Pressure Safety Design Practices for Refinery and Chemical Operations


  • Nicholas P. Cheremisinoff, United States Agency for International Development

Pressure Safety Design Practices for Refinery and Chemical Operations is an introductory reference guide for pressure relieving operations in petroleum refineries and chemical plants. Petroleum refineries and their related chemical manufacturing facilities often operate at high pressures and/or at conditions that can result in excessive pressure conditions. Start-up and emergency shut-down operations, transient upset conditions, or catastrophic equipment failures, as well as plant process fires and plant wide utility failures, all require fail safe systems that will alleviate high process operating conditions in a safe and expedient manner.
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Refinery and chemical processing operations.


Book information

  • Published: December 1991
  • ISBN: 978-0-8155-1414-5

Table of Contents

1. Introduction to Petroleum Refinery Operations Introduction Refinery Operations Types of Refineries Fuel Products Refinery A Fuels Products Refinery with Specialties2. Catalytic Cracking Introduction The Process Equipment3. Fluid Solids Operations Introduction Fluid Bed Processes FIOR Behavior of Fluidized Beds Design Considerations for Fluid Bed Systems4. Catalytic Reforming Introduction The Catalytic Reforming Processes Powerforming Products Chemical Changes in Powerforming Major Powerforming Variables Engineering Aspects The Powerforming Process Powerforming Process Selection5. Fuels Hydrotreating Introduction The Hydrotreating Process Applications of Hydrofining6. Distillation and Light Ends Processing Introduction Refinery Equipment Refinery Applications Design of Equipment7. Light Ends Processing Operations Introduction Light Ends Recovery Compression Gas Absorption Light Ends Fractionation Light Ends Purification General Terminology for Light Ends Recovery Processing Schemes Light Ends Manufacturing Plants Olefins Diolefins Acetylenes Aromatics Normal Paraffins Cyclohexane8. Plant Safety and Pressure Relieving Operations Introduction Design Considerations and Causes of Overpressure Determination of Contingencies and Relieving Rates Application of Pressure Relief Devices Valve Sizing and Specification Procedures Pressure Relief Valve Installation General Design Notes and Considerations9. Design of Disposal Systems Introduction Equipment Venting and Drainage Blowdown Drums10. Flare Gas Design Practives Introduction Flare Types and Applications Basic Design Considerations Radiation and Spacing from Flares and Ignited Vents Flare System Specification Design Considerations for the Flare Header11. Stack Design Overview Introduction Meteorology Local Topographical Factors Simplified Calculation Method for Dispersion Example of Reactor Venting Episode Sample Calculation Index