Space, Time and Number in the Brain book cover

Space, Time and Number in the Brain

Searching for the Foundations of Mathematical Thought

The study of mathematical cognition and the ways in which the ideas of space, time and number are encoded in brain circuitry has become a fundamental issue for neuroscience. How such encoding differs across cultures and educational level is of further interest in education and neuropsychology. This rapidly expanding field of research is overdue for an interdisciplinary volume such as this, which deals with the neurological and psychological foundations of human numeric capacity. A uniquely integrative work, this volume provides a much needed compilation of primary source material to researchers from basic neuroscience, psychology, developmental science, neuroimaging, neuropsychology and theoretical biology.

Audience

Attention and performance researchers from a variety of disciplines - basic neuroscience to psychology, developmental science, neuroimaging, neuropsychology and theoretical biology

Hardbound, 374 Pages

Published: May 2011

Imprint: Academic Press

ISBN: 978-0-12-385948-8

Contents

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    Section I: Introduction to Mental representations of magnitudes
    Mental Magnitudes
    Objects, sets and ensembles
    Attentional mechanisms for counting in stabilized and in dynamic displays

    Section II: Introduction to Neural codes for space, time and number
    Plurality of the brain’s spatial representation system
    Temporal Neuronal Oscillations can Produce Spatial Phase Codes
    Population Clocks: Motor Timing with Neural Dynamics
    Discrete neuroanatomical substrates for feedforward versus feedback mechanisms of temporal prediction
    The neural code for number

    Section III: Introduction to hared mechanisms, links and metaphors
    Synaesthesia: A positive cognitive neuroscience approach to studying time, number and space
    How is number associated with space? The role of working memory
    Biases in spatial and numerical bisection: a causal link?
    Compression of the perceptual metric during saccadic eye movements

    Section IV: Introduction  Ontogeny and phylogeny
    Origins of spatial, temporal and numerical cognition: Insights from animal model systems
    The approximate number system and the computations it supports as evidenced from a non-human primate model
    Origins of generalized magnitude representation

    Section V: Introduction to Development, education and representational change
    Foundational numerical capacities and the origins of dyscalculia
    Neurocognitive start-up tools for symbolic number representations
    Sources of Abstract Concepts:  Natural Number and Natural Geometry
    Geometry as a universal mental construction
    How languages construct time
    Improving low-income children’s number sense

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