Social Anxiety book cover

Social Anxiety

Clinical, Developmental, and Social Perspectives

Social Anxiety Clinical, Developmental, and Social Perspectives, Second Edition, provides an interdisciplinary approach to understanding social anxiety disorder (SAD) by bringing together research across several disciplines, including social psychology, developmental psychology, behavior genetics, and clinical psychology. The book explains the different aspects of social anxiety and social phobia in adults and children, including the evolution of terminology and constructs, assessment procedures, relationship to personality disorders, and psychopathology. It considers most prominent theoretical perspectives on social anxiety and SAD discussed by social psychologists, developmental psychologists, behavior geneticists, clinical psychologists, and psychiatrists. These theoretical perspectives emphasize different factors that can contribute to the etiology and/or maintenance of social anxiety/SAD. Treatment approaches are also discussed, such as cognitive behavioral therapy, exposure intervention, social skills training. The contents of this volume represent some of the best views and thoughts in the field. It is hoped that the breadth of perspectives offered will help foster continued interdisciplinary dialogue and efforts toward cross-fertilization to advance the understanding, conceptualization, and treatment of chronic and debilitating social anxiety.

Audience
Researchers investigating anxiety disorders in general and social anxiety in particular; mental health clinicians specializing in treatment of anxiety disordres; graduate and advanced undergraduate students focused on anxiety disorders

Hardbound, 632 Pages

Published: August 2010

Imprint: Academic Press

ISBN: 978-0-12-375096-9

Contents


  • Contributors

    Introduction: Toward an Understanding of Social Anxiety Disorder

    Delineation of Social Anxiety

    Theoretical Perspectives

    Treatment Approaches

    Conclusion

    References

    Part I Delineation of Social Anxiety

    1. Evolution of Terminology and Constructs in Social Anxiety and Its Disorders

    Introduction

    Overlapping and Contrasting Emotional States

    Definitions

    Diagnostic Nosology Classifications

    Relation of Performance Deficits and Social Anxiety

    Subtypes of SAD

    Cultural and Developmental Considerations

    Coverage Across Disciplines and Subdisciplines

    Summary and Conclusions

    Acknowledgments

    References

    2. Assessment of Social Anxiety and Social Phobia

    The Clinical Interview

    Interviewer -Rated Scales

    Self -Report Measures

    General Measures of Social Anxiety and Social Phobia

    Measures of Theoretically Derived Components of Social Anxiety

    Self -Report Measures for Children and Adolescents

    Role -Playing Procedures

    Thought -Listing and Thought-Endorsement Procedures

    Psychophysiological Assessment

    Summary

    References

    3. Shyness, Social Anxiety, and Social Anxiety Disorder

    Introduction

    Definitions

    Prevalence

    Cultural Influences

    Comorbidity in a Shyness Treatment Sample

    Development of Chronic Shyness

    Individual Differences in Shy and Socially Phobic Individuals

    Characteristics of Shy and Socially Phobic Individuals

    Treatment

    Social Fitness Model

    References

    4. Are Embarrassment and Social Anxiety Disorder Merely Distant Cousins, or Are They Closer Kin?

    The Nature of Embarrassment

    Embarrassment and Social Anxiety Disorder

    Conclusions

    References

    5. Social Anxiety Disorder and Its Relationship to Perfectionism

    Perfectionism and Measures of Social Anxiety in Nonclinical Samples

    Perfectionism in Patients with Social Anxiety Disorder

    Perfectionism in Social/Evaluative Contexts

    Perfectionism and Social/Evaluative Avoidance

    The Effect of Treatment for Social Phobia on Perfectionism

    Summary and Conclusions

    References

    6. Social Phobia as a Deficit in Social Skills

    Introduction

    The Notion of Social Skills

    Assessment of the Social Skills of Social Phobic Individuals

    Skills Deficits and Social Phobia - Direct and Indirect Evidence

    Social Phobia as a Problem in Social Functioning

    The Treatment of Social Phobia as an Antidote to Its Etiology, or, Social Skills Training for Social Skills Deficits

    Conclusion

    References

    7. Relation to Clinical Syndromes in Adulthood

    Comorbidity in Studies Using DSM-III and DSM-III-R Criteria

    Comorbidity in Studies Using DSM-IV Criteria

    Comorbidity Between Social Anxiety Disorder and Other Conditions

    Cross -Cultural Expressions of Comorbidity

    Comment and Future Directions

    References

    8. Avoidant Personality Disorder and Its Relationship to Social Phobia

    Introduction

    Diagnostic Issues Using The DSM

    Review of Early Findings

    Findings from More Recent Literature

    Discussion

    Conclusions

    References

    9. Social Anxiety in Children and Adolescents: Biological, Developmental and Social Considerations

    History and Morphology of Social Anxiety Disorder (Social Phobia)

    Biological Factors

    Developmental Factors

    Social Factors

    The Maintenance of Childhood Social Anxiety: A Cognitive Behavioral Model

    Evidence -Based Treatment of Social Anxiety

    Conclusion /Future Directions

    References

    Part II Theoretical Perspectives

    10.Neuroendocrinology and Neuroimaging Studies of Social Anxiety Disorder

    Introduction

    Neuroendocrinology of Social Anxiety Disorder

    Neuroanatomy of Social Anxiety Disorder

    Integrating Neuroendocrine and Neuroanatomical Studies

    General Conclusions

    Future Directions

    References

    11. Genetic Basis of Social Anxiety Disorder

    Introduction

    Linkage Studies in Social Anxiety Disorder

    Association Studies in SAD

    Association Studies in Traits of Potential Relevance to SAD

    Conclusions

    References

    12. Temperamental Contributions to the Development of Psychological Profiles

    How Many Temperaments?

    Genes and Neurochemistry

    Other Origins of Temperament

    Sources of Evidence

    Variation in Reactions to the Unfamiliar

    High- and Low-Reactive Infants

    Assessment in the Second Year

    Assessment at Four-and-a-Half Years

    Assessment at Seven-and-a-Half Years

    Assessment at 11 Years

    Assessment at 15 Years

    References

    13. Basic Behavioral Mechanisms and Processes in Social Anxieties and Social Anxiety Disorders

    Introduction

    Current Status of Behavioral Theory of Social Anxieties and Social Anxiety Disorder

    Contemporary Behavioral Principles as a Basis for the Further Development of Theories of Social Anxieties and Social Anxiety Disorder

    Summary and Conclusions

    Acknowledgments

    References

    14. Cognitive Biases in Social Anxiety Disorder Nader Amir and Jessica Bomyea

    Introduction

    Attention

    Interpretation

    Memory

    Conclusions

    References

    15. A Cognitive Behavioral Model of Social Anxiety Disorder: Update and Extension

    The Original Model

    Imagery in Social Anxiety Disorder

    Post -Event Processing

    The Combined Cognitive Biases Hypothesis

    Fear of Positive Evaluation

    Emotion Dysregulation in Social Anxiety Disorder

    Implications for the Rapee - Heimberg Model of Social Anxiety Disorder

    References

    16. Social Anxiety, Social Anxiety Disorder, and the Self

    The Self

    Overview

    A Social-Cognitive Perspective

    Theoretical and Research Perspectives on Social Anxiety

    Theoretical and Research Perspectives on Social Anxiety Disorder

    Future Directions

    References

    17. Social Anxiety, Positive Experiences, and Positive Events

    A Self-Regulation Perspective on Social Anxiety

    Social Anxiety and Positive Experiences

    Positive Cognitions Relevant to the Social Anxiety Spectrum

    Biological Markers of Diminished Rewards in Social Anxiety

    Meaningful Heterogeneity in Social Anxiety

    Summary

    References

    18. Social Anxiety as an Early Warning System: A Refinement and Extension of the Self-Presentation Theory of Social Anxiety

    The Original Self-Presentation Theory

    Extending the Self-Presentation Approach: Sociometer Theory

    Social Anxiety and Interpersonal Behavior

    Implications for Treatment

    Conclusions

    References

    Part III Treatment Approaches

    19. Psychopharmacology for Social Anxiety Disorder

    Medication Treatments

    Pharmacotherapy in Children and Adolescents

    Recommendations

    References

    20. Treatment of Social Anxiety Disorder: A Treatments-by-Dimensions Review

    Treatment Impact on Physiological Symptoms

    Treatment Impact on Cognitive Symptoms

    Treatment Impact on Overt Behavioral Performance

    Overall Conclusions

    Summary

    References

    21. Comparison between Psychosocial and Pharmacological Treatments

    Psychosocial Treatments

    Pharmacological Treatments

    Comparison of Psychosocial and Pharmacological Treatments: Meta-Analyses

    Comparison of Psychosocial and Pharmacological Treatments: Individual Trials

    Advantages of Psychosocial Treatments

    Advantages of Pharmacological Treatment

    Novel Therapeutics: Combining “Cognitive Enhancers” with Psychosocial Treatment

    Clinical Implications and Discussion

    References

    22. Mechanisms of Action in the Treatment of Social Anxiety Disorder

    A Model of Social Anxiety Disorder

    Mechanisms of Treatment: Pharmacotherapy

    Mechanisms of Treatment: CBT

    Combined Pharmacotherapy and CBT

    Social Skills Training

    Acceptance and Commitment Therapy

    Other Psychosocial Treatments

    Summary

    References

    Index








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