Sick Building Syndrome

Sources, Health Effects, Mitigation


  • M. C. Baechler, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, USA

This book summarizes information about indoor air quality and ventilation in both new and existing commercial buildings. The quality of indoor air is dependent on the complex interaction between sources of indoor pollutants, environmental factors within buildings such as temperature and humidity, the removal of air pollutants by air cleaning devices, and the removal and dilution of pollutants from inside air by ventilation. The book addresses specific pollutants in the second section.
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Architects, building managers, landlords, regulators.


Book information

  • Published: December 1992
  • ISBN: 978-0-8155-1289-9

Table of Contents

Part I: Sources, Mitigation1. Introduction2. Pollutant Characterization 2.1 Sick Building Syndrome and the Combined Effects of Pollutants 2.2 Volatile Organic Compounds 2.3 Respirable Suspended Particulates 2.4 Biological Contaminants 2.5 Combustion Gases 2.6 Radon3. Ventilation 3.1 Characterization of Ventilation 3.2 Interaction with Pollutants 3.3 Standards 3.4 Characterization of Building Air Exchange Rates4. Mitigation 4.1 Building Commissioning 4.2 Source Avoidance and Control 4.3 Indoor Air Quality Management 4.4 Building Diagnostics 4.5 Mechanical Control of Indoor Air Pollutants5. Energy Conservation Measures and Indoor Air-Quality Implications6. ReferencesPart II: Health Effects1. Introduction 1.1 Definition of Terms 1.2 The NEPA Process 1.3 Selection of Pollutants for Health Effect Analysis 1.4 Study Methodology2. Indoor Air Quality 2.1 The Sick Building Syndrome and Building-Related Illnesses 2.2 Volatile Organic Compounds 2.3 Combustion Products 2.4 Fibers 2.5 Biogenic Particles 2.6 Other Potential Contaminants3. Polychlorinated Biphenyls 3.1 Summary 3.2 Health Effects4. Chlorofluorocarbons 4.1 Direct Health Effects of CFC's 4.2 Health Effects of Stratospheric Ozone Layer Reduction5. Implications of Risk Assessment in Indoor Air6. ReferencesPart III: Suggested Methods of Analysis for Indoor Air Environmental CarcinogensIntroductionRadonAsbestosOrganic CompoundsInorganic SpeciesParticlesNonionizing RadiationOther Approaches to Assessing ExposureReferences