Surfactants: Chemistry, Interfacial Properties, Applications

By

  • D. Möbius, Max-Planck Institut für Biophysikalische Chemie, PO Box 2841, 37077 Göttingen, Germany
  • R. Miller, Max-Planck Institut für Kolloid und Grenzflächenforshung, Am Mühlenberg 1, 14476 Golm, Germany
  • V.B. Fainerman, International Medical Physicochemical Centre, Donetzk Medical University, 16 Ilych Av. Donetzk 83003, Ukraine

This publication provides comprehensive material on the chemical and physical attributes of surfactants and new models for the understanding of structure-property relationships. Surfactants Chemistry, Interfacial Properties, Applications provides efficient instruments for the prognostication of principal physicochemical properties and the technologic applicability from the structure of a surfactant through the discussion of interrelations between the chemical structure, physicochemical properties and the efficiency of technologic application.
Also included are informative overviews on new experimental techniques and abundant reference material on manufacturers, nomenclature, product properties, and experimental examples. The publication is accompanied by a CD-ROM, which is needed for the application of the thermodynamic and kinetic models to experimental data.
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Audience

For physical chemists, chemical engineers and colloid chemists.

 

Book information

  • Published: December 2001
  • Imprint: ELSEVIER
  • ISBN: 978-0-444-50962-8


Table of Contents

Chapter headings. Selected papers. Chemistry of Surfactants. Nonionic surfactants. Anionic surfactants. Cationic surfactants. Amphoteric and Zwitterionic surfactants. Structure/performance relations in surfactants.Thermodynamics of Adsorption of Surfactants at the Fluid Interfaces. Chemical potentials of surface layers. Interfacial layer model. Mixtures of non-ionic surfactants. Mixtures of ionic surfactants. Surface layers of surfactants able to change orientation. Aggregation of adsorbing molecules. Adsorption of proteins and protein/surfactant mixtures. Penetration thermodynamics. Effect of temperature on the surface tension of surfactant solutions. Equilibrium Adsorption Properties of Single and Mixed Surfactant Solutions.Theoretical models for individual surfactant solutions. Non-ionic and amphoteric surfactants. Ionic surfactants. General features of the adsorption of individual surfactants. Mixtures of non-ionic surfactants. Mixtures of ionic surfactants. Simple model for mixed surfactant solutions. Dynamics of Adsorption from Solutions.General models for adsorption kinetics and relaxations of surfactants. Diffusion controlled adsorption kinetics. Non-diffusional kinetics and mixed models. Non-diffusional kinetics and mixed models. Interfacial relaxations. Experimental techniques. Experimental results on adsorption kinetics. Experimental results on interfacial relaxations. Penetration kinetics experiments.Adsorption from Micellar Solutions.Theory of micellisation. Equilibrium surface properties of micellar solutions. Micellisation kinetics. Diffusion in micellar solutions. Dynamic surface tension of micellar solutions. Dynamic surface elasticity of micellar solutions. Capillary wave studies of micellar solutions. Theory and Practical Application Aspects of Surfactants.Physicochemical bases of surfactant application. Physicochemical bases of surfactant application. Surfactants and control of emulsion properties. Surfactants in multiphase dispersed systems. The use of surfactants to meet the needs of man. Surfactants and civilisation development. Surfactants in novel technologies. Surfactants and environment. Software Tools to Interpret the Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Surfactant Adsorption. Features common to all programs. IsoFit. NonIonMix. IonMix. WardTordai.