Rapid Review Neuroscience book cover

Rapid Review Neuroscience

Get the most from your study time...and experience a realistic USMLE simulation! These new additions to the Rapid Review Series - highly rated in the First Aid rankings - make it easy for you to master all of the basic science material covered on the USMLE Step 1 Exam.

Audience
This book is for Students preparing for the USMLE or the COMLEX boards. It can also be used as a "in course" review for Neuroscience for medical, osteopathic, chiropractic and allied health students.

Paperback, 320 Pages

Published: November 2006

Imprint: Mosby

ISBN: 978-0-323-02261-3

Contents

  • RAPID REVIEW: NEUROSCIENCE

    Table of Contents

    Section 1: Macroscopic Organization: An overview of Nervous System Structure and Function

    Chapter I. Anatomy of the Nervous System
    I. Divisions of the nervous system
    II. Dissections
    III. Horizontal images
    IV. Coronal images
    V. Sagittal images
    VI. Spinal cord anatomy

    Chapter II. Development of the Nervous System
    I. Neural tube and derivatives
    II. Neural crest and derivatives
    III. Primary vesicles and derivatives
    IV. Secondary vesicles and derivatives
    V. Clinical considerations

    Chapter III. Meninges
    I. Layers of the meninges
    II. Meningeal vasculature
    III. Clinical considerations

    Chapter IV. The Ventricles and Cerebrospinal Fluid
    I. Components of the ventricular system
    II. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)
    III. Clinical considerations

    Chapter V. Vasculature
    I. Cerebral blood flow
    II. Blood-brain barrier (BBB)
    III. Anterior circulation: internal carotid system
    IV. Posterior circulation: vertebral-basilar system
    V. Anastomoses
    VI. Venous drainage
    VII. Spinal cord blood supply
    VIII. Clinical considerations: cerebrovascular accidents

    Section 2: Microscopic Organization: The Nervous System at the cellular level

    Chapter VI. Neurocytology
    I. Neurons
    II. Synapse
    III. Neuronal cytoskeleton
    IV. Axonal transport
    V. Glia
    VI. Clinical considerations: response to injury

    Chapter VII. Neurophysiology
    I. Passive membrane properties
    II. Excitable membrane
    III. Myelination and saltatory conduction
    IV. Clinical considerations

    Chapter VIII. Synaptic interactions
    I. Electrical synapse
    II. Chemical synapse
    III. Clinical considerations

    Chapter IX. Neurochemistry
    I. Classical neurotransmitters
    II. Peptide neurotransmitters
    III. Neurotransmitter receptors
    IV. Clinical considerations

    Section 3: Sensory Systems

    Chapter X. Discriminative Touch, Vibration and Conscious Proprioception
    I. Sensory receptors
    II. Dorsal column-medial lemniscal system - body
    III. Trigeminal system – head and neck
    IV. Clinical considerations

    Chapter XI. Pain and Temperature
    I. Sensory receptors
    II. Anterolateral system - body
    III. Trigeminal system – head and neck
    IV. Clinical considerations

    Section 4: Motor Control

    Chapter XII. Lower Motor Neurons
    I. Spinal cord anterior horn
    II. Cranial motor nuclei
    III. Neuromuscular junction
    IV. Clinical considerations

    Chapter XII. Upper Motor Neurons
    I. Corticospinal and corticobulbar pathways
    II. "Extrapyramidal" pathways
    III. Clinical considerations

    Chapter XIV. Basal Ganglia
    I. Function
    II. Anatomy
    III. Basal ganglia circuits
    IV. Basal ganglia neurotransmitters
    V. Clinical considerations

    Chapter XV. Cerebellum
    I. Function
    II. Cerebellar anatomy related to function
    III. Cerebellar cortex
    IV. Deep cerebellar nuclei
    V. Cerebellar pathways
    VI. Clinical considerations

    Chapter XVI. Reflexes and their Clinical Significance
    I. Overview
    II. Deep tendon reflexes - clinical considerations
    III. Superficial reflexes - clinical considerations
    IV. Cranial nerve reflexes - clinical considerations

    Section 5: Cranial Nerves and the Special Senses

    Chapter XVII. Cranial Nerve Overview
    I. Overview
    II. Emergence of cranial nerves
    III. Locations of cranial nerve nuclei
    IV. General sensory input
    V. Motor control
    VI. Testing cranial nerves

    Chapter XVIII. Visual System
    I. The eye
    II. Visual processing within the retina
    III. The visual pathway from the retina to the primary visual cortex

    Chapter XIX. Auditory System
    I. What is Sound?
    II. Anatomy of the Transduction Apparatus
    III. Mechanisms underlying sound transduction
    IV. Auditory Neural Pathway
    V. Clinical Considerations

    Chapter XX. Vestibular System
    I. Vestibular system receptors
    II. Pathways within the Vestibular System
    III. Vestibular Reflexes and Tests of the Vestibular System
    IV. Clinical Considerations

    Chapter XXI. Chemical Senses
    I. Olfactory system
    II. Gustatory system
    III. Clinical considerations

    Section 6: Higher Functions of the Brain

    Chapter XXII. Homeostasis: The hypothalamus and the autonomic nervous system
    I. Hypothalamic Anatomy
    II. Function of the Hypothalamus
    III. Components of the Autonomic Nervous System
    IV. ANS Neurotransmitters
    V. ANS Receptors and Pharmacology
    VI. ANS Targets
    VII. Central Autonomic Centers
    VIII. Clinical Considerations

    Chapter XXIII. Sleep, Arousal and the Reticular Activating System
    I. Reticular system anatomy
    II. Reticular system function
    III. Reticular system neurochemistry
    IV. Assessment of consciousness
    V. Physiology of sleep
    VI. Sleep - types
    VII. Clinical considerations

    Chapter XXIV. Learning, Memory and Emotion
    I. Neural basis of emotion
    II. Limbic system function
    III. Limbic system components
    IV. Substrates for memory
    V. Clinical considerations

    Chapter XXV. The Brain in transition: from infancy to old age
    I. Brain aging - gross
    II. Brain aging - histological and physiological
    III. Functional changes
    IV. Clinical considerations

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