Principles of Transaction Processing

By

  • Philip Bernstein, Lead Architect, Microsoft Corporation, Bellvue, WA, USA
  • Eric Newcomer, Program manager, Digital Equipment Corporation, Groton, MA, USA

Principles of Transaction Processing is a comprehensive guide to developing applications, designing systems, and evaluating engineering products. The book provides detailed discussions of the internal workings of transaction processing systems, and it discusses how these systems work and how best to utilize them. It covers the architecture of Web Application Servers and transactional communication paradigms. The book is divided into 11 chapters, which cover the following: • Overview of transaction processing application and system structure • Software abstractions found in transaction processing systems • Architecture of multitier applications and the functions of transactional middleware and database servers • Queued transaction processing and its internals, with IBM's Websphere MQ and Oracle's Stream AQ as examples • Business process management and its mechanisms • Description of the two-phase locking function, B-tree locking and multigranularity locking used in SQL database systems and nested transaction locking • System recovery and its failures • Two-phase commit protocol • Comparison between the tradeoffs of replicating servers versus replication resources • Transactional middleware products and standards • Future trends, such as cloud computing platforms, composing scalable systems using distributed computing components, the use of flash storage to replace disks and data streams from sensor devices as a source of transaction requests. The text meets the needs of systems professionals, such as IT application programmers who construct TP applications, application analysts, and product developers. The book will also be invaluable to students and novices in application programming.
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Audience

systems professionals: IT application programmers that build TP applications for use in IT or on web sites; application analysts who design applications for deployment on TP systems; and product developers

 

Book information

  • Published: June 2009
  • Imprint: MORGAN KAUFMANN
  • ISBN: 978-1-55860-623-4


Table of Contents


Preface

Trademarks

Chapter 1 Introduction

1.1 The Basics

1.2 TP System Architecture

1.3 Atomicity, Consistency, Isolation, and Durability

1.4 Two-Phase Commit

1.5 Transaction Processing Performance

1.6 Availability

1.7 Styles of Systems

1.8 TP System Configurations

1.9 Summary

Chapter 2 Transaction Processing Abstractions

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Transactions

2.3 Processes and Threads

2.4 Remote Procedure Call

2.5 Shared State

2.6 Scalability

2.7 Summary

Chapter 3 Transaction Processing Application Architecture

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Application Architecture

3.3 Front-End Program

3.4 Request Controller

3.5 Transaction Servers

3.6 Transactional Middleware

3.7 Database Servers Versus Transactional Middleware

3.8 Summary

Chapter 4 Queued Transaction Processing

4.1 Why Use Queues?

4.2 The Queued Transaction Processing Model

4.3 Client Recovery

4.4 Handling Non-Undoable Operations

4.5 The Queue Manager

4.6 Publish-Subscribe

4.7 Other Message-Oriented Middleware

4.8 Queuing Products and Standards

4.9 Summary

Chapter 5 Business Process Management

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Business Process Definition

5.3 Business Process Execution

5.4 Transactional Properties

5.5 Making Process State Durable

5.6 Other Models of Business Processes

5.7 Products and Standards

5.8 Summary

Chapter 6 Locking

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Implementation

6.3 Deadlocks

6.4 Performance

6.5 Hot Spots

6.6 Query-Update Problems

6.7 Avoiding Phantoms

6.8 Optimistic Concurrency Control

6.9 B-Tree Locking

6.10 Multigranularity Locking

6.11 Locking Nested Transactions

6.12 Summary

6.13 Appendix: Basic Serializability Theory

Chapter 7 System Recovery

7.1 Causes of System Failure

7.2 A Model for System Recovery

7.3 Introduction to Database Recovery

7.4 The System Model

7.5 Database Recovery Manager

7.6 Shadow-Paging Algorithm

7.7 Log-Based Database Recovery Algorithms

7.8 Optimizing Restart in Log-Based Algorithms

7.9 Media Recovery

7.10 Summary

Chapter 8 Two-Phase Commit

8.1 Introduction

8.2 The Two-Phase Commit Protocol

8.3 Failure Handling

8.4 Optimizations and Variations

8.5 Process Structuring

8.6 User Checklist

8.7 Summary

Chapter 9 Replication

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Replicated Servers

9.3 Synchronizing Updates to Replicated Data

9.4 Single-Master Primary-Copy Replication

9.5 Multimaster Replication

9.6 Other Replication Techniques

9.7 Data Sharing Systems

9.8 Summary

Chapter 10 Transactional Middleware Products and Standards

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Web Browser Front-End Programs

10.3 .NET Framework

10.4 Java Enterprise Edition

10.5 Service-Oriented Architecture

10.6 Persistence Abstraction Mechanisms

10.7 Legacy TP Monitors

10.8 TP Standards

10.9 Summary

Chapter 11 Future Trends

11.1 Introduction

11.2 Cloud Computing

11.3 Scalable Distributed Computing

11.4 Memory Technology

11.5 Streams and Event Processing

11.6 Summary

Glossary of Acronyms

Bibliographic Notes

Bibliography

Index