The Grid 2

Blueprint for a New Computing Infrastructure

Edited by

  • Ian Foster, Argonne National Laboratory
  • Carl Kesselman, University of Southern California

The Grid is an emerging infrastructure that will fundamentally change the way we think about-and use-computing. The word Grid is used by analogy with the electric power grid, which provides pervasive access to electricity and has had a dramatic impact on human capabilities and society. Many believe that by allowing all components of our information technology infrastructure-computational capabilities, databases, sensors, and people-to be shared flexibly as true collaborative tools the Grid will have a similar transforming effect, allowing new classes of applications to emerge. -From the Preface In 1998, Ian Foster and Carl Kesselman introduced a whole new concept in computing with the first edition of this book. Today there is a broader and deeper understanding of the nature of the opportunities offered by Grid computing and the technologies needed to realize those opportunities. In Grid 2, the editors reveal the revolutionary impact of large-scale resource sharing and virtualization within science and industry, the intimate relationships between organization and resource sharing structures and the new technologies required to enable secure, reliable, and efficient resource sharing on large scale.Foster and Kesselman have once again assembled a team of experts to present an up-to-date view of Grids that reports on real experiences and explains the available technologies and new technologies emerging from labs, companies and standards bodies. Grid 2, like its predecessor, serves as a manifesto, design blueprint, user guide and research agenda for future Grid systems.
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computing executives and strategists, system designers, technical professionals, academics, graduate students in distributed parallel computing and grid computing


Book information

  • Published: November 2003
  • ISBN: 978-1-55860-933-4


I am struck by the increased emphasis on applications---50% more pages and 4 times the number of chapters---than in the first edition. There is also more material on developing standards, policy, and management. These are true signs of a maturing technology. I hold firm that the Grid will have significant impact on more aspects and segments of IT than the designers originally conceived. The rich experiences in this book will convince the reader as well —Shane Robison, Executive Vice President and Chief Strategy & Technology Officer, Hewlett-Packard The "doing of science" s at an inflection point: Computation, collaboration, visualization and smart storage lie at the heart of what science in the 21st century requires. This extremely readable collection provides a detailed roadmap for creating a global platform that enables this transformation. Most fascinating, to me, is how the Grid creates a technical artifact around which the social practices of science will evolve. Cultures form around artifacts,which is why this book is so important. —John Seely Brown, Former Chief Scientist of Xerox and Director of its Palo Alto Research Center (PARC), co-author of The Social Life of Information, HBSP 2000 The Grid, 2nd Edition, extends a vision and agenda for another decade. The Grid and web services technologies are enabling pioneering, distributed applications that begin to fulfil the vision. Eventually we"ll look back on the resulting standardization for interoperation as the real revolution. The standards and discipline will enable a new form of software construction, delivery, and even restructure the software industry. —Gordon Bell, Senior Researcher, Microsoft Foster and Kesselman have done a great job in documenting the promises and challenges of GRIDs as they evolve from their distributed computing roots to support the virtualization of applications. —Robert Aiken, Director of Engineering Academic Research and Technology Initiatives (ARTI), Cisco Systems Inc. Do you want to understand why the computer, as we know it today, will become obsolete? If yes, put your money down, and buy this book. I congratulate the authors. —Philip Emeagwali, Scientist and "A Father of the Internet" Since the first edition of this book, the Grid has evolved from vision to reality: it has become a computing and data management infrastructure that is widely used in science and engineering, has a strong industrial support and has a large community of developers and users. The two editors of this book, Ian Foster and Carl Kesselman, played a leading role in this transformation. This new edition of The Grid reflects this change. Like the original edition, it is likely to become the one essential reference about the Grid, as well as an excellent introduction to the technologies that are used in the Grid infrastructure. —Marc Snir, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign For proponents of Grid computing and for the IT community that seeks to apply these ideas, this book will serve as a first class tour of the concept space and the details of its implementation. Guaranteed to be thought provoking and an excellent source of information. —Vint Cerf, Internet Pioneer

Table of Contents

Preface to the Second EditionPart I: PerspectivesChapter 1 Grids in ContextChapter 2 The Scientific ImperativeChapter 3 The Industrial ImperativePart II: FrameworkChapter 4 Concepts and ArchitecturePart III: ApplicationsChapter 5 Predictive Maintenance: Distributed Aircraft Engine DiagnosticsChapter 6 Distributed Telepresence: The NEESgrid Earthquake Engineering CollaboratoryChapter 7 Scientific Data Federation: The World Wide TelescopeChapter 8 Medical Data Federation: The Biomedical Informatics Research NetworkChapter 9 Knowledge Integration: In silico Experiments in BioinformaticsChapter 10 Distributed Data Analysis: Federated Computing for High Energy PhysicsChapter 11 Massively Distributed Computing: Virtual Screening on a Desktop GridChapter 12 Enterprise Resource Management: Applications in Research and IndustryChapter 13 Interactivity with Scalability: Infrastructure for Multiplayer GamesChapter 14 Service Virtualization: Infrastructure and ApplicationsChapter 15 Group-Oriented Collaboration: The Access Grid Collaboration SystemChapter 16 Collaborative Science: Astrophysics Requirements and ExperiencesPart IV: ArchitectureChapter 17 The Open Grid Services Architecture Chapter 18 Resource and Service ManagementChapter 19 Building Reliable Clients and ServicesChapter 20 Instrumentation and MonitoringChapter 21 Security for Virtual Organizations: Federating Trust and Policy Domains Part V Data and KnowledgeChapter 22 Data Access, Integration and ManagementChapter 23 Enhancing Services and Applications with Knowledge and Semantics Part VI: Tools Chapter 24 Application-Level tools Chapter 25 Languages, Compilers, and Runtime SystemChapter 26 Application Tuning and Adaptation Part VII: Infrastructure Chapter 27 Production Deployment: Experiences and Recommendations Chapter 28 Computing Elements Chapter 29 Peer-to-Peer Technologies Chapter 30 Network InfrastructureChapter 31 Bibliography