Table of ContentsCauses of Epilepsy:W.A. Hauser, Risk Factors for Epilepsy.Cerebral Dysgenesis:G.L. Holmes, Cerebral Dysgenesis: Overview.W.B. Dobyns, Experimental Models of Cortical Malformations.P.M. Ruggieri, MRI Techniques for the Identification of Neuronal Migration Disorders: Practical Considerations.H.T. Chugani, Role of PET in Detection of Cerebral Dysgenesis.L.B. Rorke, Pathological Aspects of Cerebral Dysplasia.D.R. Fish, Localised Cortical Dysgenesis and Epilepsy.C. Graveline, P. Hwang, T. Fitzpatrick, V. Jay, and H.J. Hoffman, Sturge-Weber Syndrome: Implications of Functional Studies on Neural Plasticity, Brain Maturation, and Timing of Surgical Treatment.P. Kotagal, Tuberose Sclerosis.E. Wyllie and W. Dobyns, Epidermal Nevus Syndrome.H.B. Sarnat and L. Hudgins, Prevention of Neuroblast Migratory Disorders.O. Çataltepe and Y. Comair, Focal Resection in the Treatment of Neuronal Migrational Disorders.H. Holthausen, I. Tuxhorn, T. Pieper, H. Pannek, R. Lahl, and F. Oppel, Hemispherectomy in the Treatment of Neuronal Migrational Disorders.D.W. Roberts, Corpus Callosotomy in the Treatment of Neuronal Migration Disorders.T. Tanaka, M. Kunimoto, K. Hashizume, Y. Yonemasu, and H.O. Lüders, Multiple Subpial Transection in the Treatment of Neuronal Migration Disorders: Basic and Clinical Approaches.Mesial Temporal Sclerosis:H.O. Lüders, Overview.A.S. Harvey, The Role of Febrile Convulsions in Mesial Temporal Sclerosis.H.K. Wolf and I. Blümcke, Pathological Findings in Mesial Temporal Sclerosis.P. Kotagal, Seizure Semiology of Mesial Temporal Lobe Epilepsy.G.W. Mathern, Hippocampal Pathophysiology in Experimental Models.T.L. Babb, Hippocampal Neurophysiology in Humans.C.L. Wilson, Neurophysiology of Epileptic Limbic Pathways in Intact Human Temporal Lobe.D.W. Loring and K.J. Meador, Usefulness of the Wada Test in Mesial Temporal Lobe Epilepsy.M. Hoppe, H. Baier, and A. Ebner, Noninvasive Electroencephalography and Mesial Temporal Sclerosis.J. Ross, G.R. Cosgrove, and A.J. Cole, Invasive EEG in Mesial Temporal Epilepsy.G.J. Chelune and W. Loken, Mesial Temporal Sclerosis and Memory Functions.A.E. Thornton and R.I. Naugle, The Utility of Neuropsycholigical Evaluation in Mesial Temporal Sclerosis: Differential Memory Performance Based on Seizure Laterality.C.R. Jack, Jr., Hippocampal Volumetry in Mesial Temporal Sclerosis.T.C. Ng, Y. Comair, and E. Geller, Proton MRS for the Evaluation of Temporal Lobe Epilepsies.S. Raja, Functional Neuroimaging with PET and SPECT in Temporal Lobe Epilepsy.D.D. Spencer, The Surgical Treatment of Temporal Lobe Epilepsy.Postinfectious Epilepsy:L.E. Davis and J.J. Shih, CNS Infections and Epilepsy.A. Sakamoto, V.C.T. Bustamante, E. Garzon, O.M. Takayanagui, A.C. Santos, R.M.F. Fernandes, J.P. Leite, L.M.C. Chimelli, and J.A. Assirati, Jr., Cysticercosis and Epilepsy.E.P.G. Vining, Rasmussen's Syndrome.Posttraumatic Epilepsy:L.J. Willmore, How Does Trauma Cause Epilepsy?A.M. Salazar and R. Ellenbogen, Posttraumatic Epilepsy Prevention.Neoplastic Causes of Epilepsy:H.H. Morris III, Overview.D.R. Fish, How Do Tumors Cause Epilepsy?E.C. Bourekas and J. Perl II, Imaging of Tumors in Epilepsy.R.A. Prayson and M.L. Estes, Dysembryoplastic Neuroepithelial Tumor, Ganglioglioma, and Hamartoma: Are They Distinct Entitities?N.J. Kazemi and G.D. Cascino, The Double Lesion: Dual Pathology and Pathological Correlation.F. Morrell and L. de Toledo-Morrell, Secondary Epileptogenesis and Brain Tumors.O. Çataltepe and Y. Comair, Strategies in Operating on Patients with Tumor-Related Epilepsy.Vascular Causes of Epilepsy:K.P. Vives and I.A. Awad, Overview.D.L.A. Kraemer and J.H. Pizzonia, Vascular Lesions as a Cause of Epilepsy P.C. Van Ness, Pros and Cons of Lesionectomy as Treatment for Partial Epilepsy.M.E. Lancman, Stroke-Related Epilepsy.I. Anand and D.S. Dinner, Epilepsy in Immunological Disorders. Nonhereditary Myoclonic Epilepsy:H. Shibasaki, Overview.J.C. Rothwell, P. Brown, and K. Werhahn, Posthypoxic Action Myoclonus.Metabolic and Toxic Causes of Epilepsy:J.C.M. Brust, Seizures and Commonly Prescribed Drugs.H.W. Moser, Peroxisomal Disorders.J. Aicardi, Pyridoxine-Responsive Epilepsy.J.C.M. Brust, Seizures, Ethanol, and Recreationally Abused Drugs.C. Sansaricq, G. Lyon, and E.H. Kolodny, Seizures in Hereditary Metabolic Disease: Evaluation of Suspected Hereditary Metabolic Disease in the Etiology of Seizures.Neonatal Seizures:S. Kotagal, Overview.A. Hill, Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy in the Newborn.S. Kotagal, Neonatal Cerebral Infarction.S.G. Kahler, Neonatal Metabolic Disorders.M.W. Kline, Infectious Causes of Neonatal Seizures.Psychogenic Seizures:S.J. Stagno, Overview.S.J. Stagno, Etiologic Factors in Psychogenic Seizures.A.M. Kanner and J. Iriarte, Psychogenic Pseudoseizures: Semiology and Differential Diagnosis.T. Betts, Treatment of Nonepileptic Seizures.Genetic Causes of Epilepsy:T.N. Seyfried and M. Todorova, Experimental Models of Epilepsy.L.J. Treiman and D.M. Treiman, Genetic Epilepsies--Generalized.A. Lehesjoki, Progressive Myoclonus Epilepsies.D. Janz and T. Sander, Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy: The Complexity of a Simple Syndrome.Index.