Surface Treatment of Materials for Adhesion BondingBy
- Sina Ebnesajjad, Fluoroconsultants Group, Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania, U.S.A; formerly DuPont
This is a unique compilation of surface preparation principles and techniques for plastics, thermosets, elastomers, and metals bonding. With emphasis on the practical, it draws together in a single source technical principles of surface science and surface treatments technologies of plastics, elastomers, and metals. It is both a reference and a guide for engineers, scientists, practitioners of surface treatment, researchers, students, and others involved in materials adhesion and processing.This book describes and illustrates the surface preparations and operations that must be applied to a surface before acceptable adhesive bonding is achieved. It is meant to be a comprehensive overview, including more detailed explanation where necessary, in a continuous and logical progression. This book is intended to be a handbook for reference of surface treating processes. The more technical chapters can be bypassed to study the applied chapters. The text is accessible to readers with a college-level background in mathematics and chemistry, but an in-depth knowledge of adhesion technology is not required.
Hardbound, 276 Pages
Published: June 2006
Imprint: William Andrew
- Part I: Background and Theory1. Introduction to Surface Preparation 1.1 Definition of Surface Preparation, Adhesives, and Adhesive Bonding 1.2 Introduction to Surface Treatment2. Surface Tension and its Measurement 2.1 Introduction 2.2 What is an Interface? 2.3 Surface Tension . 2.4 Surface Free Energy 2.5 Contact Angle (Young's Equation) 2.6 Laplace's Equation 2.7 Effect of Temperature on Surface Tension 2.8 Surface Tension Measurement3. Surface Energy of Solids 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Determining the Surface Energy of Solids 3.3 Equation of State 3.4 Surface Tension Component 3.5 Polymer Melt Method 3.6 Critical Surface Tension 4. Surface and Material Characterization Techniques 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Infrared Spectroscopy 4.3 Raman Spectroscopy 4.4 Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) 4.5 Rutherford Backscattering Theory (RBS) 4.6 Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy (EDS) 4.7 Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) 4.8 Electron Spectroscopy for Chemical Analysis (ESCA) 4.9 Auger Electron Spectroscopy (AES) 4.10 Ion Scattering Spectroscopy (ISS) 4.11 Secondary Ion Mass Spectroscopy (SIMS) 4.12 Mass Spectroscopy or Spectrometry (MS) 4.13 Gas Chromatography (GC). 4.14 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) 4.15 Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) 4.16 Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA) 4.17 Dynamic Mechanical Analysis (DMA) 4.18 Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA).5. Theories of Adhesion 5.1 Introduction 5.2 Mechanical Theory 5.3 Electrostatic (Electronic) Theory 5.4 Diffusion Theory 5.5 Wetting Theory 5.6 Chemical Bonding 5.7 Weak Boundary Layer Theory 5.8 Definition of Failure Modes 5.9 Mechanisms of Bond Failure Part II: Surface Treatment Methods and Techniques 6. Material Surface Preparation Techniques 6.1 Introduction 6.2 General Considerations 6.3 Surface Treatment of Metals 6.4 Cleaning (Degreasing) Metals 6.5 Priming 6.6 Surface Treatment of Plastics 6.7 Methods for Evaluating Effectiveness of Surface Preparation 6.8 Surface Exposure Time (SET) 7. Surface Preparation of Metals 7.1 Introduction 7.2 Aluminum 7.3 Beryllium 7.4 Brass 7.5 Bronze 7.6 Cadmium 7.7 Copper and Copper Alloys 7.8 Gold 7.9 Magnesium and Magnesium Alloys 7.10 Nickel and Nickel Alloys 7.11 Platinum 7.12 Silver 7.13 Steel 7.14 Stainless Steel 7.15 Tin 7.16 Titanium 7.17 Tungsten and Alloys 7.18 Uranium 7.19 Zinc and Alloys 7.20 Weld Bonding Metals 7.21 Conclusions 8. Surface Preparation of Thermoplastics, Thermosets, and Elastomers 8.1 Introduction 8.2 Thermoplastics 8.3 Thermosets 8.4 Reinforced Plastics/Thermosets 8.5 Reinforced Thermoplastics (Glass-Reinforced) 8.6 Plastic Foams 8.7 Surface Preparation of Rubbers 8.8 Thermoplastic Elastomer 8.9 Painted Surfaces 8.10 ConclusionsIndex