Radiative Heat Transfer book cover

Radiative Heat Transfer

The third edition of Radiative Heat Transfer describes the basic physics of radiation heat transfer. The book provides models, methodologies, and calculations essential in solving research problems in a variety of industries, including solar and nuclear energy, nanotechnology, biomedical, and environmental. Every chapter of Radiative Heat Transfer offers uncluttered nomenclature, numerous worked examples, and a large number of problems-many based on real world situations-making it ideal for classroom use as well as for self-study. The book's 24 chapters cover the four major areas in the field: surface properties; surface transport; properties of participating media; and transfer through participating media. Within each chapter, all analytical methods are developed in substantial detail, and a number of examples show how the developed relations may be applied to practical problems.


A Reference for Scientists, Researchers, Engineers (mechanical, chemical as well as other branches of engineers), Physicists, Oceanographers, Meteorologists, Graduate Students, Academic Researchers

Hardbound, 904 Pages

Published: February 2013

Imprint: Academic Press

ISBN: 978-0-12-386944-9


  • Jennifer X. Wen, Kingston University, UK: "This book can simply be summed up as the 'bible' for thermal radiation and its calculation methods." "I expect to see it on the bookshelf of every university and major research laboratory." "Because of the level of details the book has gone into in each specific topic, this book will be especially suitable for occasions where students are expected to read extensively outside the classroom as part of the syllabus." Andrei Fedorov, Georgia Tech: "The book is up-to-date and provides excellent coverage." "Excellent writing style with nice historical highlights. The most important asset of the book is its clear and consistent notation used throughout the manuscript. It is probably the most comprehensive treatment of the topic that is currently in existence. It has up-to-date bibliography and very sound treatment of electromagnetism foundation of thermal radiation." Peter Wong, Tufts University: "Modest has compiled together a comprehensive and detailed understanding in thermal radiative heat transfer for graduate students and practicing engineers." Yildiz Bayazitoglu, Rice University: "Very much up to date and has a good selection of topics." "Comprehensive, detailed, but simplified." "The author presented the radiative heat transfer and its interactions with other modes of heat transfer in a coherent and integrated manner emphasizing the fundamentals...The book is directed towards the graduate level students as well as towards the scientists and engineers already engaged in subject matter."


  • Preface to the Third Edition

    List of Symbols

    1 Fundamentals of Thermal Radiation
    1.1 Introduction
    1.2 The Nature of Thermal Radiation
    1.3 Basic Laws of Thermal Radiation
    1.4 Emissive Power
    1.5 Solid Angles
    1.6 Radiative Intensity
    1.7 Radiative Heat Flux
    1.8 Radiation Pressure
    1.9 Visible Radiation (Luminance)
    1.10 Radiative Intensity in Vacuum
    1.11 Introduction to Radiation Characteristics of Opaque Surfaces
    1.12 Introduction to Radiation Characteristics of Gases
    1.13 Introduction to Radiation Characteristics of Solids and Liquids
    1.14 Introduction to Radiation Characteristics of Particles
    1.15 The Radiative Transfer Equation
    1.16 Outline of Radiative Transport Theory

    2 Radiative Property Predictions from Electromagnetic Wave Theory
    2.1 Introduction
    2.2 The Macroscopic Maxwell Equations
    2.3 ElectromagneticWave Propagation in Unbounded Media
    2.4 Polarization
    2.5 Reflection and Transmission
    2.6 Theories for Optical Constants

    3 Radiative Properties of Real Surfaces
    3.1 Introduction
    3.2 Definitions
    3.3 Predictions from ElectromagneticWave Theory
    3.4 Radiative Properties of Metals
    3.5 Radiative Properties of Nonconductors
    3.6 Effects of Surface Roughness
    3.7 Effects of Surface Damage and Oxide Films
    3.8 Radiative Properties of Semitransparent Sheets
    3.9 Special Surfaces
    3.10 Experimental Methods

    4 View Factors
    4.1 Introduction
    4.2 Definition of View Factors
    4.3 Methods for the Evaluation of View Factors
    4.4 Area Integration
    4.5 Contour Integration
    4.6 View Factor Algebra
    4.7 The Crossed-Strings Method
    4.8 The Inside Sphere Method
    4.9 The Unit Sphere Method

    5 Radiative Exchange Between Gray, Diffuse Surfaces
    5.1 Introduction .
    5.2 Radiative Exchange Between Black Surfaces
    5.3 Radiative Exchange Between Gray, Diffuse Surfaces
    5.4 Electrical Network Analogy
    5.5 Radiation Shields
    5.6 Solution Methods for the Governing Integral Equations

    6 Radiative Exchange Between Partially Specular Gray Surfaces
    6.1 Introduction
    6.2 Specular View Factors
    6.3 Enclosures with Partially Specular Surfaces
    6.4 Electrical Network Analogy
    6.5 Radiation Shields
    6.6 Semitransparent Sheets (Windows)
    6.7 Solution of the Governing Integral Equation
    6.8 Concluding Remarks

    7 Radiative Exchange Between Nonideal Surfaces
    7.1 Introduction .
    7.2 Radiative Exchange Between Nongray Surfaces
    7.3 Directionally Nonideal Surfaces
    7.4 Analysis for Arbitrary Surface Characteristics

    8 The Monte Carlo Method for Surface Exchange
    8.1 Introduction
    8.2 Numerical Quadrature by Monte Carlo
    8.3 Heat Transfer Relations for Radiative Exchange Between Surfaces
    8.4 Random Number Relations for Surface Exchange
    8.5 Surface Description
    8.6 Ray Tracing
    8.7 Efficiency Considerations

    9 Surface Radiative Exchange in the Presence of Conduction and Convection
    9.1 Introduction
    9.2 Conduction and Surface Radiation-Fins
    9.3 Convection and Surface Radiation

    10 The Radiative Transfer Equation in Participating Media (RTE)
    10.1 Introduction
    10.2 Attenuation by Absorption and Scattering
    10.3 Augmentation by Emission and Scattering
    10.4 The Radiative Transfer Equation
    10.5 Formal Solution to the Radiative Transfer Equation
    10.6 Boundary Conditions for the Radiative Transfer Equation
    10.7 Radiation Energy Density
    10.8 Radiative Heat Flux
    10.9 Divergence of the Radiative Heat Flux
    10.10 Integral Formulation of the Radiative Transfer Equation
    10.11 Overall Energy Conservation
    10.12 Solution Methods for the Radiative Transfer Equation

    11 Radiative Properties of Molecular Gases
    11.1 Fundamental Principles
    11.2 Emission and Absorption Probabilities
    11.3 Atomic and Molecular Spectra
    11.4 Line Radiation
    11.5 Nonequilibrium Radiation
    11.6 High-Resolution Spectroscopic Databases
    11.7 Spectral Models for Radiative Transfer Calculations
    11.8 Narrow Band Models
    11.9 Narrow Band k-Distributions
    11.10 Wide Band Models
    11.11 Total Emissivity and Mean Absorption Coefficient
    11.12 Experimental Methods

    12 Radiative Properties of Particulate Media
    12.1 Introduction
    12.2 Absorption and Scattering from a Single Sphere
    12.3 Radiative Properties of a Particle Cloud
    12.4 Radiative Properties of Small Spheres (Rayleigh Scattering)
    12.5 Rayleigh-Gans Scattering
    12.6 Anomalous Di raction
    12.7 Radiative Properties of Large Spheres
    12.8 Absorption and Scattering by Long Cylinders
    12.9 Approximate Scattering Phase Functions
    12.10 Radiative Properties of Irregular Particles and Aggregates
    12.11 Radiative Properties of Combustion Particles
    12.12 Experimental Determination of Radiative Properties of Particles

    13 Radiative Properties of Semitransparent Media
    13.1 Introduction
    13.2 Absorption by Semitransparent Solids
    13.3 Absorption by Semitransparent Liquids
    13.4 Radiative Properties of Porous Solids
    13.5 Experimental Methods

    14 Exact Solutions for One-Dimensional Gray Media
    14.1 Introduction
    14.2 General Formulation for a Plane-Parallel Medium
    14.3 Plane Layer of a Nonscattering Medium
    14.4 Plane Layer of a Scattering Medium
    14.5 Radiative Transfer in Spherical Media
    14.6 Radiative Transfer in Cylindrical Media
    14.7 Numerical Solution of the Governing Integral Equations

    15 Approximate Solution Methods for One-Dimensional Media
    15.1 The Optically Thin Approximation
    15.2 The Optically Thick Approximation (Di usion Approximation)
    15.3 The Schuster-Schwarzschild Approximation
    15.4 The Milne-Eddington Approximation (Moment Method)
    15.5 The Exponential Kernel Approximation

    16 The Method of Spherical Harmonics (PN-Approximation)
    16.1 Introduction
    16.2 General Formulation of the PN-Approximation
    16.3 The PN-Approximation for a One-Dimensional Slab
    16.4 Boundary Conditions for the PN-Method
    16.5 The P1-Approximation
    16.6 P3- and Higher-Order Approximations
    16.7 Simplified PN-Approximation
    16.8 The Modified Differential Approximation
    16.9 Comparison of Methods

    17 The Method of Discrete Ordinates (SN-Approximation)
    17.1 Introduction
    17.2 General Relations
    17.3 The One-Dimensional Slab
    17.4 One-Dimensional Concentric Spheres and Cylinders
    17.5 Multidimensional Problems
    17.6 The Finite Volume Method
    17.7 The Modified Discrete Ordinates Method
    17.8 Even-Parity Formulation
    17.9 Other Related Methods
    17.10 Concluding Remarks

    18 The Zonal Method
    18.1 Introduction
    18.2 Surface Exchange- No Participating Medium
    18.3 Radiative Exchange in Gray Absorbing/Emitting Media
    18.4 Radiative Exchange in Gray Media with Isotropic Scattering
    18.5 Radiative Exchange through a Nongray Medium
    18.6 Determination of Direct Exchange Areas

    19 Collimated Irradiation and Transient Phenomena
    19.1 Introduction
    19.2 Reduction of the Problem
    19.3 The Modified P1-Approximation with Collimated Irradiation
    19.4 Short-Pulsed Collimated Irradiation with Transient Effects

    20 Solution Methods for Nongray Extinction Coefficients
    20.1 Introduction
    20.2 The Mean Beam Length Method
    20.3 Semigray Approximations
    20.4 The Stepwise-Gray Model (Box Model)
    20.5 General Band Model Formulation
    20.6 TheWeighted-Sum-of- Gray-Gases (WSGG) Model
    20.7 k-Distribution Models
    20.8 The Full Spectrum k-Distribution (FSK) Method for Homogeneous Media
    20.9 The Spectral-Line-BasedWeighted Sum of Gray Gases (SLW)
    20.10 The FSK Method for Nonhomogeneous Media
    20.11 Evaluation of k-Distributions
    20.12 Higher Order k-Distribution Methods
    21 The Monte Carlo Method for Participating Media
    21.1 Introduction
    21.2 Heat Transfer Relations for Participating Media
    21.3 Random Number Relations for Participating Media
    21.4 Treatment of Spectral Line Structure E ects
    21.5 Overall Energy Conservation
    21.6 Discrete Particle Fields
    21.7 Efficiency Considerations
    21.8 Backward Monte Carlo
    21.9 Direct Exchange Monte Carlo
    21.10 Example Problems

    22 Radiation Combined with Conduction and Convection
    22.1 Introduction
    22.2 Combined Radiation and Conduction
    22.3 Melting and Solidification with Internal Radiation
    22.4 Combined Radiation and Convection in Boundary Layers
    22.5 Combined Radiation and Free Convection
    22.6 Combined Radiation and Convection in Internal Flow
    22.7 Combined Radiation and Combustion
    22.8 Interfacing Between Turbulent Flow Fields and Radiation
    22.9 Interaction of Radiation with Turbulence
    22.10 Radiation in Concentrating Solar Energy Systems

    23 Inverse Radiative Heat Transfer
    23.1 Introduction
    23.2 Solution Methods
    23.3 Regularization
    23.4 Gradient-Based Optimization
    23.5 Metaheuristics
    23.6 Summary of Inverse Radiation Research

    24 Nanoscale Radiative Transfer
    24.1 Introduction
    24.2 Coherence of Light
    24.3 EvanescentWaves
    24.4 Radiation Tunneling
    24.5 SurfaceWaves (Polaritons)
    24.6 Fluctuational Electrodynamics
    24.7 Heat Transfer Between Parallel Plates
    24.8 Experiments on Nanoscale Radiation

    A Constants and Conversion Factors
    B Tables for Radiative Properties of Opaque Surfaces
    C Blackbody Emissive Power Table
    D View Factor Catalogue
    E Exponential Integral Functions
    F Computer Codes


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