Synchrotron-based Techniques in Soils and SedimentsEdited by
- Balwant Singh, Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia.
- Markus Grafe, Senior Research Scientist, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, Division of Minerals, Waterford, Western Australia, Australia.
Over the past 20 years, synchrotron-based research applications have provided important insight into the geochemical cycling of ions and the chemical and crystallographic properties of minerals in soils and sediments. Of particular significance is the understanding of local coordination environments with the use of X-ray absorption spectroscopy. The high flux and brightness of the X-ray beams have allowed researchers to work at environmentally relevant concentrations. The use of focusing mirrors and apertures which allow for mapping and trace particle surfaces, microbes, roots, channels and elements at the micron and at a nano-meter scale in 2 and 3D have also been a great enhancement to science. This book provides the most up-to-date information on synchrotron-based research applications in the field of soil, sediment and earth sciences. Invited authors provide chapters on a wide range of research topics including multiphase flow and transport processes (physical aspects), rhizosphere and microbial life (biological aspects), and dynamics of C, N, S, P and heavy metals and metalloids (chemical aspects). In addition, perspectives on the impact of synchrotron based applications, particularly X-ray absorption spectroscopy, and the role of synchrotron applications in remediation, regulatory, and decision making processes are considered.
Geologists; Geomorphologists; Earth Science Professionals in geological mapping agencies, mineral exploration companies; Hydrologists; GIS practitioners and specialists; Landscape Ecologists; Environmental Planners; teachers and academics
students in upper level geomorphology classes and soil measurement courses; Graduate students in soil science, quantitative ecology, earth sciences, GIS, and geodetic sciences.
Developments in Soil Science
Hardbound, 512 Pages
Published: March 2010
Chapter 1 The Impacts of X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy on Understanding Soil Processes and Reaction Mechanisms
Chapter 2 Practical Application of Synchrotron-Based Hard X-Ray Microprobes in Soil Sciences
Chapter 3 Applications of Microtomography in Soils and SedimentsChapter 4 Synchrotron Infrared Spectromicroscopy for Studying Chemistry of Microbial Activity in Geologic Materials
Chapter 5 Application of Extended X-Ray Emission Fine Structure Spectroscopy in Soil and SedimentsChapter 6 Role of Synchrotron Techniques in USEPA Regulatory and Remediation Decisions
Chapter 7 The Rhizosphere: A Synchrotron-Based View of Nutrient Flow in the Root ZoneChapter 8 Applications of Synchrotron-Based X-Ray Diffraction and X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy to the Understanding of Poorly Crystalline and Metal-Substituted Iron Oxides
Chapter 9 Nitrogen Compounds in Dissolved and Solid Environmental SamplesChapter 10 Organic Carbon Chemistry in Soils Observed by Synchrotron-Based Spectroscopy
Chapter 11 Macroscale Chemical Properties and X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy of Soil PhosphorusChapter 12 Arsenic Chemistry in Soils and Sediments
Chapter 13 Mercury Biogeochemistry in Soils and SedimentsChapter 14 Uranium Chemistry in Soils and Sediments