Principles of Environmental Physics book cover

Principles of Environmental Physics

Environmental Physics concerns the description and analysis of physical processes that establish the conditions in which all species of life survive and reproduce. The subject involves a synthesis of mathematical relations that describe the physical nature of the environment and the many biological responses that environments evoke. Environmental Physics provides a basis for understanding the complex responses of plants and animals to environmental change.International concern with climate change has made both politicans and the general public much more aware of the impact of local and global weather on all aspects of domestic life, industry and commerce. Environmental Physics has become more widely used by biologists, atmospheric scientists and climate modellers to specify interations between surfaces and the atmosphere. This new edition contains further material on causes of global warming, applications of remote sensing, and the carbon and water cycles of crops and forests.

Audience
Advanced undergraduate and graduate students in university departments of physics, atmospheric sciences, biological and environmental sciences, research scientists in agriculture, forestry, hydrology and ecology in academia, government research and industry, natural resource managers, environmental consultants and advisers in non-governmental organizations.

Hardbound, 440 Pages

Published: October 2007

Imprint: Academic Press

ISBN: 978-0-12-505103-3

Contents

  • PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITIONLIST OF SYMBOLS1. SCOPE OF ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS2. GAS LAWS Pressure, volume and temperature Specific heats Lapse rate Water and water vapour Other gases3. TRANSPORT LAWS General transfer equation Molecular transfer processes Diffusion coefficients Radiation laws4. RADIATION ENVIRONMENT Solar radiation Terrestrial radiation Net radiation5. MICROCLIMATOLOGY OF RADIATION (i) Interception Direct solar radiation Diffuse radiation Radiation in crop canopies6. MICROCLIMATOLOGY OF RADIATION (ii) Absorption and reflection Radiative properties of natural materials Net radiation7. MOMENTUM TRANSFER Boundary layers Wind profiles and drag on uniform surfaces Lodging and windthrow8. HEAT TRANSFER Convection Non-dimensional groups Measurements of convection Conduction Insulation of animals9. MASS TRANSFER (i) Gases and water vapour Non-dimensional groups Measurement of mass transfer Ventilation Mass transfer through pores Coats and clothing10.MASS TRANSFER (ii) Particles Steady motion11.STEADY STATE HEAT BALANCE (i) Water surfaces and vegetation Heat balance equation Heat balance of thermometers Heat balance of surfaces Developments from the Penman Equation12.STEADY STATE HEAT BALANCE (ii) Animals Heat balance components The thermo-neutral diagram Specification of the environment Case studies13.TRANSIENT HEAT BALANCE Time constant General cases Heat flow in soil14.CROP MICROMETEOROLOGY (i) Profiles and fluxes Profiles Profile equations and stability Measurement of flux above the canopy15.CROP MICROMETEOROLOGY (ii) Interpretation of measurements Resistance analogues Case studies: Water vapour and transpiration Carbon dioxide and growth Sulphur dioxide and pollutant fluxes to crops Transport within canopiesAPPENDIXBIBLIOGRAPHYREFERENCESINDEX

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