Plastics Engineered Product Design book cover

Plastics Engineered Product Design

• A comprehensive book which collates the experience of two well-known US plastic engineers.
• Enables engineers to make informed decisions.
• Includes a unique chronology of the world of plastics.

The use of plastics is increasing year on year, and new uses are being found for plastics in many industries. Designers using plastics need to understand the nature and properties of the materials which they are using so that the products perform to set standards.

This book, written by two very experienced plastics engineers, provides copious information on the materials, fabrication processes, design considerations and plastics performance, thus allowing informed decisions to be made by engineers.

It also includes a useful chronology of the world of plastics, a resource not found elsewhere.

Audience
Plastics engineers; mechanical engineers; designers; structural engineers and consultants.

Hardbound, 588 Pages

Published: December 2003

Imprint: Elsevier

ISBN: 978-1-85617-416-9

Reviews

  • An essential reference source for plastics engineers, mechanical engineers, designers, structural engineers and consultants. APOLLIT,2004

Contents

  • Chapter 1 - OVERVIEW
    IntroductionMaterials of Construction
    Thermoplastics
    Crystalline & Amorphous Polymers
    Liquid Crystalline Polymers
    Thermosets
    Crosslinked Thermoplastics
    Reinforced Plastics
    Thermal Expansions
    Ductilities
    Toughnesses
    Tolerances/Shrinkages
    Compounds
    Prepregs
    Sheet Molding Compounds
    Bulk Molding Compounds
    Commodity & Engineering Plastics
    Elastomers/Rubbers

    Plastic Behaviors
    Morphology/Molecular Structure/Mechanical Property
    Densities
    Molecular Weights
    Molecular Weight Distributions
    Viscosities and Melt Flows
    Newtonian/non-Newtonian
    Melt Index
    Rheology & Mechanical Analysis
    Viscoelasticities
    Processing-to-Performance Interface
    Glass Transition Temperatures
    Melt Temperatures
    Processing and Moisture
    Drying Operations

    Fabricating Processes
    Extrusions
    Orientations
    Postformings
    Coextrusions
    Injection Moldings
    Coinjections
    Gas-Assist Moldings
    Micromoldings
    Blow Moldings
    Complex Consolidated Structural Products
    Thermoformings
    Foams
    Reinforced Plastics
    Calenders
    Castings
    Coatings
    Compression Moldings
    Reaction Injection Moldings
    Rotational Moldings

    Variables

    FALLO Approach

    Chapter 2 - DESIGN OPTIMIZATION
    Introduction
    Terminology

    Engineering Optimization
    Design Foundation
    Problem/Solution Concept
    Design Approach
    Model Less Costly
    Model Type
    Computer Software
    Design Analysis Approach

    Viscoelasticity
    Polymer Structure
    Viscoelasticity Behavior
    Relaxation/Creep Analysis
    Summary

    Viscosity

    Rheology and Mechanical Properties
    Hooke's Law

    Static Stress
    Tensile Stress-Strain
    Modulus of Elasticity
    Flexural Stress-Strain
    Compressive Stress-Strain
    Shear Stress-Strain
    Torsion Stress-Strain
    Direct Load Shear Strength
    Residual Stress

    Dynamic Stress
    Dynamic/Static Mechanical Behavior
    Energy and Motion Control
    Isolator
    Torsion Load

    Rapid Loading
    Impact
    Impulse
    Puncture
    Friction
    Erosion
    Hydrostatic
    Cavitation
    Rain

    High Performance
    Reinforced Plastic
    Orientation of Reinforcement
    Orientation Terms
    Basic Design Theory
    Fiber Strength Theory
    Fiber Geometry on Strength
    Stiffness-Viscoelasticity
    Creep and Stress Relaxation

    Conceptual Design Approach
    Design Analysis
    Pseudo-Elastic Method
    Theory of Combined Action
    Overview
    Stress-Strain Analysis
    Plain Reinforced Plates
    Composite Plates
    Bending of Beams and Plates
    Structural Sandwiches
    Stiffness
    Stresses in Sandwich Beams
    Axially-Loaded Sandwich
    Filament Wound Shells, Internal Hydrostatic Pressure
    Basic Equations
    Weight of Fiber
    Minimum Weight
    Isotensoid Design
    Geodesic-Isotensoid Design

    Chapter 3 - DESIGN PARAMETER
    Load Determination

    Design Analysis Process
    Reinforced Plastic Analysis
    Stress Analysis

    Stress-strain Behavior
    Rigidity (EI)
    Hysteresis Effect
    Poisson's Ratio
    Brittleness
    Ductile
    Crazing
    Stress Whitening

    Combined Stresses
    Surface Stresses and Deformations

    Creep

    Fatigue

    Reinforcement performance

    Chapter 4 - PRODUCT DESIGN
    Introduction
    Reinforced Plastic
    Monocoque Structure

    Geometric Shape
    Modulus of Elasticity
    EI theory

    Plate
    Folded Plate

    Beam

    Rib
    Plastic
    Reinforced/Foamed Plastic

    Column
    Euler's Formula

    Torsion

    Sandwich
    Design

    Gear
    Contact Stress

    BearingPV Factor

    Grommet

    Gasket

    Shape
    Overview
    Filament Wound Shape
    Netting Analysis
    Cylinder
    Sphere
    Tank
    Fabricating RP Tank
    Underground Storage Tank
    Hopper Rail Car Tank
    Highway Tank
    Very Large Tank
    Corrosive Resistant Tank

    Pipe
    Thermoplastic Pipe
    RP Pipe

    Spring
    Leaf Spring
    Special Spring
    Cantilever Spring
    Torsional Beam Spring

    Hinge

    Press Fit

    Snap Fit

    Tape

    Packaging
    Permeability
    Cushioning

    Building
    House of the Future
    House Top

    Transportation
    Automobile
    Truck
    Aircraft
    Marine Application
    Boat
    Underwater Hull

    Missile and Rocket

    Electrical/Electronic
    Shielding Electrical Device
    Radome

    Medical
    Surgical Product
    Dental Product
    Health Care

    Recreation

    Appliance

    Furniture

    Water Filter

    Lumber

    Metal
    Metal Replacement with Plastic
    Performance Behavior
    Moisture Effect
    Long Term vs. Short Term Loading
    Stress Concentration
    Coefficient of Expansion
    Bolt Torque Effect
    Impact Barrier
    Vehicle Oil Pan
    Attachment

    Design Limitation and Constraint

    Chapter 5 - COMPUTER-AIDED DESIGN
    Technology overview

    Computers and people

    Geometric modeling

    Design accuracy and efficiency

    Input/output device
    Central Process Unit

    Software
    Programs
    Databases/General Information
    Supply Chain Software

    Finite element analysis
    Application
    Designing
    Graphics
    Structural Analysis
    Software Analysis

    Synthesizing design

    CAD special use
    Optimization
    CAD Prototyping
    Rapid Prototyping

    CAD standard and translator

    Data sharing

    Engineered personal computer

    CAD editing

    CIM changing

    Computer-based training

    IBM advances computer

    Artificial intelligence

    Plastic Toys-Smart computer

    Computer fevices via DNA

    Design via internet

    Chapter 6 - PLASTIC PERFORMANCE
    Overeview
    Influencing Factor

    Selecting plastic
    Comparison
    Worksheet

    Temperature
    Thermal Property
    Thermal Conductivity
    Thermal Expansion/Contraction
    Hyperenvironment

    Flammability
    Steel and Plastic
    Test
    Smoke

    Electrical/Electronic

    Corrosion resistance

    Chemical resistance

    Friction

    Tolerance
    Limit
    Processing Effect


    Recycled plastic

    Engineering data information source
    Publication
    Thomas Register
    Industry Societies
    Encyclopedia and Industrial Books
    Standards
    Engineering Information
    Information Broker
    Engineering Societies and Associations
    Designs
    Databases
    Websites

    Training programs

    Chapter 7 - DESIGN RELIABILITY
    Testing
    Classifying Test
    Laboratory

    Quality Control
    Quality and Reliability
    Total Quality Management
    Quality and Design

    Statistics

    Testing, QC, statistics and people

    Product failure
    Spectrum Loading and Cumulative Damage
    Crack Growth and Fracture Mechanics
    Fatigue and Stress Concentration
    Fatigue Loading and Laboratory Testing
    Predicting Long Time Reliability

    Meaning of Data

    Safety Factor
    Safety Factor Example

    Chapter 8 - SUMMARY AND CHRONOLOGYOverview
    Market Size
    Customer
    Constraint
    Responsibility
    Responsibility Commensurate with Ability
    Risk
    Acceptable Risk
    Predicting Performance
    Design Verification
    Perfection
    Ethics

    Ergonomic

    Costing
    Technical Cost Modeling

    Engineering and law interface

    Plastic material

    Design demand

    Plastic success

    Future


    Appendix A ABBREVIATIONS
    Appendix B GLOSSARY
    Appendix C TRADENAMES
    BIBLIOGRAPHY

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