Planning and Designing Research Animal Facilities

Edited by

  • Jack Hessler, Hessler Consulting, LLC, Laytonsville, MD, USA
  • Noel Lehner, School of Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA

Research institutions have or are planning to build, expand and renovate animal research facilities to keep up with the demands of biomedical research caused in part by growth in the use of genetically altered rodents and the upsurge of research in infectious diseases. Properly designed facilities greatly facilitate effective management and high-quality day-to-day animal care that is required to optimally support animal research and testing. There are multiple solutions to address the myriad of factors that influence the design and construction of animal research facilities. There is no “best” design applicable for all facilities and arguably not even a single “best” design for a given facility. For this reason, this is not intended to be a “how to” book. The goal is to cover the basic programmatic requirements of animal research facilities, provide ideas for meeting those requirements while, hopefully, stimulating the creative process in which designers in consultation with those who work in animal research facilities generate even better ideas. That is how progress has been made and will continue to be made.
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Researchers, postdocs and graduate students who work in research animal facilities and those involved in the architecture, engineering, construction and programmatic requirementsprogrammatic requirements of animal research


Book information

  • Published: November 2008
  • ISBN: 978-0-12-369517-8

Table of Contents

I. GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS1.Goals and Objectives for Research Animal Facilities2. Master Planning & Animal Facility Location3. A Team Process from Programming to Commissioning4. The Planning, Design and Construction Process5. Pre-Occupancy Planning, Commission, Qualification and Validation Testing 6. Regulatory Issues7.Environmental Considerations for Research Animals 8. Cost II. DESIGN CONCEPTS AND CONSIDERATIONS9. Circulation10. Functional Adjacencies11. Vivarium Aesthetics and Visual Design12. Ergonomic Considerations and Allergen Management 13. Interstitial Mechanical Space14. Hazard-Resistant Building Construction 15. Animal Isolation Cubicles 16. Modular Buildings17. Common Facility Design Errors & ProblemsIII. FACILITY DESIGNA. General 18. Animal Care and Administration Space 19. Animal Use SpaceB. SPECIES SPECIFIC HOUSING SPACE 20. Rodent Facilities and Caging Systems21. Facilities for Nonhuman Primates22. Facilities for Dogs, Swine, Sheep, Goats, and Other Species23. Aquatic FacilitiesC. SPECIAL FACILITIES24. Barrier Housing for Rodents25. Biohazards: Safety Practices, Operations and Containment Facilities 26. Quarantine Facilities and Operations IV. SYSTEMS27. Introduction to Specifications: General Considerations, and Division 128. Structure 29. Doors & Hardware: Practical Choices30. Finish Decisions31. Fixed Equipment for Research Animal Facilities32. Plumbing: Special Considerations 33. Electrical: Special Considerations34. Heating Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC): Special Considerations35. Using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) in Laboratory Animal Facilities