Special Distillation Processes


  • Zhigang Lei, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing, China
  • Biaohua Chen, Beijing Institute of Chemical Technology, Beijing, China
  • Zhongwei Ding, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing, China

Special distillation processes are required for separation of mixtures close to boiling point or for forming azeotrope mixtures into their pure components. In Special Distillation Processes, the authors focus on latest developments in the field, such as separation methods that may prove useful for solving problems encountered during research. Topics include extraction, membrane and adsorption distillation involving the separation principle, process design and experimental techniques. The relationship between the processes and the techniques are also presented. Comprehensive and easy-to-read, this book provides key information needed to understand the processes and is a valuable reference source for chemical engineers as well as students wishing to branch out in chemical engineering.
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Chemical engineers and scientists, teachers, third and fourth year college students and first year graduates in chemical engineering


Book information

  • Published: February 2005
  • Imprint: ELSEVIER
  • ISBN: 978-0-444-51648-0

Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Thermodynamic fundamentals
1. Vapor-liquid phase equilibrium
2. Vapor-liquid-liquid phase equilibrium
3. Salt effect
4. Nonequilibrium Thermodynamic analysis
5. Multi-component mass transfer

Chapter 2. Extractive distillation
1. Introduction
2. Process of extractive distillation
3. Solvent of extractive distillation
4. Experimental techniques of extractive distillation
5. CAMD of extractive distillation
6. Theory of extractive distillation
7. Mathematical models of extractive distillation

Chapter 3. Azeotropic distillation
1. Introduction
2. Entrainer selection
3. Mathematical models

Chapter 4. Catalytic distillation
1. Fixed-bed catalytic distillation
2. Suspension catalytic distillation

Chapter 5. Adsorption distillation
1. Fixed-bed adsorption distillation
2. Suspension adsorption distillation

Chapter 6. Membrane distillation
1. Introduction
2. Separation principle
3. Transport process
4. Mathematical model
5. Module performance
6. Applications of MD

Chapter 7. Pressure-swing distillation
1. Introduction
2. Design of PSD

Chapter 8. Other distillation techniques
1. High viscosity material distillation
2. Thermally coupled distillation
3. Heat pump and multi-effect distillations
4. Molecular distillation