Phase Transitions in Polymers: The Role of Metastable States
- Stephen Cheng, University of Akron, OH, USA
Scientists, Researchers and Students.
- Published: July 2008
- Imprint: ELSEVIER
- ISBN: 978-0-444-51911-5
Table of ContentsForeword.
1.1. Phases in single component systems.
1.2. Phase transitions in single component systems.
2. Thermodynamics and kinetics of phase transitions.
2.1. Thermodynamics of phase transitions in single component systems.
2.2. Kinetic aspects of phase transitions in single component systems.
2.3. Phase and phase transitions in mutiple component systems.
3. Concepts of metastable states.
3.1. Ostwald’s stage rule and definition of a metastable state.
3.2. Examples of metastable states in phase transitions.
3.3. Appearance of metastable states controlled by competing kinetics.
3.4. What are the limitations of this concept?
3.5. Concept of metastability.
4. Metastable states in phase transitions of polymers.
4.1. Supercooled liquids and crystallization.
4.2. Superheated crystals and crystal melting.
4.3. Metastable states in phase separated polymer mixtures and copolymers.
5. Metastable states observed due to phase transformation kinetics in polymers.
5.1. Appearance of metastable states based on their crystal nucleation barriers.
5.2. Polymorphs and their competing formation kientics.
5.3. Monotropic phase transitions in polymers.
5.4. Environment induced metastable phases.
6. Interdependence of metastable states on different length scales in polymers.
6.1. Combining phase size effect with polymorphs.
6.2. Liquid-liquid phase separation coupled with vitrification.
6.3. Liquid-liquid phase separation coupled with crystallization.
6.4. Liquid-liquid phase separation associated with gelation and crystallization.
7. Outlook - A personal view.