Part 1. ADVANCED ECHOCARDIOGRAPHIC TECHNIQUES
- Transesophageal echocardiography
- Monitoring Ventricular Function in the Operating Room: Impact on Clinical Outcome
- Contrast Ultrasound Imaging: Technical Aspects and Clinical Applications
- Three-Dimensional Echocardiography
- Echocardiographic guidance of structural heart disease interventions
- Intracardiac Echocardiography
- Intravascular ultrasound: Principles, histologic correlation and clinical applications
- Hand held echocardiography
Part 2. THE LEFT VENTRICLE
- Quantitative evaluation of left ventricular structure, wall stress, and systolic function.
- Myocardial mechanics: Velocity, strain, strain-rate, cardiac synchrony, and twist
- Assessment of diastolic function by echocardiography
- Digital image processing and automated image analysis in echocardiography
Part 3. ISCHEMIC HEART DISEASE
- The role of echocardiographic evaluation in patients presenting with acute chest pain to the emergency department.
- Echocardiography in the coronary care unit: Management of acute myocardial infarction, detection of complications and prognostic implications.
- Exercise echocardiography
- Stress echocardiography with nonexercise techniques: Principles, protocols, interpretation, and clinical applications
- Echocardiographic Evaluation of Coronary Blood Flow: Approaches and Clinical Applications
Part 4. VALVULAR HEART DISEASE
- Mitral valve anatomy, quantification of mitral regurgitation, and timing of surgical intervention for mitral regurgitation
- Intraoperative echocardiography in surgical and transcatheter mitral valve repair
- Aortic valve regurgitation: quantitation of disease severity and timing of surgical intervention.
- Echocardiography in the patient undergoing catheter balloon mitral valvotomy: patient selection, hemodynamic results, complications and long-term outcome.
- Clinical decision-making in patients with infective endocarditis: the role of echocardiography
- Aortic stenosis: Disease severity, progression, timing of intervention, and role in monitoring transcatheter valve implantation.
- Fluid dynamics of prosthetic valves.
- Echocardiographic recognition and quantitation of prosthetic valve dysfunction.
Part 5. CARDIOMYOPATHIES AND PERICARDIAL DISEASE
- Doppler echocardiography in heart failure and cardiac resynchronization
- Echocardiography in the evaluation and management of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
- Restrictive cardiomyopathy: diagnosis and prognostic implications.
- Pericardial Disease
- Cardiac transplantation: pre and post transplant evaluation.
- Cardiac assist devices: normal findings, device failure and weaning parameters.
Part 6. THE RIGHT HEART
- Right ventricular anatomy, function and echocardiographic evaluation
- Echocardiographic evaluation of the patient with pulmonary hypertension
- Right sided valve diseasePart 7. THE PREGNANT PATIENT
- The role of echocardiography in the diagnosis and management of heart disease in pregnancy
Part 8. VASCULAR AND SYSTEMIC DISEASES
- Aortic dissection and trauma: Value and limitations of echocardiography.
- Echocardiographic findings in systemic diseases characterized by immune-mediated injury.
- Echocardiography in the evaluation of cardiac disease resulting from endocrinopathies, renal, disease, obesity and nutritional deficiencies.
- Echocardiography in patients with inherited connective tissue disorders
- Aging changes seen on echocardiography.
- Echocardiographic evaluation of the patient with a systemic embolic event
- The role of chocardiography in atrial fibrillation and flutter
Part 9. ADULT CONGENITAL HEART DISEASE AND CARDIAC TUMORS
- General echocardiographic approach to the adult with suspected congenital heart disease.
- Echocardiographic evaluation of the adult with unoperated congenital heart disease
- Echocardiographic evaluation of the adult with post-operative congenital heart disease.
- Cardiac tumors