The Ecology of Sandy Shores book cover

The Ecology of Sandy Shores

The Ecology of Sandy Shores provides the students and researchers with a one-volume resource for understanding the conservation and management of the sandy shore ecosystem. Covering all beach types, and addressing issues from the behavioral and physiological adaptations of the biota to exploring the effects of pollution and the impact of man's activities, this book should become the standard reference for those interested in Sandy Shore study, management and preservation.

Audience
Senior undergraduate and postgraduate students in marine biology, researchers in marine and coastal ecology, coastal zone managers

Hardbound, 392 Pages

Published: September 2006

Imprint: Academic Press

ISBN: 978-0-12-372569-1

Contents

  • 1. Introduction2. The Physical Environmentƒ{ 2.1 Introductionƒ{ 2.2 Sandƒ{ 2.3 Wavesƒ{ 2.4 Other drivers of water movementƒ{ 2.5 Sand transportƒ{ 2.6 Interactions between beach slope, waves, tides and sandƒ{ 2.7 Beach indicesƒ{ 2.8 Beach typesƒ{ 2.9 Circulation cells and mixingƒ{ 2.10 Embayments and headlandsƒ{ 2.11 Swash climateƒ{ 2.12 Slopeƒ{ 2.13 Latitudinal effectsƒ{ 2.14 Conclusions3. The Interstitial Environmentƒ{ 3.1 Introductionƒ{ 3.2 Characteristics of the systemƒ{ 3.3 Processes of water inputƒ{ 3.4 Water filtrationƒ{ 3.5 Water table fluctuationsƒ{ 3.6 Interstitial chemistryƒ{ 3.7 The interstitial environmentƒ{ 3.8 Conclusions4. Beach and Surf Zone Floraƒ{ 4.1 Introductionƒ{ 4.2 Benthic microfloraƒ{ 4.3 Surf-zone phytoplanktonƒ{ 4.4 Seagrassesƒ{ 4.5 Conclusions5. Sandy Beach Invertebratesƒ{ 5.1 Introductionƒ{ 5.2 Important groupsƒ{ 5.3 Conclusions6. Adaptation to Sandy Beach Lifeƒ{ 6.1 Introductionƒ{ 6.2 Locomotionƒ{ 6.3 Rhythms of activityƒ{ 6.4 Sensory responses and orientationƒ{ 6.5 Choice of habitatƒ{ 6.6 Nutritionƒ{ 6.7 Respirationƒ{ 6.8 Environmental tolerancesƒ{ 6.9 Reproductionƒ{ 6.10 Aggregations and gregariousnessƒ{ 6.11 Avoidance of predatorsƒ{ 6.12 Phenotypic plasticityƒ{ 6.13 Conclusions7. Benthic Macrofauna Communitiesƒ{ 7.1 Introductionƒ{ 7.2 Samplingƒ{ 7.3 Taxonomic composition ƒ{ 7.4 Macroscale patterns ƒ{ 7.5 Mesoscale patternsƒ{ 7.6 Microscale patterns ƒ{ 7.7 Trophic relationsƒ{ 7.8 Conclusions8. Benthic Macrofauna Populationsƒ{ 8.1 Introductionƒ{ 8.2 Macroscale patternsƒ{ 8.3 Mesoscale patternsƒ{ 8.4 Microscale patternsƒ{ 8.5 Invertebrate fisheriesƒ{ 8.6 Conclusions9. Interstitial Ecologyƒ{ 9.1 Introductionƒ{ 9.2 Interstitial climateƒ{ 9.3 Samplingƒ{ 9.4 Interstitial biotaƒ{ 9.5 Distribution of interstitial faunaƒ{ 9.6 Temporal changesƒ{ 9.7 Meiofaunal communitiesƒ{ 9.8 Trophic relationsƒ{ 9.9 Biological interactionsƒ{ 9.10 Meiofauna and pollutionƒ{ 9.11 Conclusions10. Surf Zone Faunaƒ{ 10.1 Introductionƒ{ 10.2 Zooplanktonƒ{ 10.3 Fishesƒ{ 10.4 Other groupsƒ{ 10.5 Conclusions11. Turtles and Terrestrial Vertebratesƒ{ 11.1 Introductionƒ{ 11.2 Turtlesƒ{ 11.3 Birdsƒ{ 11.4 Conclusions12. Energetics and Nutrient Cyclingƒ{ 12.1 Introductionƒ{ 12.2 Food sourcesƒ{ 12.3 Macroscopic food chainsƒ{ 12.4 Interstitial food chainsƒ{ 12.5 The microbial loop in surf watersƒ{ 12.6 Energy flow in beach and surf-zone ecosystemsƒ{ 12.7 Case study: sandy beaches of the Eastern Capeƒ{ 12.8 Nutrient cyclingƒ{ 12.9 Conclusions13. Coastal Dune Ecosystems and Dune-beach Interactionsƒ{ 13.1 Introductionƒ{ 13.2 The physical environmentƒ{ 13.3 Coastal dune formation by vegetationƒ{ 13.4 Dune typesƒ{ 13.5 Edaphic featuresƒ{ 13.6 Waterƒ{ 13.7 The gradient across coastal dunefieldsƒ{ 13.8 Dune vegetationƒ{ 13.9 The faunaƒ{ 13.10 Food chainsƒ{ 13.11 Dune/beach exchangesƒ{ 13.12 A case study of dune/beach exchangesƒ{ 13.13 Conclusions14. Human Impactsƒ{ 14.1 Introductionƒ{ 14.2 Pollutionƒ{ 14.3 Recreational activitiesƒ{ 14.4 Global warmingƒ{ 14.5 Direct human pressureƒ{ 14.6 Altering the landscapeƒ{ 14.7 Natural impactsƒ{ 14.8 Human influence on the evolution of beachesƒ{ 14.9 Conclusions15. Coastal Zone Managementƒ{ 15.1 Introductionƒ{ 15.2 The littoral active zoneƒ{ 15.3 Summary of threatsƒ{ 15.4 Principles of coastal zone managementƒ{ 15.5 Management, planning and implementationƒ{ 15.6 Case studiesƒ{ 15.7 Conservationƒ{ 15.8 Conclusions16. Glossary17. References18. Appendicesƒ{ Appendix 1. Measures of beach typeƒ{ Appendix 2. The chemical environment of sediments

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