The Flagellar World book cover

The Flagellar World

Electron Microscopic Images of Bacterial Flagella and Related Surface Structures

The Flagellar World is a unique publication. The product of years of research and data collection by the author, this book is a pictorial guide to flagella in a variety of organisms. Each EM image is accompanied by a short description of the system in each organism. These never-before-seen pictures represent a wide variety of flagella, including Legionella pneumophila, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and many others. Researchers in microbiology, immunology, and parasitology will find this a fascinating and useful resource.


researchers in microbiology, immunology and parasitology


Paperback, 160 Pages

Published: January 2014

Imprint: Academic Press

ISBN: 978-0-12-417234-0


  • Preface
    Basic knowledge about Flagella
    Flagellar structure
    Flagellar genetics
    EM techniques for flagella study

    Actinoplanes missouriensis: Swimming spores with flagella
    Aliivibrio fisherei: Light-organ symbiont in the bobtail squid
    Azospirillum brasilense: A bushy hook of the polar flagellum
    Bacillus subtilis: The representative of Gram-positive bacteria
    Bdellovibrio bacterovorus: A small but fierce predator
    Borrelia burgdorferi: Periplasmic flagella in a flat wave body
    Bradyrhizobium japonicum: The nitrogen-fixer in the peanut farm
    Caulobacter crescentus: Alteration between flagellum and stalk
    Enterococcus casseliflavus: Edible flagella
    Escherichia coli: The representative of Gram-negative bacteria
    Geobacillus kaustophilus: The heat- and acid-stable flagella
    Gluconobacter oxydans: vinegar producing bacteria
    Helicobacter pylori: Randomly arranged flagellar genes
    Idiomarina loichensis: A habitat of deep-sea volcano
    Legionella pneumophila: Opportunistic pathogen in public bath
    Magnetospirillum magnetotacticum: High-quality magnet in the pond
    Paenibacillus alvei: Flagella-dependent social motility
    Pectobacterium carotovorum: Sub-polar hyper-flagella
    Pseudomonas aeruginosa: Opportunistic pathogen in the hospital
    Ralstonia solanacearum: Ubiquitous plant pathogen
    Rhodobacter sphaeroides: A resourceful little bug
    Ruegeria sp.: A fast swimmer in the sea
    Saccharophagus degradans : The seaweed eater
    Salmonella enterica: The best studied flagella
    Selenomonas ruminantium: The authentic lateral flagella
    Sinorhizobium meliloti: A nitrogen fixer in the grassland
    Symbiobacterium thermophilum: A Gram-negative high (G+C) Firmicutes
    Vibrio parahaemolitycuss: Polar/lateral flagella with H+/Na+ motor
    Xanthomonas oryzae: Pathogen in a rice country
    Uncharacterized species: Slowly-growing bacteria

    Buchnera aphidicola: Flagella not for motility
    Methanococcus voltae: Archaeal flagella or Archaellum
    Myxococcus xanthus: Either social or adventurous
    Saprospira grandis: A grand predator on the seashore
    Shigella flexneri: Flagella-less E.coli

    Flagellar family
    Protocol for purification of intact flagella
    EM techniques for observation of flagella



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