Principles of Plant Disease Management book cover

Principles of Plant Disease Management

This book is intended to provide a substantive treatment of plant disease management for graduate and undergraduate students in which theoretical and practical elements are combined. Reference is made to specific diseases and control practices to illustrate basic principles or strategies. The section on epidemiology includes a chapter in which arthropod vectors (aphids, leafhoppers, whiteflies, Coleoptera and mites) are briefly discussed, and the section on control includes references to the use of crop varieties with resistance to such vectors, and also contains information on mechanical, cultural, biological and chemical measures that contribute to vector control.

Hardbound, 378 Pages

Published: October 1982

Imprint: Academic Press

ISBN: 978-0-12-269180-5

Contents


  • Contents

    Preface

    1 Introduction to Disease Management

    The Need for Disease Management

    Disease Management in Perspective

    A Guide to Plant Disease Management in Agricultural Systems

    Selected References

    2 Diagnosis

    Introduction

    Systematic Approach to Diagnosis

    Procedures for Diagnosis of Diseases Induced by Biotic Agents

    Procedures for Diagnosis of Disorders Induced by Abiotic Influences

    Concluding Comments

    Selected References

    3 Epidemiology: Dynamics of Interacting Pathogen and Host Populations

    Introduction

    Pathogen Reproduction and Epidemic Development

    Models of Epidemic Development

    Models and Disease Management Strategies

    Concluding Comments

    Selected References

    4 Epidemiology: Influence of the Biotic Environment

    Pathogen-Vector Relationships

    Aphids

    Leafhoppers

    Other Arthropods

    Nematodes

    Fungi

    Nonvector-Pathogen Relationships

    Concluding Remarks

    Selected References

    5 Effect of the Physical Environment

    Introduction

    Moisture Effects

    Temperature Effects

    Chemicals

    Concluding Comments

    Selected References

    6 Disease Forecasting: Epidemiological Considerations

    Epidemiological Bases of Disease Forecasts

    Forecasts Based on Initial Inoculum or Initial Disease

    Forecasts Based on Secondary Inoculum

    Forecasts Based on Both Initial Inoculum and Secondary Cycles

    Implementation of Disease Forecasts

    Concluding Comments

    Selected References

    7 Exclusion to Reduce the Amount of Initial Inoculum

    Quarantines

    Use of Pathogen-Free Propagating Material

    Cultural Techniques to Suppress Initial Pathogen Populations

    Concluding Comments

    Selected References

    8 Physical and Chemical Techniques to Suppress Initial Disease

    Introduction

    Physical Techniques to Reduce Initial Inoculum

    Physical Techniques to Suppress the Efficacy of Initial Inoculum

    Chemical Treatments to Suppress Initial Disease

    Concluding Comments

    Selected References

    9 Biocontrol

    Introduction

    Natural Biocontrol

    Introduction of Antagonists

    Modification of the Environment

    Conclusions

    Selected References

    10 Plant Resistance: Effects and Mechanisms

    Effects of Plant Resistance on Pathogen Development

    Epidemiological Efforts of Plant Resistance

    Problems Attributable to Pathogen Variation

    Mechanisms of Resistance

    Concluding Comments

    Selected References

    11 Use of Plant Resistance

    Resistance That Has a Large Effect

    Resistance That Has a Small Effect (Rate-Reducing)

    Use of Resistance to Pathogen Vectors

    Concluding Comments

    Selected References

    12 Cultural Modifications to Suppress the Rate of Epidemic Development

    Modification of the Physical Environment

    Repulsion of Vectors

    Concluding Comments

    Selected References

    13 Effects of Chemicals in Reducing the Rate of Disease Development

    Extent of Chemical Use

    Factors That Influence the Need for Chemical Application

    Effects of Chemicals

    Side Effects of Disease Management Chemicals

    Application Considerations

    Chemicals and Society

    Concluding Comments

    Selected References

    14 Major Groups and Uses of Chemicals in Suppressing the Rate of Disease Development

    Inorganic Chemicals

    Organometallic Fungicides

    Organic Protectants

    Organic Systemics

    Oils and Surfactants

    Insecticides

    Concluding Comments

    Selected References

    15 Disease Management in Practice

    Celery in Florida

    Corn in the Midwest

    Potatoes in the Northeast

    Peaches in South Carolina

    Cotton in California

    Concluding Comments

    Selected References

    Bibliography

    Index

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