Principles of Environmental Physics book cover

Principles of Environmental Physics

Plants, Animals, and the Atmosphere

Principles of Environmental Physics: Plants, Animals, and the Atmosphere, 4e, provides a basis for understanding the complex physical interactions of plants and animals with their natural environment. It is the essential reference to provide environmental and ecological scientists and researchers with the physical principles, analytic tools, and data analysis methods they need to solve problems. This book describes the principles by which radiative energy reaches the earth’s surface and reviews the latest knowledge concerning the surface radiation budget. The processes of radiation, convection, conduction, evaporation, and carbon dioxide exchange are analyzed. Many applications of environmental physics principles are reviewed, including the roles of surface albedo and atmospheric aerosols in modifying microclimate and climate, remote sensing of vegetation properties, wind forces on trees and crops, dispersion of pathogens and aerosols, controls of evaporation from vegetation and soil (including implications of changing weather and climate), and interpretation of micrometeorological measurements of carbon dioxide and other trace gas fluxes.

Audience
Advanced undergraduate and graduate students in university departments of physics, atmospheric sciences, biological and environmental sciences, research scientists in agriculture, forestry, hydrology and ecology in academia, government research and industry, natural resource managers, environmental consultants and advisers in non-governmental organizations.

Hardbound, 422 Pages

Published: August 2013

Imprint: Academic Press

ISBN: 978-0-12-386910-4

Contents

  • PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITIONLIST OF SYMBOLS1. SCOPE OF ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS2. GAS LAWS Pressure, volume and temperature Specific heats Lapse rate Water and water vapour Other gases3. TRANSPORT LAWS General transfer equation Molecular transfer processes Diffusion coefficients Radiation laws4. RADIATION ENVIRONMENT Solar radiation Terrestrial radiation Net radiation5. MICROCLIMATOLOGY OF RADIATION (i) Interception Direct solar radiation Diffuse radiation Radiation in crop canopies6. MICROCLIMATOLOGY OF RADIATION (ii) Absorption and reflection Radiative properties of natural materials Net radiation7. MOMENTUM TRANSFER Boundary layers Wind profiles and drag on uniform surfaces Lodging and windthrow8. HEAT TRANSFER Convection Non-dimensional groups Measurements of convection Conduction Insulation of animals9. MASS TRANSFER (i) Gases and water vapour Non-dimensional groups Measurement of mass transfer Ventilation Mass transfer through pores Coats and clothing10.MASS TRANSFER (ii) Particles Steady motion11.STEADY STATE HEAT BALANCE (i) Water surfaces and vegetation Heat balance equation Heat balance of thermometers Heat balance of surfaces Developments from the Penman Equation12.STEADY STATE HEAT BALANCE (ii) Animals Heat balance components The thermo-neutral diagram Specification of the environment Case studies13.TRANSIENT HEAT BALANCE Time constant General cases Heat flow in soil14.CROP MICROMETEOROLOGY (i) Profiles and fluxes Profiles Profile equations and stability Measurement of flux above the canopy15.CROP MICROMETEOROLOGY (ii) Interpretation of measurements Resistance analogues Case studies: Water vapour and transpiration Carbon dioxide and growth Sulphur dioxide and pollutant fluxes to crops Transport within canopiesAPPENDIXBIBLIOGRAPHYREFERENCESINDEX

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