The Flagellar World

Electron Microscopic Images of Bacterial Flagella and Related Surface Structures


  • Shin-Ichi Aizawa, Prefectural University of Hiroshima, Department of Life Sciences, Hiroshima, Japan

The Flagellar World is a unique publication. The product of years of research and data collection by the author, this book is a pictorial guide to flagella in a variety of organisms. Each EM image is accompanied by a short description of the system in each organism. These never-before-seen pictures represent a wide variety of flagella, including Legionella pneumophila, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and many others. Researchers in microbiology, immunology, and parasitology will find this a fascinating and useful resource.
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researchers in microbiology, immunology and parasitology



Book information

  • Published: January 2014
  • ISBN: 978-0-12-417234-0

Table of Contents

Basic knowledge about Flagella
Flagellar structure
Flagellar genetics
EM techniques for flagella study

Actinoplanes missouriensis: Swimming spores with flagella
Aliivibrio fisherei: Light-organ symbiont in the bobtail squid
Azospirillum brasilense: A bushy hook of the polar flagellum
Bacillus subtilis: The representative of Gram-positive bacteria
Bdellovibrio bacterovorus: A small but fierce predator
Borrelia burgdorferi: Periplasmic flagella in a flat wave body
Bradyrhizobium japonicum: The nitrogen-fixer in the peanut farm
Caulobacter crescentus: Alteration between flagellum and stalk
Enterococcus casseliflavus: Edible flagella
Escherichia coli: The representative of Gram-negative bacteria
Geobacillus kaustophilus: The heat- and acid-stable flagella
Gluconobacter oxydans: vinegar producing bacteria
Helicobacter pylori: Randomly arranged flagellar genes
Idiomarina loichensis: A habitat of deep-sea volcano
Legionella pneumophila: Opportunistic pathogen in public bath
Magnetospirillum magnetotacticum: High-quality magnet in the pond
Paenibacillus alvei: Flagella-dependent social motility
Pectobacterium carotovorum: Sub-polar hyper-flagella
Pseudomonas aeruginosa: Opportunistic pathogen in the hospital
Ralstonia solanacearum: Ubiquitous plant pathogen
Rhodobacter sphaeroides: A resourceful little bug
Ruegeria sp.: A fast swimmer in the sea
Saccharophagus degradans : The seaweed eater
Salmonella enterica: The best studied flagella
Selenomonas ruminantium: The authentic lateral flagella
Sinorhizobium meliloti: A nitrogen fixer in the grassland
Symbiobacterium thermophilum: A Gram-negative high (G+C) Firmicutes
Vibrio parahaemolitycuss: Polar/lateral flagella with H+/Na+ motor
Xanthomonas oryzae: Pathogen in a rice country
Uncharacterized species: Slowly-growing bacteria

Buchnera aphidicola: Flagella not for motility
Methanococcus voltae: Archaeal flagella or Archaellum
Myxococcus xanthus: Either social or adventurous
Saprospira grandis: A grand predator on the seashore
Shigella flexneri: Flagella-less E.coli

Flagellar family
Protocol for purification of intact flagella
EM techniques for observation of flagella