Physical Properties of Rocks, 18
Fundamentals and Principles of Petrophysics
- J.H. Schon, Sektion Geowissenschaften, Bergakademie Freiburg, Germany
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The interpretation of geophysical data in exploration geophysics, well logging, engineering, mining and environmental geophysics requires knowledge of the physical properties of the rocks and their correlation. Physical properties are a "key" for combined interpretation techniques. The study of rock physics provides an interdisciplinary treatment of physical properties, whether related to geophysical, geotechnical, hydrological or geological methodology.
The book is a comprehensive and concise systematic presentation of the physical properties of rocks. It is focussed on the problems of applied geophysics with respect to exploration and the expanding field of applications in engineering and mining geophysics, geotechnics, hydrology and environmental problems, and the properties under the conditions of the upper earth crust. This volume contains theoretical and experimental results relating to the main geophysical properties ? density, magnetic properties, natural radioactivity, elastic and anelastic properties, electrical and thermal. It also presents the correlation between the individual properties as a basis of modern interpretation methods, including relationships between geophysical and geotechnical properties.
For geophysicists, well log analysts, petrophysicists, petroleum engineers, geotechnical engineers and geologists.
- Published: February 2004
- Imprint: PERGAMON
- ISBN: 978-0-08-044346-1
..a comprehensive and concise systematic presentation of the physical properties of rocks.
Petroleum Abstracts, 2005
..can be a useful reference to those involved in estimating rock properties from seismic and well logging measurements, as well as others needing a reference to relate different physical properties.D.C. Bartel, The Leading Edge, 2005
Table of ContentsChapter and selected section headings: Preface. Rock Physics as an Integrated and Integrating Component of Geosciences. Introduction. Rocks of the earth - their composition and classification. Results of experimental investigations - an overview. Models as a basis for rock physics theories - an overview. Pore Space Properties: Porosity, Specific Internal Surface, and Permeability. Introduction. Porosity. Specific internal surface. Permeability. Density of Rocks. Definition and units. Density of rock constituents. Density of rocks. Magnetic Properties of Rocks. Physical basis and units. Magnetic properties of rock constituents. Magnetic properties of rocks. Natural Radioactivity of Rocks. Physical basis. Abundance of uranium, thorium, and potassium in minerals. The abundance of uranium, thorium, and potassium in rocks - the natural radioactivity of rocks. Radioactive heat generation.Elastic Properties of Rocks. Physical basis and units. Elastic properties of the rock-forming minerals and the fluid rock constituents. The velocity of elastic waves in rocks - results of experimental investigations. Theories.Seismic Wave Attenuation. Definitions and units. Anelastic properties of the fluid and gaseous rock constituents. The attentuation of seismic waves in rocks - results of experimental investigations. Attenuation mechanisms and theories. Thermal Properties of Rocks. Physical basis and units. Thermal properties of minerals and pore contents. Thermal properties of rocks. Theories and models. Electrical Properties of Rocks. Physical basis and units. Electrical properties of minerals and pore contents. Electrical properties of rocks. Some Relationships Between Various Physical Properties of Rocks. Overview. Relationships between the properties determined by geophysical methods. Relationships between properties determined by geophysical methods and geotechnical properties. References. Index. 5 illus., 268 line drawings.