Principles of Transaction Processing book cover

Principles of Transaction Processing

Principles of Transaction Processing is a comprehensive guide to developing applications, designing systems, and evaluating engineering products. The book provides detailed discussions of the internal workings of transaction processing systems, and it discusses how these systems work and how best to utilize them. It covers the architecture of Web Application Servers and transactional communication paradigms. The book is divided into 11 chapters, which cover the following: • Overview of transaction processing application and system structure • Software abstractions found in transaction processing systems • Architecture of multitier applications and the functions of transactional middleware and database servers • Queued transaction processing and its internals, with IBM's Websphere MQ and Oracle's Stream AQ as examples • Business process management and its mechanisms • Description of the two-phase locking function, B-tree locking and multigranularity locking used in SQL database systems and nested transaction locking • System recovery and its failures • Two-phase commit protocol • Comparison between the tradeoffs of replicating servers versus replication resources • Transactional middleware products and standards • Future trends, such as cloud computing platforms, composing scalable systems using distributed computing components, the use of flash storage to replace disks and data streams from sensor devices as a source of transaction requests. The text meets the needs of systems professionals, such as IT application programmers who construct TP applications, application analysts, and product developers. The book will also be invaluable to students and novices in application programming.

Audience
systems professionals: IT application programmers that build TP applications for use in IT or on web sites; application analysts who design applications for deployment on TP systems; and product developers

Paperback, 400 Pages

Published: June 2009

Imprint: Morgan Kaufmann

ISBN: 978-1-55860-623-4

Contents


  • Preface

    Trademarks

    Chapter 1 Introduction

    1.1 The Basics

    1.2 TP System Architecture

    1.3 Atomicity, Consistency, Isolation, and Durability

    1.4 Two-Phase Commit

    1.5 Transaction Processing Performance

    1.6 Availability

    1.7 Styles of Systems

    1.8 TP System Configurations

    1.9 Summary

    Chapter 2 Transaction Processing Abstractions

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Transactions

    2.3 Processes and Threads

    2.4 Remote Procedure Call

    2.5 Shared State

    2.6 Scalability

    2.7 Summary

    Chapter 3 Transaction Processing Application Architecture

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Application Architecture

    3.3 Front-End Program

    3.4 Request Controller

    3.5 Transaction Servers

    3.6 Transactional Middleware

    3.7 Database Servers Versus Transactional Middleware

    3.8 Summary

    Chapter 4 Queued Transaction Processing

    4.1 Why Use Queues?

    4.2 The Queued Transaction Processing Model

    4.3 Client Recovery

    4.4 Handling Non-Undoable Operations

    4.5 The Queue Manager

    4.6 Publish-Subscribe

    4.7 Other Message-Oriented Middleware

    4.8 Queuing Products and Standards

    4.9 Summary

    Chapter 5 Business Process Management

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Business Process Definition

    5.3 Business Process Execution

    5.4 Transactional Properties

    5.5 Making Process State Durable

    5.6 Other Models of Business Processes

    5.7 Products and Standards

    5.8 Summary

    Chapter 6 Locking

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Implementation

    6.3 Deadlocks

    6.4 Performance

    6.5 Hot Spots

    6.6 Query-Update Problems

    6.7 Avoiding Phantoms

    6.8 Optimistic Concurrency Control

    6.9 B-Tree Locking

    6.10 Multigranularity Locking

    6.11 Locking Nested Transactions

    6.12 Summary

    6.13 Appendix: Basic Serializability Theory

    Chapter 7 System Recovery

    7.1 Causes of System Failure

    7.2 A Model for System Recovery

    7.3 Introduction to Database Recovery

    7.4 The System Model

    7.5 Database Recovery Manager

    7.6 Shadow-Paging Algorithm

    7.7 Log-Based Database Recovery Algorithms

    7.8 Optimizing Restart in Log-Based Algorithms

    7.9 Media Recovery

    7.10 Summary

    Chapter 8 Two-Phase Commit

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 The Two-Phase Commit Protocol

    8.3 Failure Handling

    8.4 Optimizations and Variations

    8.5 Process Structuring

    8.6 User Checklist

    8.7 Summary

    Chapter 9 Replication

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Replicated Servers

    9.3 Synchronizing Updates to Replicated Data

    9.4 Single-Master Primary-Copy Replication

    9.5 Multimaster Replication

    9.6 Other Replication Techniques

    9.7 Data Sharing Systems

    9.8 Summary

    Chapter 10 Transactional Middleware Products and Standards

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Web Browser Front-End Programs

    10.3 .NET Framework

    10.4 Java Enterprise Edition

    10.5 Service-Oriented Architecture

    10.6 Persistence Abstraction Mechanisms

    10.7 Legacy TP Monitors

    10.8 TP Standards

    10.9 Summary

    Chapter 11 Future Trends

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Cloud Computing

    11.3 Scalable Distributed Computing

    11.4 Memory Technology

    11.5 Streams and Event Processing

    11.6 Summary

    Glossary of Acronyms

    Bibliographic Notes

    Bibliography

    Index








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