Retina book cover


Expert Consult Premium Edition: Enhanced Online Features and Print, 3-Volume Set

2013 BMA Medical Book Awards Highly Commended in Surgical Specialties!

Unequalled in scope, depth, and clinical precision, Retina, 5th Edition keeps you at the forefront of today's new technologies, surgical approaches, and diagnostic and therapeutic options for retinal diseases and disorders. Comprehensively updated to reflect everything you need to know regarding retinal diagnosis, treatment, development, structure, function, and pathophysiology, this monumental ophthalmology reference work equips you with expert answers to virtually any question you may face in practice.

The chapters demonstrate clarity, authority, and breadth which together with superb illustrations and videos result in an outstanding book.

Reviewed by: B.R.Masters, Independent Scholar, Cambridge   Date: Jan 2014

Retina specialists, general ophthalmologists, optometrists, medical schools/libraries

Hardbound, 2564 Pages

Published: December 2012

Imprint: Saunders

ISBN: 978-1-4557-0737-9


  • "As with prior editions, the quality of the writing is excellent. In addition to thorough discussions of normal retinal structure and function, the text provides a comprehensive description of all facets of retinal diseases and their treatment. The photography is of equally high quality. Diagnosis and treatment of retinal disease are critically dependent on color retinal images, which is reflected in the increased use of color photographs in the fourth edition, greatly adding to the value of this text." -- JAMA, October 25, 2006 -- Vol 296, No. 16, Pg. 2031

    "An exciting new option is the "e-dition" version, which includes online access to the text. Having access to this superb text from any location is of great value to the ophthalmologist and retinologist. Other online features include 16 videos of retinal surgical procedures, continuing updates to the material, access to a drug information database, and links to pertinent Web sites. Content may be downloaded to a handheld device. These online features are a major advancement and make for a living textbook." -- JAMA, October 25, 2006 -- Vol 296, No. 16, Pg. 2031

    "The fourth edition of Retina is well worth the price for any retinologist or ophthalmologist." -- JAMA, October 25, 2006 -- Vol 296, No. 16, Pg. 2031


  • VOLUME 1
    Part 1: Retinal Imaging and Diagnostics
    Section 1: Optimal Imaging Technologies
    1. Fluorescein Angiography: Basic Principles and Interpretation
    2. Clinical Applications of Diagnostic Indocyanine Green Angiography
    3. Optical Coherence Tomography
    4. Autofluorescence Imaging
    5. Advanced Imaging Technologies
    6. Image Processing
    Section 2: Retinal Diagnostics
    7. Electrogenesis of the Electroretinogram
    8. Clinical Electrophysiology
    9. Diagnostic Ophthalmic Ultrasound
    10. Color Vision and Night Vision
    11. Visual Acuity and Contrast Sensitivity
    12. Visual Fields in Retinal Disease
    Part 2: Basic Science and Translation to Therapy
    Section 1: Anatomy and Physiology
    13. The Development of the Retina
    14. Structure and Function of Rod and Cone Photoreceptors
    15. Function and Anatomy of the Mammalian Retina
    16. Cell Biology of the Retinal Pigment Epithelium
    17. Cell Biology of the Müller Cell
    18. Retinal and Choroidal Vasculature: Retinal Oxygenation
    19. Mechanisms of Normal Retinal Adhesion
    20. Structure, Function, and Pathology of Bruch's Membrane
    21. Vitreous and Vitreoretinal Interface
    Section 2: Basic Mechanisms of Injury in the Retina
    22. Mechanisms of Oxidative Stress in Retinal Injury
    23. Mechanisms of ER Stress in Retinal Disease
    24. Cell Death, Apoptosis and Autophagy in Retinal Injury
    25. Inflammatory Response and Mediators in Retinal Injury
    26. Basic Mechanisms of Pathological Retinal and Choroidal Angiogenesis
    27. Blood-Retinal Barrier, Immune Privilege, and Autoimmunity
    28. Mechanism of Macular Edema and Therapeutic Approaches
    29. Cellular Effects of Detachment and Reattachment on the Neural Retina and Retinal Pigment Epithelium
    30. Pathogenesis of Serous Detachment of the Retina and Pigment Epithelium
    Section 3: Genetics
    31. Genetic Mechanisms of Retinal Disease
    32. Mitochondrial Genetics of Retinal Disease
    33. Epigenetic Mechanisms of Retinal Disease
    Section 4: Translational Basic Science
    34. Gene Therapy for Retinal Disease
    35. Stem Cells and Cellular Therapy
    36. Nanomedicine in Ophthalmology
    37. Neuroprotection
    38. Drug Delivery
    39. Retinal Laser Therapy: Biophysical Basis and Applications
    Section 1: Retinal Degenerations and Dystrophies
    40. Retinitis Pigmentosa and Allied Disorders
    41. Hereditary Vitreoretinal Degenerations
    42. Macular Dystrophies
    43. Hereditary Choroidal Diseases
    44. Abnormalities of Cone and Rod Function
    Section 2: Retinal Vascular Disease
    45. The Epidemiology of Diabetic Retinopathy
    46. Diabetic Retinopathy: Genetics and Etiologic Mechanisms
    47. Nonproliferative Diabetic Retinopathy and Diabetic Macular Edema
    48. Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy
    49. Hypertension
    50. Telescreening for Diabetic Retinopathy
    51. Retinal Artery Obstructions
    52. Acquired Retinal Macroaneurysms
    53. Branch Vein Occlusion
    54. Central Retinal Vein Occlusion
    55. Macular Telangiectasia
    56. Coats’ Disease
    57. Hemoglobinopathies
    58. Radiation Retinopathy
    59. Ocular Ischemic Syndrome
    60. Coagulopathies
    61. Pediatric Retinal Vascular Diseases
    62. Telescreening for Retinopathy of Prematurity
    Section 3: Choroidal Vascular/Bruch's Membrane Disease
    63. Epidemiology and Risk Factors for Age-Related Macular Degeneration
    64. Pathogenetic Mechanisms in Age-Related Macular Degeneration
    65. Age-Related Macular Degeneration: Non-neovascular Early AMD, Intermediate AMD, and Geographic Atrophy
    66. Neovascular (Exudative or "Wet") Age-Related Macular Degeneration
    67. Pharmacotherapy of Age-Related Macular Degeneration
    68. Myopic Macular Degeneration
    69. Angioid Streaks
    70. Ocular Histoplasmosis
    71. Polypoidal Choroidal Vasculopathy
    72. Central Serous Chorioretinophaty
    73. Uveal Effusion Syndrome and Hypotony Maculopathy
    Section 4: Inflammatory Disease/Uveitis
    74. Sympathetic Ophthalmia
    75. Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada Disease
    76. White Spot Syndromes and Related Diseases
    77. Autoimmune Retinopathies
    78. Sarcoidosis
    79. Intermediate Uveitis
    80. Rheumatic Diseases
    81. HIV-Associated Infections
    82. Mycobacterial Infections
    83. Eale's Disease
    84. Spirochetal Infections
    85. Ocular Toxoplasmosis
    86. Helminthic Disease
    87. Endogenous Endophthalmitis: Bacterial and Fungal
    88. Acute Retinal Necrosis Syndrome
    Section 5: Miscellaneous
    89. Drug Toxicity of the Posterior Segment
    90. Photic Retinal Injuries: Mechanisms, Hazards and Prevention
    91. Traumatic Chorioretinopathies
    92. Pregnancy-Related Diseases
    93. Optic Disc Anomalies, Pits and Associated Serous Macular Detachment
    94. Retina-Related Clinical Trials: A Resource Bibliography
    Part 1: Surgical Retina
    Section 1: The Pathophysiology of Retinal Detachment and Associated Problems
    95. Pathogenetic Mechanisms of Retinal Detachment
    96. Nonrhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment
    97. Pathogenesis of Proliferative Vitreoretinopathy
    98. Pathophysiology of Ocular Trauma
    Section 2: Retinal Reattachment: General Surgical Principles and Techniques
    99. The Effects and Action of Scleral Buckles in the Treatment of Retinal Detachment
    100. Techniques of sScleral Buckling
    101. Principles and Techniques of Vitreoretinal Surgery
    102. Primary Vitrectomy for Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment
    103. Pneumatic Retinopexy
    104. Special Adjuncts to Treatment
    105. Optimal Procedures for Retinal Detachment Repair
    106. Prevention of Retinal Detachment
    Section 3: Complicated Forms of Retinal Detachment
    107. Proliferative Vitreoretinopathy
    108. Retinotomies and Retinectomies
    109. Giant Retinal tear
    110. Surgery for Ocular Trauma: Principles and Techniques of Treatment
    111. Surgery for Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy
    112. Management of Combined Inflammatory and Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment
    113. High Myopia and the Vitreoretinal Complications
    114. Retinopathy of Prematurity
    115. Surgery for Pediatric Vitreoretinal Disorders
    Section 4: Vitreous Surgery for Macular Disorders
    116. Epiretinal Membranes
    117. Macular Hole
    118. Cystoid Macular Edema and Vitreomacular Traction
    119. Surgical Management of Choroidal Neovascularization and Subretinal Hemorrhage
    120. Macular Translocation
    121. Retinal Pigment Epithelium and Choroid Translocation in Patients with Age-related Macular Degeneration
    Section 5: Vitreous Surgery: Additional Considerations
    122. Infectious Endophthalmitis
    123. Diagnostic and Therapeutic Vitrectomy for Uveitis
    124. Vitreous, Retinal and Choroidal Biopsy
    125. Transplantation Frontiers
    126. Artificial vision
    127. Pharmacology at Surgery
    Part 2 Tumors of the Retina Choroid and Vitreous
    128. Retinoblastoma
    129. Cavernous Hemangioma
    130. Capillary Hemangioblastoma of the Retina and von Hippel-Lindau Disease
    131. Tuberous Sclerosis and the Eye
    132. Phakomatoses
    133. Retinal Metastases
    134. Remote Effects of Cancer on the Retina
    135. Melanocytoma of the Optic Disc
    136. Congenital Hypertrophy of the Retinal Pigment Epithelium
    137. Combined Hamartomas of the Retina and Retinal Pigment Epithelium
    138. Choroidal nevi
    139. Epidemiology of Posterior Uveal Melanoma
    140. Prognosis of Posterior Uveal Melanoma
    141. Molecular Genetics of Choroidal Melanoma
    142. Pathology of Choroidal Melanoma
    143. Overview of Management of Posterior Uveal Melanoma
    144. Enucleation for Choroidal Melanomas
    145. Brachytherapy for Choroidal Melanoma
    146. Charged-particle Irradiation of Uveal Melanoma
    147. Surgical Resection of Choroidal Melanoma
    148. Laser Treatment of Choroidal Melanoma
    149. Systemic Evaluation and Management of Patients with Uveal Melanoma
    150. Collaborative Ocular Melanoma Study
    151. Choroidal Metastases
    152. Choroidal Osteoma
    153. Circumscribed Choroidal Hemangioma
    154. Miscellaneous Uveal tumors
    155. Leukemias and Lymphomas
    156. Primary Vitreoretinal Lymphoma


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