Polynyas: Windows to the World

Edited by

  • Walker Smith, Jr., Virginia Institute of Marine Sciences, Gloucester Point, USA
  • David Barber, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada

Polynyas are relatively ice-free regions when compared to the areas around them, and have been suggested as being foci for energy transfer between the atmosphere and ocean, ice “factories”, and critical areas with respect to polar ecosystems and biogeochemical cycles. This volume presents an integrated, multidisciplinary review of polynyas in both the Arctic and Antarctic. It emphasizes the meteorology, ice dynamics, oceanography, biological components, chemistry, and modeling of these systems, particularly with respect to their roles in polar processes and distributions. The various interactions within polynyas, particularly between the physical forcing and biological responses, is emphasized, as are the potential changes in polynyas that might occur under a climate regime that is rapidly changing. The authors of the reviews are leaders among their respective countries in polynya research, and all are internationally recognized.
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Researchers, scientists, and graduate students in physical, biological, and chemical oceanography.


Book information

  • Published: May 2007
  • Imprint: ELSEVIER
  • ISBN: 978-0-444-52952-7

Table of Contents

1. The Role of Sea Ice in Arctic and Antarctic Polynyas (D. G. Barber, R. A. Massom).
2. Physical Oceanography of Polynyas (W.J. Williams, E.C. Carmack, R.G. Ingram).
3. Polynya Modeling (A.J. Wilmott, D. M. Holland, M.A. Morales Maqueda).
4. Meteorology and Atmosphere-surface Coupling in and around Polynyas (P.J. Minnett, E.L. Key).
5. Gas Fluxes and Dynamics in Polynyas (L.A. Miller, G.R. DiTullio).
6. Biogeochemistry of Polynyas and their Role in Sequestration of Anthropogenic Constituents (M. Hoppema, L.G. Anderson).
7. Physical Control of Primary Productivity in Arctic and Antarctic Polynyas (K.R. Arrigo).
8. Primary Production and Nutrient Dynamics in Polynyas (J.-E. Tremblay, W.O. Smith, Jr.).
9. Zooplankton Processes in Polynyas (D. Deibel, K.L. Daly).
10. Pelagic Bacterial Processes in Polynyas (H.W. Ducklow, P.L. Yager).
11. Benthic Processes in Polynyas (J.M. Grebmeier, J.P. Barry).
12. The Impact and Importance of Production in Polynyas to Top-Trophic Predators: Two Case Histories (N. Karnovsky, D. Ainley, P. Lee).
13. Polynyas and Climate Change: A View to the Future (W.O. Smith, Jr., D.G. Barber).