The Campanian-Maastrichtian Stage Boundary book cover

The Campanian-Maastrichtian Stage Boundary

Characterisation and Correlation from Tercis-les-Bains (Landes, SW France) to Europe and Other Continents

IUGS Special Publication (monograph) Series 36

The Phanerozoic calendar of the history of the earth is composed of fundamental units called stages. A priority of the International Commission on Stratigraphy is to redefine these stages using a modern approach. This work presents a unique solution to the previously debated and diversified locations of the Campanian-Maastrichtian boundary, providing a precise correlation using the most accepted known time markers. The Campanian and the Maastrichtian are the last two stages of the Cretaceous System.

This volume includes a large amount of previously unpublished stratigraphical data. With the use of uncertainty margins for observations, established by comparison of results obtained by various experts using different approaches for the same stratigraphical tool, a new approach to stratigraphical information was employed. While most of the data have been taken from the recently rediscovered geological site at Tercis, France, data from other sections around the world have been considered. The section studied at Tercis is the best stratigraphical record on Earth for the period of several million years across the Campanian-Maastrichtian boundary.

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Published: June 2001

Imprint: Elsevier

ISBN: 978-0-444-50647-4

Reviews

  • ...I recommend that all stratigraphers, palaeontologists and geologists buy Volume 19 of the series 'Developments in Palaeontology and Stratigraphy'.
    F. Robaszynski, Episodes, 2002

Contents

  • List of contributors. Preface (J. Dercourt). Foreword: Introduction to "The Campanian-Maastrichtian Stage Boundary" (G. S. Odin). Part A. Presentation of the geological site at Tercis les Bains.A1 The past of the geological site at Tercis les Bains (Landes, France) (G. S. Odin, M. A. Lamaurelle). A2 Préhistoire et protohistoire sur le territoire de Tercis les Bains (Ch. Normand, P. L. Odin, G. S. Odin). Annexe 1: Conservation actuelle du matériel préhistorique de Tercis (G. S. Odin). Annexe 2: Sur un nucléus préhistorique comportant un oursin fossile à Tercis (G. S. Odin, D. Néraudeau). A3 Contexte environnemental, intérêt, protection et développement du site géologique de Tercis lesBains (G. S. Odin, J.-M. Dubis, P. Odin). Annexe 1: Sur les oiseaux de l'environnement du site géologique de Tercis (G. S. Odin). Annexe 2: Données botaniques sur le site géologique de Tercis les Bains (J. Laporte-Cru, B. Cahuzac). Annexe 3: Gastéropodes actuels (terrestres et dulçaquicoles) du site géologique de Tercis lesBains (J.-L. Dommergues, G. S. Odin). Annexe 4: Fourmis actuelles du site géologique de Tercis les Bains (A. Lenoir, G. S. Odin). A4 Geology and Late Cretaceous palaeogeography of the geological site at Tercis les Bains (M. Bilotte, G. S. Odin, B. Vrielynck). A5 Outcrops of the geological site at Tercis les Bains (G. S. Odin, M. A. Lamaurelle). A6 The site at Tercis les Bains (Landes), stratotype of the Campanian-Maastrichtian limit: insightsfrom tectonic studies (M. Rocher). Part B. Characterisation, equivocal correlation at Tercis les Bains. B1a Descriptive lithostratigraphy of the Campanian-Maastrichtian succession at Tercis les Bains (SWFrance)(G. S. Odin). Appendix 1: Scanning electron microscopic study of Campanian phosphate from Tercis (M. Lamboy). Appendix 2: Microanalysis of feldspar crystals from the upper Campanian beds at Tercis(Landes, France) (J.-R. Kienast, J. H. Hernandez, G. S. Odin). B1b Microfaciès des sédiments du Campanien et du Maastrichtien de Tercis les Bains (Landes,France) (P.-Y. Berthou, G. S. Odin, E. Antonescu, J.-M. Villain). B1c Interpretative reading of the Campanian-Maastrichtian deposits at Tercis les Bains: sedimentarybreaks, rhythms, accumulation rate, sequences (G. S. Odin, A. Amorosi). Appendix 1: Mn content and sequence stratigraphic interpretation of the Campanian successionat Tercis les Bains (G. S. Odin). B1d Les fossiles du site géologique de Tercis les Bains (Landes, France) (G. S. Odin). Appendix 1: Holothurians (Echinodermata) from the Campanian/Maastrichtian of Tercis (M. Reich). B2a Rapport sur l'analyse des éléments en trace dans le Campanien-Maastrichien de Tercis les Bains(France) (G. S. Odin). B2b Composition isotopique du strontium à la limite Campanien-Maastrichtien; étude à Tercis lesBains (Landes, France) et comparaison avec d'autres bassins (G. S. Odin, L. Turpin). B2c Restes végétaux macroscopiques des sédiments du Campanien-Maastrichtien de Tercis les Bains (F. Baudin, G. S. Odin, J. Dupéron, M. Dupéron). B2d Magnetostratigraphy across the Campanian-Maastrichtian boundary at Tercis les Bains incomparison with northern Germany, the Apennines (Central Italy) and North America;biostratigraphical and geochronological constraints (Z. Lewy, G. S. Odin). Part C. Characterisation, unequivocal correlation; microfossils at Tercis les Bains.C1a Palynological examination of samples from the Campanian-Maastrichtian succession at Tercisles Bains: a preliminary view on spores and pollen (A. Siegl-Farkas). C1b Répartition stratigraphique du pollen et des spores dans le Campanien et le Maastrichtien du sitegéologique de Tercis les Bains (SW France) (E. Antonescu, G. S. Odin). C1c Analyses sporopolliniques dans le Campanien/Maastrichtien de Tercis les Bains (Landes,France)(H. Méon). C1d Synthetic data on spores and pollen across the Campanian-Maastrichtian boundary at Tercis lesBains (SW France) (H. Méon, G. S. Odin, E. Antonescu, A. Siegl-Farkas). Appendix 1: General flora list quoted from the Geological site at Tercis (Landes, France) (A. Siegl-Farkas, E. Antonescu, H. Méon). C2a Palynological examination of samples from the Campanian-Maastrichtian succession at Tercisles Bains: a preliminary view on Dinoflagellata (A. Siegl-Farkas). C2b Dinoflagellate biostratigraphy around the Campanian-Maastrichtian boundary at Tercis lesBains, southwest France (P. Schiøler, G. J. Wilson). C2c Les kystes de dinoflagellés de la carrière de Tercis les Bains (Landes, France) (E. Antonescu, J.-C. Foucher, G. S. Odin). Annexe 1: Description systématique de quelques espèces du site de Tercis (E. Antonescu). C2d Dinoflagellate cysts in the Campanian-Maastrichtian succession of Tercis les Bains (Landes,France), a synthesis (E. Antonescu, J.-C. Foucher, G. S. Odin, P. Schiøler, A. Siegl-Farkas, G. J. Wilson). C3a Rapport d'étude sur la nannoflore calcaire du Campanien-Maastrichtien du site de Tercis lesBains (Landes, France) (M. Bonnemaison). C3b Calcareous nannofossils around the Campanian/Maastrichtian Boundary at Tercis, France (K. von Salis). C3c Calcareous nannofossil distribution in the Tercis geological site (Landes, SW France) around theCampanian-Maastrichtian boundary (S. Gardin, S. Monechi). C3d Optical study of the calcareous nannofossils from Tercis les Bains (Landes, France) across theCampanian-Maastrichtian boundary (M. Melinte, G. S. Odin). C3e Results of the cooperative study on the calcareous nannofossils across the Campanian-Maastrichtianboundary at Tercis les Bains (Landes, France) (S. Gardin, G. S. Odin, M. Bonnemaison, M. Melinte, S. Monechi, K. von Salis). C4a Preliminary study of the benthic foraminifera of the Campanian-Maastrichtian section in Tercisles Bains (Landes, France) (J. Ion, G. S. Odin). C4b Les foraminifères benthiques des affleurements campano-maastrichtiens de Tercis les Bains(Landes, France) (G. Tronchetti). C4c Benthic foraminiferal content of the Campanian-Maastrichtian geological site at Tercis les Bains(France); Synthesis (G. Tronchetti, J. Ion, G. S. Odin). Appendix 1: Remarks on the distribution of benthic foraminifera from Tercis (J. Magné). Appendix 2: List of benthic foraminiferal taxa observed in the deposits from Tercis (J. Ion, J. Magné, G. Tronchetti). C5a Report on a preliminary study of the planktonic foraminifera of the Campanian-Maastrichtiansuccession at Tercis (Landes, France) (M. Caron, G. S. Odin). C5b Planktic foraminiferal quantitative analysis across the Campanian/Maastrichtian boundary atTercis (Landes, France) (J. A. Arz, E. Molina). C5c Planktonic foraminifera from the Campanian-Maastrichtian at Tercis les Bains (Landes, France) (J. Ion, G. S. Odin). Appendix 1: Taxonomy, stratigraphy, and phylogeny of planktonic foraminifera from Tercis (J. Ion). C5d Campanian-Maastrichtian planktonic foraminifera at Tercis les Bains (Landes, France);synthetic view and potential for global correlation (G. S. Odin, J. A. Arz, M. Caron, J. Ion, E. Molina). C6a Ostracodes du Campanien-Maastrichtien du profil de Tercis les Bains (Landes, France) (R. Damotte, G. S. Odin). C6b Ostracodes du site de Tercis les Bains (Landes, France) (B. Andreu). C6c Synthetic data on the Campanian-Maastrichtian ostracode fauna from Tercis (Landes, France) (B. Andreu, G. S. Odin). C7 Campanian-Maastrichtian ophiuroids (Echinodermata) from Tercis les Bains (Landes, France) (J. W. M. Jagt, G. S. Odin). Part D. Characterisation, unequivocal correlation: macrofaunas at Tercis les Bains.D1 Brachiopodes du Campanien-Maastrichtien à Tercis les Bains (Landes, France) (D. Gaspard, G. S. Odin). D2 Gastropods from the Upper Cretaceous geological site at Tercis les Bains (SW France) (H. A. Kollmann, G. S. Odin). D3a Inoceramid bivalves in the Campanian-Maastrichtian of Tercis les Bains (Landes, France) (G. S. Odin with the collaboration of A. V. Dhondt). D3b Bivalve shells in the Campanian-Maastrichtian of Tercis les Bains (Landes, France) (G. S. Odin (with the collaboration of A. V. Dhondt). Appendix 1: Taxa collected from the geological site at Tercis les Bains (S. Freneix, G. S. Odin). D4a Ammonites from the upper Campanian and Maastrichtian of Tercis les Bains (Landes, France);a presentation (G. S. Odin). D4b Report on a preliminary blind test on ammonites collected from Tercis les Bains (Landes,France) (W. J. Kennedy, G. S. Odin). D4c Europe-America connection; palaeontological identification of some ammonites from Tercis lesBains (Landes, France) (G. S. Odin, W. A. Cobban). D4d Scaphitid ammonites of the Campanian-Maastrichtian at Tercis les Bains (Landes, France)(M. Machalski, G. S. Odin). D4e Upper Campanian-Maastrichtian ammonites (Nostoceratidae, Diplomoceratidae) from Tercis lesBains (Landes, France) (T. Küchler, G. S. Odin). D4f Les ammonites spiralées du Campanien et du Maastrichtien de Tercis les Bains (Landes, France) (Ph. Courville, G. S. Odin). D4g The Campanian-Maastrichtian ammonite fauna from Tercis (Landes, France); a synthetic view (G. S. Odin, Ph. Courville, M. Machalski, W. A. Cobban). Appendix 1: Ammonite taxa quoted from Tercis les Bains, Landes, France (G. S. Odin, W. A. Cobban, Ph. Courville, W. J. Kennedy, T. Küchler, M. Machalski).Appendix 2: Biometry on Pachydiscus perfidus and Pachydiscus neubergicus (G. S. Odin). D5a Stratigraphie et écologie des astérides (Asteroidea, Echinodermata) du Campanien-Maastrichtiende Tercis les Bains (Landes, France) (L. Villier, G. S. Odin). D5b Systématique des Asteroidea (Echinodermata) du Campanien et du Maastrichtien de Tercis lesBains (Landes, France) (L. Villier). D6 Echinoids from the geological site at Tercis les Bains (Landes, SW France)(D. Néraudeau, G. S. Odin). D7 Campanian-Maastrichtian crinoids (Echinodermata) from Tercis les Bains (Landes)(J. W. M. Jagt, G. S. Odin). D8 Les sélaciens du Campanien-Maastrichtien de Tercis les Bains (SO France)(H. Cappetta, G. S. Odin). Annexe 1: Systématique des Requins de Tercis (H. Cappetta). D9 Restes de poissons actinoptérygiens dans le Campanien-Maastrichtien de Tercis les Bains(France) (L. Cavin, G. S. Odin). D10 Campanian-Maastrichtian continental-marine connection in the Aquitaine-Pyrenees-Provencearea (S France)(Y. Laurent, J. Le Loeuff, M. Bilotte, E. Buffetaut, G. S. Odin). Appendix 1: Reptilian remains from the late Campanian at Tercis les Bains (Landes) andVanxains (Dordogne)(G. S. Odin, E. Buffetaut, J. Le Loeuff, Ch. Normand, J.-P. Platel). Appendix 2: Stratigraphical location of the dinosaur remains of Tercis (Landes) concluded fromthe study of the calcareous nannofossils of the matrix (S. Gardin). Annexe 3: Ossements de dinosaures dans le Campanien de Tercis les Bains, Landes (P. Taquet, B. Cahuzac, Ch. Normand). Part E. Other sections and global correlation.E1 Le stratotype historique du Campanien, définition, éléments de corrélation (M. Neumann), G. S. Odin). Annexe 1: Liste des principaux affleurements repérés par les foraminifères benthiquesM. Neumann). Annexe 2: Le Campanien de la région stratotypique; conceptions stratigraphiques récentes etnouvelles connaissances regionales (J.-P. Platel). E2 The historical stratotype of the Maastrichtian: a review(J.W.M. Jagt). E3 The Campanian-Maastrichtian boundary in northern Spain (Navarra province): the Imiscoz andErro sections (T. Küchler, A. Kutz, M. Wagreich). E4 A tethyan reference record for the Campanian and Maastrichtian stages: the Bottaccione section(Central Italy); review of data and new calcareous nannofossil results (S. Gardin, F. Del Panta, S. Monechi, M. Pozzi). E5a K-Ar geochronology of the Campanian and Maastrichtian historical stratotypes (G. S. Odin). E5b Géochronologie K-Ar d'un niveau volcanoclastique maastrichtien de Haïti (G. S. Odin, C. Desreumaux, P.-Y. Gillot, S. Gardin, J. H. Hernandez, R. Coccioni). E5c Numerical age calibration of the Campanian-Maastrichtian succession at Tercis les Bains(Landes, France) and in the Bottaccione Gorge (Italy) (G. S. Odin). Part F. Conclusions about the Campanian-Maastrichtian boundary.F1 The Campanian-Maastrichtian boundary: characterisation at Tercis (Landes, SW France) (G. S. Odin). F2 The Campanian-Maastrichtian boundary: correlation from Tercis (Landes, SW France) to Europeand other continents (G. S. Odin). F3 The Campanian-Maastrichtian boundary: definition at Tercis (Landes, SW France), principle,procedure, and proposal(G. S. Odin (compiler) and the Maastrichtian Working Group members). References. Abbreviations and glossary. MWG member/Contributors. Index. Acknowledgements Index. Subject Matter Index

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