Pediatric Critical Care

By

  • Bradley Fuhrman, MD, Department Chair, Physician-in-Chief, Department of Pediatrics, El Paso Children's Hospital, El Paso, Texas, USA
  • Jerry Zimmerman, PhD, MD, Professor of Pediatrics and Anesthesiology; Directorof Critical Care, Children's Hospital and Regional Medical Center, Seattle, WA

Now completely revised and updated, this definitive, easy-to-use text guides you through all aspects of caring for the critically ill child. The clear, logical organ-system approach addresses development, function, disease, and treatment for a full range of disease entities. This new edition includes chapters covering hemodynamic principles, diagnostic and therapeutic cardiac catheterization, congenital malformations of brain and spinal chord, and gastrointestinal pharmacology. A completely new section has been added that considers the failure of organ systems. Multidisciplinary in approach, the book addresses pharmacology, nursing, administration, ethics, and other areas of concern to the whole pediatric ICU team.
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Audience

Critical Care Specialists, Pediatricians, Pediatric Residents, Anesthesiologists, Anesthesiology Residents, Nurse Anesthetists, Health Science Libraries

 

Book information

  • Published: December 2005
  • Imprint: MOSBY
  • ISBN: 978-0-323-01808-1


Table of Contents

I. The Discipline

1. Multidisciplinary Critical Care and the Role of the Pediatric Subspecialist in the PICU
2. History of Pediatric Intensive Care
3. Pediatric Critical Care and the Intensivist in the New Hospital Environment
4. The Nurse in Pediatric Critical Care
5. Research in Pediatric Critical Care
6. Proving the Point: Evidence-Based Medicine in Pediatric Critical Care
7. Outcome Prediction in Pediatric Critical Care
8. Safety and Quality Assessment in the PICU
9. Information Technology in Critical Care
10. Family-Centered Care in the PICU
11. Ethics in Pediatric Intensive Care
12. Ethical Issues in Death and Dying
13. Pediatric Transplantation and Organ Donation
14. Pediatric Transport: Shifting the Paradigm to Improve Patient Outcome
15. Pediatric Vascular Access and Centeses
16. Pediatric Intensive Care in Developing Countries


Section: II. Organ System Function and Failure

A. Circulation

17. Structure and Function of the Heart
18. Regional Circulation
19. Principles of Invasive Monitoring
20. Assessment of Cardiovascular Function
21. Echocardiography and Noninvasive Cardiac Diagnosis
22. Diagnostic and Therapeutic Cardiac Catheterization
23. Pharmacology of the Cardiovascular System
24. Cardiopulmonary Interactions
25. Myocardial Dysfunction, Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation, and Ventricular Assist Devices
26. Disorders of Cardiac Rhythm
27. Shock States
28. Cardiac Bypass for Repair of Congenital Heart Disease in Infants and Children
29. Cardiac Intensive Care
30. Cardiac Transplantation

Section: II. Organ System Function and Failure

B. Respiration

31. Structure of the Respiratory System
32. Pediatric Airway Management
33. Physiology of the Respiratory System
34. Control of Breathing and Acute Respiratory Failure
35. Assessment and Monitoring of Respiratory Function
36. Ventilation/Perfusion Mismatch
37. Mechanical Dysfunction of the Respiratory System
38. Noninvasive Monitoring in Children
39. Specific Diseases of the Respiratory System: Upper Airway
40. Asthma
41. Neonatal Respiratory Disease
42. Pneumonitis and Interstitial Disease
43. Diseases of Pulmonary Circulation
44. Mechanical Ventilation and Respiratory Care
45. Ventilator-Induced Lung Injury
46. Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Children
47. Extracorporeal Life Support


Section: II. Organ System Function and Failure

C. CNS and Neuromuscular

48. Development, Structure, and Function of the Brain and Neuromuscular Systems
49. Neuroimaging
50. Pediatric Neurologic Assessment and Monitoring
51. Congenital Malformations of the Brain and Spinal Cord
52. Intracranial Hypertension and Brain Monitoring
53. Postoperative Neurosurgical Intensive Care
54. Coma and Depressed Sensorium
55. Status Epilepticus
56. Acute Neuromuscular Diseases and Disorders in Pediatric Critical Care
57. Acute Central Nervous System Infections
58. Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy: Pathobiology and Therapy of the Postresuscitation Syndrome in Children


Section: II. Organ System Function and Failure

D. Renal

59. Renal Structure and Function
60. Electrolyte Management in Pediatric Critical Illness
61. Acid-Base Disorders
62. Tests of Renal Function
63. Renal Pharmacology
64. Glomerulotubular Dysfunction and Acute Renal Failure
65. Pediatric Renal Replacement Therapy in the Intensive Care Unit


Section: II. Organ System Function and Failure

E. Metabolism and Endocrine

66. Hypertension in the PICU
67. Cellular Bioenergetic Pathways and Processes
68. Nutrition in the Critically Ill Child
69. Inborn Errors of Metabolism
70. Disorders of the Endocrine System and Pediatric Critical Illness
71. Diabetic Ketoacidosis


Section: II. Organ System Function and Failure

F. Hematology

72. Structure and Function of Hematopoietic Organs
73. Thromboembolism in Pediatric Critical Care Patients
74. Hematology and Oncology Problems in the Intensive Care Unit
75. Basics of Transfusion Medicine
76. Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
77. Hemaglobinopathy

Section: II. Organ System Function and Failure

G. Gastroenterology

78. Gastrointestinal Structure and Function
79. Disorders and Diseases of the Gastrointestinal Tract and Liver
80. Gastrointestinal Pharmacology
81. Acute Liver Failure, Liver Transplantation, and Extracorporeal Liver Support
82. Acute Abdomen


Section: II. Organ System Function and Failure

H. Immunity and Infection

83. The Innate Immune System
84. Infection and the Host Response
85. Congenital Immunodeficiency
86. Acquired Immune Dysfunction
87. Bacterial Infection, Antimicrobial Use and Resistant Organisms in the PICU
88. Life-Threatening Viral Disease and Its Treatment
89. Infectious Syndromes in the PICU
90. Nosocomial Infection in the PICU
91. Rheumatic Diseases and Their Treatment
92. Genomic and Proteomic Medicine in Critical Care


Section: II. Organ System Function and Failure

I. Failure of Organ Systems

93. Molecular Foundations of Cellular Injury: Apoptosis and Necrosis
94. Endotheliopathy
95. Neuroendocrine-Immune Mediator Coordination and Disarray in Critical Illness
96. Sepsis
97. Pediatric Multiple Organ Dysfuncation Syndrome



Section: III. Environmental Hazards

98. Principles of Toxin Screening, Assessment and Detoxification
99. Toxidromes and Their Treatment
100. Bites and Stinges
101. Heat Injury
102. Cold Injury
103. Near-Drowning
104. Burn and Inhalation Injuries


Section: IV. Trauma

105. Evaluation, Stabilization and Initial Management After Multiple Trauma
106. Child Abuse and Neglect
107. Severe Traumatic Brain Injury in Infants and Children
108. Thoracic Injuries in Children
109. Abdominal Trauma in Pediatric Critical Care


V. Pharmacology

110. Principles of Drug Disposition in the Critically Ill Child
111. Molecular Aspects of Drug Actions: from Receptors to Effectors
112. Adverse Drug Reactions and Drug-Drug Interactions


VI. Anesthesia and Analgesia Aspects of Pediatric Critical Care

113. Organ System Considerations that Affect Anesthetic Management
114. Anesthetic Principles and Operating Room Anesthesia Regimens
115. Neuromuscular Blocking Agents
116. Sedation and Analgesia
117. Malignant Hyperthermia


VII. Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

118. Physiologic Foundations of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
119. Pediatric Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation


Index