This volume provides the most recent insight into how abnormalities in the regulation of cell death lead to a variety of diseases. Each chapter in this book is written by an internationally recognized expert on the role of aberrant cell death in the pathogenesis of a particular disease. In addition to various types of cancer and neurodegenerative disorders, this book covers diseases ranging from arthritis to cardiovascular disease to diabetes. The chapters each integrate information obtained from patients with data obtained in experimental models of the disease to arrive at an emerging view of the pathogenic mechanisms of the disease. Applications of this fundamental knowledge to prevention and treatment of the diseases are considered. When taken together with Programmed Cell Death, Volume 1, this title will provide graduate students, postdocs and senior investigators in an array of biomedical disciplines invaluable resource for their pursuit of the causes and cures of many different human diseases.