Separation of Isotopes of Biogenic Elements in Two-phase Systems book cover

Separation of Isotopes of Biogenic Elements in Two-phase Systems

Separation of Isotopes of Biogenic Elements provides a detailed overview of this area of research covering all aspects from the value of isotope effects to their practical use (equilibrium single-stage isotope effect - kinetics and mass transfer – multiplication of the single-stage isotope separation factor - technological peculiarity of processes) with the purpose of extraction from the natural mixture of the enriched and highly concentrated isotopes. In contrast to traditional books on the theory of isotope separation, the theoretical part of the book describes separation in two-phase processes in counter-flow columns. The experimental part of the book presents systematic analysis of specialists in the field of isotope separation in counter-flow columns. This book will be of interest to scientists, engineers and technical workers engaged in isotope separation processes and isotope application in nuclear physics, medicine, agro-chemistry, biology and other areas. This book may also be used in teaching theory and practical aspects in courses on physical chemistry and Isotope separation of light elements by physicochemical methods.

Audience
For scientists, engineers and technical workers engaged in isotope separation processes and isotope applications. Also useful for teaching theory and practical aspects in courses on physical chemistry and Isotope separation of light elements by physicochemical methods.

Hardbound, 316 Pages

Published: December 2006

Imprint: Elsevier

ISBN: 978-0-444-52981-7

Contents

  • Chapter 1. Theory of Isotope Separation in Counter-Current Columns: General Review 1.1 Separation Factor
    1.2 Kinetics of CHEX Reactions and Mass Exchange in Counter-Current Phase Movement 1.3 Stationary State of the Column with Flow Reflux
    1.4 Unsteady State of the Column and Cascades of Columns
    1.5 Separation Column Contactors
    Chapter 2. Hydrogen Isotope Separation by Rectification 2.1 D2O Production by Water Rectification
    2.2 Heavy Water Production by Ammonia Rectification
    2.3 Heavy Water Production by Cryogenic Rectification of Hydrogen
    2.4 Isotope Extraction and Concentration of Tritium
    Chapter 3. Hydrogen Isotope Separation by Chemical Isotope Exchange Method in Gas-Liquid Systems 3.1 Two-Temperature Method and Its Main Features
    3.2 Two-Temperature Hydrogen-Sulphidous Method
    3.3 Hydrogen-Ammonia and Hydrogen-Amine Systems
    3.4 Water-Hydrogen System
    Chapter 4. Isotope Separation in Systems with Gas and Solid Phases 4.1 Isotope Equilibrium
    4.2 Kinetics of Isotope Exchange and Mass Transfer in Separation Columns
    4.3 Counter-current Isotope Separation Processes
    4.4 Application of the Solid-phase Systems for the Separation of Tritium-Containing Hydrogen Isotope Systems
    Chapter 5. Carbon Isotope Separation 5.1 Carbon Isotope Separation by Rectification
    5.2 Cabon Isotope Separation by Chemical Exchange Method
    Chapter 6. Nitrogen Isotope Separation 6.1 Nitrogen Isotope Separation by Rectification
    6.2 Nitrogen Isotope Separation by Chemical Isotope Exchange
    6.3 Comparison of Nitrogen Isotope Separation Techniques
    6.4 Large-scale Production Characteristics
    Chapter 7. Oxygen Isotope Separation 7.1 Oxygen Isotope Separation by Rectification
    7.2 Oxygen Isotope Separation by Chemical Exchange Method

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