Sulfuric Acid Manufacture book cover

Sulfuric Acid Manufacture

analysis, control and optimization

By some measure the most widely produced chemical in the world today, sulfuric acid has an extraordinary range of modern uses, including phosphate fertilizer production, explosives, glue, wood preservative and lead-acid batteries. An exceptionally corrosive and dangerous acid, production of sulfuric acid requires stringent adherence to environmental regulatory guidance within cost-efficient standards of production.

This work provides an experience-based review of how sulfuric acid plants work, how they should be designed and how they should be operated for maximum sulfur capture and minimum environmental impact. Using a combination of practical experience and deep physical analysis, Davenport and King review sulfur manufacturing in the contemporary world where regulatory guidance is becoming ever tighter (and where new processes are being required to meet them), and where water consumption and energy considerations are being brought to bear on sulfuric acid plant operations. This 2e will examine in particular newly developed acid-making processes and new methods of minimizing unwanted sulfur emissions.

The target readers are recently graduated science and engineering students who are entering the chemical industry and experienced professionals within chemical plant design companies, chemical plant production companies, sulfuric acid recycling companies and sulfuric acid users. They will use the book to design, control, optimize and operate sulfuric acid plants around the world.

Chemists, Chemical Engineers, Industrial Engineers, Chemical plant operators, chemical manufacturers; Any researcher, scientist, and student with an interest in sulfuric acid.

Hardbound, 608 Pages

Published: May 2013

Imprint: Elsevier

ISBN: 978-0-08-098220-5


  • "The 2006 first edition has been updated with seven new chapters, and one additional author, Moats…They consider such topics as metallurgical offgas cooling and cleaning, the catalytic oxidation of S2 to S3, the second catalyst bed heatup path, the three catalyst bed acid plant, acid temperature and control and heat recovery, wet sulfuric acid process fundamentals, and the cost of sulfuric acid production."--Reference & Research Book News, December 2013


    1. Overview
    2. Production and Consumption
    3. Sulfur Burning
    4. Metallurgical Offgas Cooling and Cleaning
    5. Regeneration of Spent Sulfuric Acid
    6. Dehydrating Air and Gases with Strong Sulfuric Acid
    7. Catalytic Oxidation of SO2 to SO3
    8. SO2 Oxidation Catalyst and Catalyst Beds
    9. Production of H2SO4 from SO3(g)
    10. Oxidation of SO2 to SO3 - Equilibrium Curves
    11. SO2 Oxidation Heatup Paths
    12. Maximum SO2 Oxidation: Heatup Path-Equilibrium Curve Intercepts
    13. Cooling 1st Catalyst Bed Exit Gas
    14. 2nd Catalyst Bed Heatup Path
    15. Maximum SO2 Oxidation in a 2nd Catalyst Bed
    16. 3rd Catalyst Bed SO2 Oxidation
    17. SO3 and CO2 in Feed Gas
    18. 3 Catalyst Bed Acid Plants
    19. After-H2SO4-Making SO2 Oxidation
    20. Optimum Double Contact Acidmaking
    21. Enthalpies and Enthalpy Transfers
    22. Control of Gas Temperature by Bypassing
    23. H2SO4 Making
    24. Acid Temperature Control and Heat Recovery
    25. Making Sulfuric Acid from Wet Feed Gas
    26. Other New Sulfuric Acid Manufacturing Processes
    27. SO3 Gas Recycle for High SO2 Concentration Gas Treatment
    28. Sulfur-from-Tailgas Removal Processes
    29. Minimizing Sulfur Emissions
    30. Optimum Smelting/Acidmaking Combinations
    31. Costs


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