Special Care in Dentistry

Handbook of Oral Healthcare

By

  • Crispian Scully, CBE, MD, PhD, MDS, MRCS, FDSRCS, FDSRCPS, FFDRCSI, FDSRCSE, FRCPath, FMedSci, FHEA, FUCL, FBS, DSc, DChD, DMed (HC), Dr HC , Emeritus Professor, University College London, UK; Visiting Professor at Universities of Athens, BPP, Edinburgh, Granada and Helsinki
  • Pedro Diz Dios, PhD, MD, MDS, Senior Lecturer, Head of Department, Special Needs Unit, School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Santiago de Compostela, Spain
  • Navdeep Kumar, BDS FDS RCS (Eng) PhD Cert RDP , Consultant in Special Care Dentistry, Eastman Dental Institute, London, UK

This title is directed primarily towards health care professionals outside of the United States. It is comprehensive and concise information source on special care dentistry by the foremost authority on the subject in the UK.
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Book information

  • Published: December 2006
  • Imprint: CHURCHILL LIVINGSTONE
  • ISBN: 978-0-443-07151-5


Table of Contents

1. INTRODUCTION
Definitions
Causes of disability
Access and legal background (Disability Discrimination Act)
Implications of disability legislation

2. APPROPRIATE ORAL HEALTH CARE
Barriers to oral healthcare
Goals
The people involved in providing care
Treatment planning
Consent
Oral health in people with disabilities
Treatment modification

3. SPECIFIC PROBLEM AREAS; ALPHABETICALLY ARRANGED

A
Acromegaly
Addison’s disease
AIDS (see HIV/AIDS)
Alcoholism
Alzheimer’s disease
Amphetamine, LSD and Ecstasy abuse
Anaemias; deficiency (and see specific conditions)
Ankylosing spondylitis
Angina (see Ischaemic Heart Disease)
Anorexia (see Eating disorders)
Anticoagulants (see Warfarinisation and Heparinisation)
Anxiety states
Aortic valve diseases
Arthritis (see Gout, Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis)
Asplenia
Asthma
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Autism

B
Bedbound patients
Bleeding disorders (see specific diseases)
Blind patients (see Visually impaired)
Bone marrow transplantation
Bulimia (see Eating disorders)

C
Cancer (of head and neck)
Cardiac arrhythmias
Cardiac failure
Cerebral palsy
Chairbound patients (see Spina bifida)
Chemotherapy
Christmas disease
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Cocaine abuse
Congenital heart disease
Creutzfeldt Jakob disease
Crohn disease
Cushing’s syndrome
Cystic fibrosis

D
Deafness (see Hearing impaired)
Depression
Diabetes insipidus
Diabetes mellitus
Down syndrome
Drug abuse (see individual drugs)
Drug allergies

E
Eating disorders
Elderly
End of life care
Endocarditis
Endocrinopathies (see specific diseases)
Epilepsy

F
Fallot´s tetralogy (see Congenital heart disease)

G
Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase (G6PD) Deficiency
Gout
Graft versus host disease (GVHD)

H
Haemophilia A
Hearing impaired
Heart transplantation
Heparinisation
Hepatitis (B,C,and D viruses and autoimmune)
Heroin and opioid abuse
HIV / AIDS
Huntington´s chorea
Hydrocephalus
Hyperaldosteronism
Hyperparathyroidism
Hypertension
Hyperthyroidism
Hypochondriasis
Hypoparathyroidism
Hypopituitarism
Hypothyroidism

I
Immunodeficiencies (primary)
Immunosuppressive treatment
Infectious diseases
Inhalant abuse
Ischaemic heart disease

L
Learning impairment
Leukaemias
Liver cirrhosis
Liver failure
Liver transplantation
Lung transplantation
Lupus erythematosus
Lymphomas

M
Malignant hyperthermia (Malignant hyperpyrexia; MH; MHS; King-Denborough syndrome)

Mania
Marijuana abuse
Mitral valve disease
Motor neurone disease
Multiple sclerosis (disseminated sclerosis)
Muscular dystrophies
Myasthenia gravis

N
Neutropenia and neutrophil defects
Nicotine abuse

O
Osteoarthritis
Osteoporosis

P
Paget’s disease
Palliative care (see Bedbound patients)
Pancreatic transplantation
Paralyses (of head and neck)
Paraplegia (see Cerebral palsy and Spina bifida)
Parkinsonism
Phobias
Physically disabled patients (see specific conditions)
Porphyrias
Pregnancy

R
Radiotherapy
Renal disease (chronic renal failure)
Renal transplantation
Respiratory disease (see specific conditions)
Rheumatic fever
Rheumatoid arthritis
Rickets and osteomalacia

S
Schizophrenia
Scleroderma
Sickle cell anaemia
Sjogren syndrome
Spina Bifida
Splenectomy (see Asplenia)
Steroids (Corticosteroids)
Stroke and other cerebrovascular accidents

T
Thalassaemia
Thrombocytopenia
Transplant patients
Traumatic injury to CNS
Tuberculosis

U
Ulcerative colitis

V
Visually impaired
Von Willebrand disease

W
Warfarinisation

4. MAIN OROFACIAL PROBLEMS

Teeth
Trauma
Tooth wear
Caries
Erosion
Periodontium
Periodontal disease
Salivary
Drooling
Dry mouth
Mucosa
Mucosal lesions
Biting
Others
Bruxism
Halitosis
Retching