The Dental Hygienist

The Dental Hygienist's Guide to Nutritional Care

The Dental Hygienist’s Guide to Nutritional Care, 3rd Edition, is specifically tailored to address relevant nutritional concerns for practicing hygienists and dental hygiene students. Authored by a team of leading dietitians and dental hygienists, the text provides you with a balanced and comprehensive view of the field. Besides offering basic nutritional advice relevant for dental hygienists, it also covers current nutritional concerns, such as high-protein diets and bottled water versus tap water, and fully incorporates the most recent MyPyramid recommendations from the 2005 Dietary Guidelines for Americans. The full-color text is packed with study aids such as Key Terms and Learning Objectives, and the online Evolve website provides interactive learning activities. The Dental Hygienist’s Guide to Nutritional Care really has it all.

Book, 464 Pages

Published: April 2009

Imprint: Saunders

ISBN: 978-1-4557-3632-4

Contents

  • PART I: ORIENTATION TO BASIC NUTRITION

    CHAPTER 1: Overview of Healthy Eating Habits

    BASIC NUTRITION

    PHYSIOLOGICAL FUNCTIONS OF NUTRIENTS

    BASIC CONCEPTS OF NUTRITION

    GOVERNMENT NUTRITION CONCERNS

    NUTRIENT RECOMMENDATIONS: DIETARY REFERENCE INTAKES (DRIs)

    FOOD GUIDANCE SYSTEMS FOR AMERICANS

    DIETARY GUIDELINES FOR AMERICANS

    FOOD PYRAMID SYSTEM

    OTHER FOOD GUIDES

    NUTRITION LABELING


    CHAPTER 2: The Alimentary Canal: Digestion and Absorption

    PHYSIOLOGY OF THE GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT

    ORAL CAVITY

    ESOPHAGUS

    GASTRIC DIGESTION

    SMALL INTESTINE

    LARGE INTESTINE


    CHAPTER 3: Carbohydrate: The Efficient Fuel

    CLASSIFICATION

    PHYSIOLOGICAL ROLES

    REQUIREMENTS

    SOURCES

    HYPER-STATES AND HYPO-STATES

    SUGAR SUBSTITUTES


    CHAPTER 4: Protein: The Cellular Foundation

    AMINO ACIDS

    CLASSIFICATION

    PHYSIOLOGICAL ROLES

    REQUIREMENTS

    SOURCES

    UNDERCONSUMPTION AND HEALTH-RELATED PROBLEMS

    OVERCONSUMPTION AND HEALTH-RELATED PROBLEMS


    CHAPTER 5: Lipids: The Condensed Energy

    CLASSIFICATION

    CHEMICAL STRUCTURE

    CHARACTERISTICS OF FATTY ACIDS

    COMPOUND LIPIDS

    CHOLESTEROL

    PHYSIOLOGICAL ROLES

    DIETARY FATS AND DENTAL HEALTH

    DIETARY REQUIREMENTS

    SOURCES

    OVERCONSUMPTION AND HEALTH-RELATED PROBLEMS

    UNDERCONSUMPTION AND HEALTH-RELATED PROBLEMS

    FAT REPLACERS


    CHAPTER 6: Utilization of the Energy Nutrients: Metabolism and Balance

    METABOLISM

    THE ROLE OF THE LIVER

    THE ROLE OF THE KIDNEYS

    CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM

    PROTEIN METABOLISM

    LIPID METABOLISM

    ALCOHOL METABOLISM

    METABOLIC INTERRELATIONSHIPS

    METABOLIC ENERGY

    BASAL METABOLIC RATE (BMR)

    TOTAL ENERGY REQUIREMENTS

    ENERGY BALANCE


    CHAPTER 7: Vitamins Required for Calcified Structures

    OVERVIEW OF VITAMINS

    VITAMIN A (RETINOL, CAROTENE)

    VITAMIN D (CALCIFEROL)

    VITAMIN E (TOCOPHEROL)

    VITAMIN K

    VITAMIN C (ASCORBIC ACID)


    CHAPTER 8: Minerals Essential for Calcified Structures

    BONE MINERALIZATION AND GROWTH

    FORMATION OF TEETH

    INTRODUCTION TO MINERALS

    CALCIUM

    PHOSPHORUS

    MAGNESIUM

    FLUORIDE


    CHAPTER 9: Nutrients Present in Calcified Structures

    COPPER

    SELENIUM

    CHROMIUM

    MANGANESE

    MOLYBDENUM

    ULTRATRACE ELEMENTS


    CHAPTER 10: Vitamins Required for Oral Soft Tissues and Salivary Glands

    PHYSIOLOGY OF SOFT TISSUES

    THIAMIN (VITAMIN B1)

    RIBOFLAVIN (VITAMIN B2)

    NIACIN

    VITAMIN B6 (PYRIDOXINE)

    FOLATE/FOLIC ACID

    VITAMIN B12 (COBALAMIN)

    PANTOTHENIC ACID

    BIOTIN

    OTHER VITAMINS


    CHAPTER 11: Water and Minerals Required for Oral Soft Tissues and Salivary Glands

    WATER

    ELECTROLYTES

    SODIUM

    CHLORIDE

    POTASSIUM

    IRON

    ZINC

    IODINE


    PART II: CONSIDERATIONS OF CLINICAL NUTRITION

    CHAPTER 12: Nutritional Requirements Affecting Oral Health in Females

    HEALTH PREGNANCY

    LACTATION

    ORAL CONTRACEPTIVE AGENTS

    MENOPAUSE


    CHAPTER 13: Nutritional Requirements During Growth and Development and Eating Habits Affecting Oral Health

    INFANTS

    DIETARY RECOMMENDATIONS AND GUIDELINES FOR GROWTH (CHILDREN MORE THAN 2 YEARS)

    TODDLER AND PRESCHOOL CHILDREN

    CHILDREN WITH SPECIAL NEEDS

    SCHOOL-AGE CHILDREN (7 TO 12 YEARS OLD)

    ADOLESCENTS


    CHAPTER 14: Nutritional Requirements for Older Adults and Eating Habits Affecting Oral Health

    GENERAL HEALTH STATUS

    PHYSIOLOGICAL FACTORS INFLUENCING NUTRITIONAL NEEDS AND STATUS

    SOCIOECONOMIC AND PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS

    NUTRIENT REQUIREMENTS

    EATING PATTERNS


    CHAPTER 15: Other Considerations Affecting Nutrient Intake

    FOOD PATTERNS

    WORKING WITH PATIENTS WITH DIFFERENT FOOD PATTERNS

    FOOD BUDGETS

    MAINTAINING OPTIMAL NUTRITION DURING FOOD PREPARATION

    FOOD FADS AND MISINFORMATION


    CHAPTER 16: Effects of Systemic Disease on Nutritional Status and Oral Health

    EFFECTS OF CHRONIC DISEASE ON INTAKE

    THE ANEMIAS

    OTHER HEMATOLOGICAL DISORDERS

    GASTROINTESTINAL PROBLEMS

    CARDIOVASCULAR CONDITIONS

    SKELETAL SYSTEM

    METABOLIC PROBLEMS

    NEUROMUSCULAR PROBLEMS

    NEOPLASIA

    ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY DISEASE

    MENTAL HEALTH PROBLEMS


    PART III: NUTRITIONAL ASPECTS OF ORAL HEALTH

    CHAPTER 17: Nutritional Aspects of Dental Caries: Etiology, Prevention, and Treatment

    PREVALENCE

    MAJOR FACTORS IN THE DENTAL CARIES PROCESS

    DENTAL HYGIENE PLAN


    CHAPTER 18: Nutritional Aspects of Gingivitis and Periodontal Disease

    PHYSICAL EFFECTS OF FOOD ON PERIODONTAL HEALTH

    NUTRITIONAL CONSIDERATIONS FOR PERIODONTAL PATIENTS

    GINGIVITIS

    CHRONIC PERIODONTITIS

    NECROTIZING PERIODONTAL DISEASE


    CHAPTER 19: Nutritional Aspects of Alterations in the Oral Cavity

    ORTHODONTICS

    XEROSTOMIA

    ROOT CARIES AND DENTIN HYPERSENSITIVITY

    DENTITION STATUS

    ORAL AND MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY

    LOSS OF ALVEOLAR BONE

    GLOSSITIS

    TEMPOROMANDIBULAR DISORDER


    CHAPTER 20: Nutritional Assessment and Counseling for the Dental Hygiene Patient

    EVALUATION OF THE PATIENT

    ASSESSMENT OF NUTRITIONAL STATUS

    IDENTIFICATION OF NUTRITIONAL STATUS

    FORMATION OF NUTRITION TREATMENT PLAN

    FACILITATIVE COMMUNICATION SKILLS


    APPENDIX A: Glossary

    APPENDIX B: Growth Charts

    APPENDIX C: Sources for Reliable Nutrition Information

    APPENDIX D: Recommended Journals and Newsletters

    APPENDIX E: Comparison of Popular Diets

    APPENDIX F: Answers to Nutritional Quotient Questions

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