 Cement Grout
    A Comparison between Epoxy and Cement Grouts, or Which Product Should We Use?
    Merits of Epoxy Grouts versus Cement Grouts,
    Cementious Grouts: Cement Grouting in Real Life,
    Concrete Surface Preparation,
    Temperature,
    Mixing Cement Grout,
    Placing and Curing,
    Cement Grouting in Hot Weather,
    Recommended Temperature Guidelines for Hot Weather,
    When Cooling Cannot Be Accomplished,
    Cement Grouting in Cold Weather,
    Recommended Temperature Guidelines for Cold Weather,

    Chapter 4 Epoxy Grout
    An Introduction to Epoxies,
    The Chemistry of Epoxy Grout,
    General Characteristics of Epoxy Grouts,
    Terminology,
    Conclusion, General Installation Procedures for Epoxy Grout,
    Concrete Temperature,
    Ambient Temperature and Its Effect on Epoxy Grout,
    Epoxy Grouting in Cold Weather,
    Epoxy Grouting in Hot Weather,
    Epoxy Grout Flow versus Clearance,

    Chapter 5 Selecting an Epoxy Grout

    Chapter 6 The Use of Rebar and Expansion Joints in Epoxy Grout
    Edgelifting: Cause and Cure,
    Why and When To Use Expansion Joints in Epoxy Grout,
    Suggested Expansion Joint Locations and Basic Construction Material,
    The Secondary Seal,
    The Primary Seal,
    Mixing Elastomeric Epoxy Expansion Joint Compound and Sand, 
    Other Methods for Expansion Joint Design,


    Chapter 7 Cracking in Epoxy Grout
    Thermal Stress Cracks,
    Mechanical Stress Cracks,
    Vertical Cracks,
    Horizontal Cracks,


    Chapter 8 Making Deep Pours with Epoxy Grout
    Grout and Concrete Removal,
    Grout Placement,
    What Is the Possibility of Cracking?
    Is Making Deep Pours with Epoxy Grout Too Costly?
    Surface Preparation of Concrete and Steel

    Chapter 9 Surface Preparation of Concrete and Steel
    Surface Preparation of Concrete for Grouting,
    The Preparation of a Steel Surface,
    How Well Is the Primer Bonded to the Steel Plate or Machine Base?
    How Clean Does the Primer Surface Need To Be When the Grout Is Poured Against It?

    Chapter 10 Pressure Grouting
    Pressure Grouting Machinery Base Plates to Eliminate Voids,

    Chapter 11 Pump Grouting
    The Different Ways of Grouting API and ANSI Pump Bases,
    Conventional Epoxy Grouting of Pump Baseplates,
    Pre-grouting of API and ANSI Style Pump Baseplates,

    Chapter 12 Skid Grouting
    Conventional Grouting of Skid-Mounted Equipment,
    Is the Epoxy Grout Compatible with the Paint on the Skid?
    Manpower Requirements for Mixing and Pouring Epoxy Grout,
    Pour the Grout and Set the Skid,
    Skid Chocking,

    Chapter 13 Epoxy Chocking
    Epoxy Chocking,
    Epoxy Chock Configuration,

    Chapter 14 Grouting Specifications
    Machinery Grout Specifications,
    The OEM Grouting Specifications,
    The E&C Firm Specifications,
    End User Specifications,
    Material Specifications and Procedures for Epoxy Grouting or Chocking of Reciprocating Engines and Compressors,
    Material Specifications and Procedures for Epoxy Grouting of API and ANSI Pump Baseplates,
    Material Specifications and Procedures for Epoxy Grouting of Baseplates, Rails, or Soleplates,
    Material Specifications and Procedures for Full Bed Epoxy Grouting for the Skid Section of Mechanical Equipment,
    General Specifications for Epoxy Injection of Grouted Baseplates,

    Chapter 15 Drawings Only

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