Radionuclide X-Ray Fluorescence Analysis with Environmental Application book cover

Radionuclide X-Ray Fluorescence Analysis with Environmental Application

Nuclear analytical methods are being used increasingly for solving analytical problems and, of these methods, radionuclide X-ray fluorescence analysis (radionuclide XRFA) is becoming more important. The purpose of this work is to present a comprehensive, instructive analysis of the basis of radionuclide XRFA, to describe methods of sample preparation for environmental analysis and to make the reader more familiar with the procedures, methods and instrumentation of radionuclide XRFA used in this field. This book discusses the use of radionuclide XRFA for solving analytical problems of the environment and information is presented concerning the current state of research and use of radionuclide XRFA in this significant area. The present volume will serve as a basic source of data and also as a laboratory handbook.

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Published: November 1990

Imprint: Elsevier

ISBN: 978-0-444-98837-9

Reviews

  • ...is a valuable addition to the well-known series...This book deserves to be recommended to analytical chemists inexperienced in environmental problems and also to environmental scientists planning to apply XRFA to solve their problems, as it gives readily available information.
    Analytica Chimica Acta

Contents

  • 1. Nuclear analytical methods and protection of the environment. The importance of checking the quality of environmental components. Radionuclide X-ray fluorescence analysis (radionuclide XRFA) and the nuclear analytical methods. The origin and development of radionuclide X-ray fluorescence analysis. 2. The physical basis and method of radionuclide X-ray fluorescence analysis. Physical basis of radionuclide XRFA. The radionuclide X-ray fluorescence analysis methods. 3. Source of environmental pollution. Sources of atmospheric pollution. Sources of water pollution. Sources of soil pollution. The transport of pollutants from the atmosphere, water and soil into biological materials. The health hazard from the presence of harmful substances in the human environment. 4. Sampling procedures. Atmospheric sampling. Water sampling. Soil sampling. Sampling of sludges, sediments and solid wastes. Sampling of biological materials. 5. The preparation of samples for the determination of pollutants in components of the environment. Reference materials and the laboratory preparation of standards. Preparation of samples for determining impurities in the atmosphere. The preparation of samples for determining impurities in water. The preparation of samples of biological materials for analysis. The preparation of samples for the determination of impurities in soil, sludges, sediments and solid wastes. 6. A review of the use of radionuclide X-ray fluorescence analysis of environmental components. Radionuclide XRFA of air samples. Radionuclide XRFA of water samples. Radionuclide XRFA of soil and sediment samples. Radionuclide XRFA of samples of biological materials. 7. The use of radionuclide X-ray fluorescence analysis in other branches of science and technology. The mining industry. The production of building materials. Metallurgy. The fuel and petroleum industries. The chemical, photographic and paper industries. Pharmacy. Space Research. Archaeology and art. The measurement of the thickness of thin coating. 8. References. Subject index.

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