Pleomorphic Fungi book cover

Pleomorphic Fungi

The Diversity and Its Taxonomic Implications

The diversity of propagules, or simply ``pleomorphy'' (or ``pleomorphism''), is a characteristic of most fungi. In recent years, knowledge with respect to pleomorphy and its dramatic examples has increased enormously. Data on teleomorph-anamorph connections and pleoanamorph (synanamorph) connections together with the analysis of conidium ontogeny cannot be ignored in considering the taxonomy of the major groups of higher fungi today. The purpose of this book is to shed light on those aspects mentioned above, to contribute toward a better knowledge and understanding of pleomorphic fungi, and to present modern trends associated with the taxonomy, morphology, and nomenclature of pleomorphic fungi. This publication was inspired by the 1983 Third International Mycological Congress at Tokyo, and although it is not intended as the symposium proceedings, symposium speakers make up the nucleus of the book. It is hoped that this book will aid in the development of current knowledge on fungal systematics and provide a useful reference not only to specialists in systematic mycology, but also to researchers, teachers, and university students broadly interested in pleomorphic fungi.

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Published: January 1987

Imprint: Elsevier

ISBN: 978-0-444-98966-6

Reviews

  • ... offers an excellent insight into a number of ways of looking at the anamorphic-teleomorphic connections ... this is the sort of volume that anyone dealing with the pleomorphic fungi should have at hand to get a handle on the wide variation in thought on the taxonomy of these types of fungi.
    The Quarterly Review of Biology

Contents

  • 1. Pleomorphic Fungi: Introductory Remarks (J. Sugiyama). The Background. This Book. 2. Geographical Distribution of the Pleomorphic Plectomycetes in Asia and their Teleomorph-Anamorph Connections (S-I. Udagawa). Introduction. Ascosphaerales. Onygenales. Eurotiales. Microascales. Concluding Remarks. Literature Cited. 3. Taxonomic Implications of Variation among Hypocrealean Anamorphs (G.J. Samuels, K.A. Seifert). Introduction. Definition of the Hypocreales. The Range of Anamorphs. Analysis of Characters. Concluding Remarks. 4. Pleomorphy in Sordariales (B.C. Lodha). Introduction. The Telemorph-Anamorph Connection in Chaetomiaceae. The Teleomorph-Anamorph Connection in Sordariaceae s. lat. Concluding Remarks. 5. Pleomorphy in Marine Fungi: Teleomorph-Anamorph Connections in the Halosphaeriaceae (A. Nakagiri, K. Tubaki). Introduction. Teleomorph-Anamorph Connections in Marine Fungi. Taxonomic Implications of Teleomorph-Anamorph Connections in the Halosphaeriaceae. Geographical Distribution. Seasonal Alternation of Morphs. Comparison of Teleomorph-Anamorph Connections between Marine and Freshawater Fungi. Concluding Remarks. 6. Pleomorphy in Some Hyphopodiate Fungi (S.J. Hughes). Introduction. Methods of Observing Pleomorphy. The Synanamorphs of Questieriella. Pleomorphy of Species of Sarcinella. Pleomorphy of Species of Mitteriella. Pleomorphy of Species Described in Digitosarcinella and Questieriella. Discussion of Pleomorphy in Sarcinella, Mitteriella, Digitosarcinella, and Questieriella. (Syn)anamorphs of Schiffnerula and Clypeolella. Relationship between Schiffnerula and Clypeolella. Notes on Species of Schiffnerula in Table 6.4. Notes on Species of Clypeolella in Table 6.5. New Combinations. Dictyoasterina and Yamamotoa. Concluding Remarks. 7. Two Metacapnodiaceous Sooty Moulds From Japan: Their Identity and Behaviour in Pure Culture (J. Sugiyama, N. Amano). Introduction. Capnobotrys neesii. Capnobotryella renispora gen. nov. & sp. nov. Concluding Remarks. 8. Proving the Anamorphic Connection (D.R. Reynolds). Introduction. The Nomenclatorial Standard. The Biological Possibilities. Proving the Anamorphic Connection. Evolutionary Proof. Concluding Remarks. 9. Some Plant Pathogenic Fungi and their Teleomorphs (M. Tsuda, A. Ueyama). Introduction. Sexual Differentiation in Cochliobolus miyabeanus. Variability in Bipolaris and Curvularia. Cochliobolus-Pseudocochliobolus, Bipolaris-Curvularia. Taxonomic Position of Ceratosphaeria grisea and Allied Species. Shiraia bambusicola and Its Anamorph. Concluding Remarks. 10. Pleomorphy in Holobasidiomycetes (J.A. Stalpers). Introduction. Various Types of Anamorphs. Mycoparasites Mimicking Anamorphs. Pleoanamorphy. Homologies between Anamorphic and Teleomorphic Structures. Haploid Apomixis. Concluding Remarks. 11. Pleoanamorphy of Yeast-Like Fungi and Little-Differentiated Hyphomycetes (G.S. de Hoog). Introduction. Overall Plasticity. Partial Pleoanamorphy. Sexuality. Some Samples. Concluding Remarks. 12. Pleomorphy in Helicosporous Hyphomycetes (R.D. Goos). Introduction. Conidium Ontogeny in the Helicosporae. Phialoconidia. Secondary Conidia. Chlamydospores. Spermatia. Teleomorphs. Concluding Remarks. 13. The Significance of Conidiogenesis in Pleoanamorphy (D.W. Minter). Introduction. Hyphal Growth. Plasticity of Development. Pleoanamorphy and the Black Yeasts. Verticicladiella and Similar Genera. A Different Example of Pleoanamorphy in Ceratocystis. Shortened Life Cycle in Ascomycetous Fungi with Hyaline and Dark Conidial States. Pleoanamorphic Plasticity in the Pleosporaceae. Plasticity between Condiogenesis and Ascospore Production. Discussion. Concluding Remarks. 14. Pleoanamorphy and its Nomenclatural Problem (G.L. Hennbert). Introduction. Terminology. Two Levels of Pleomorphy. The Rules of Botanical Nomenclature: Pleomorphy and Pleoanamorphy. The Possible Systems of Nomenclature for Anamorphic Fungi, within the Dual Nomenclature. The New Wording of the Code. What Do the Sydney Decisions Really Mean? Anamorphosis or Anamorph? Anatomical Taxonomy and Nomenclature, a Heritage. Names for Pleoanamorphic Taxa, a Matter of Taxonomy. Concluding Remarks. Author Index. Fungus Index. Subject Index.

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